http_response_code

(PHP 5 >= 5.4.0)

http_response_codeGet or Set the HTTP response code

Description

int http_response_code ([ int $response_code ] )

If you pass no parameters then http_response_code will get the current status code. If you pass a parameter it will set the response code.

Parameters

response_code

The optional response_code will set the response code.

<?php
http_response_code
(404);
?>

Return Values

The current response code. By default the return value is int(200).

Examples

Example #1 Examples using http_response_code()

<?php

// Get the current default response code
var_dump(http_response_code()); // int(200)

// Set our response code
http_response_code(404);

// Get our new response code
var_dump(http_response_code()); // int(404)
?>

The above example will output:

See Also

  • header() - Send a raw HTTP header
  • headers_list() - Returns a list of response headers sent (or ready to send)

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

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60
craig at craigfrancis dot co dot uk
3 years ago
If your version of PHP does not include this function:

<?php

   
if (!function_exists('http_response_code')) {
        function
http_response_code($code = NULL) {

            if (
$code !== NULL) {

                switch (
$code) {
                    case
100: $text = 'Continue'; break;
                    case
101: $text = 'Switching Protocols'; break;
                    case
200: $text = 'OK'; break;
                    case
201: $text = 'Created'; break;
                    case
202: $text = 'Accepted'; break;
                    case
203: $text = 'Non-Authoritative Information'; break;
                    case
204: $text = 'No Content'; break;
                    case
205: $text = 'Reset Content'; break;
                    case
206: $text = 'Partial Content'; break;
                    case
300: $text = 'Multiple Choices'; break;
                    case
301: $text = 'Moved Permanently'; break;
                    case
302: $text = 'Moved Temporarily'; break;
                    case
303: $text = 'See Other'; break;
                    case
304: $text = 'Not Modified'; break;
                    case
305: $text = 'Use Proxy'; break;
                    case
400: $text = 'Bad Request'; break;
                    case
401: $text = 'Unauthorized'; break;
                    case
402: $text = 'Payment Required'; break;
                    case
403: $text = 'Forbidden'; break;
                    case
404: $text = 'Not Found'; break;
                    case
405: $text = 'Method Not Allowed'; break;
                    case
406: $text = 'Not Acceptable'; break;
                    case
407: $text = 'Proxy Authentication Required'; break;
                    case
408: $text = 'Request Time-out'; break;
                    case
409: $text = 'Conflict'; break;
                    case
410: $text = 'Gone'; break;
                    case
411: $text = 'Length Required'; break;
                    case
412: $text = 'Precondition Failed'; break;
                    case
413: $text = 'Request Entity Too Large'; break;
                    case
414: $text = 'Request-URI Too Large'; break;
                    case
415: $text = 'Unsupported Media Type'; break;
                    case
500: $text = 'Internal Server Error'; break;
                    case
501: $text = 'Not Implemented'; break;
                    case
502: $text = 'Bad Gateway'; break;
                    case
503: $text = 'Service Unavailable'; break;
                    case
504: $text = 'Gateway Time-out'; break;
                    case
505: $text = 'HTTP Version not supported'; break;
                    default:
                        exit(
'Unknown http status code "' . htmlentities($code) . '"');
                    break;
                }

               
$protocol = (isset($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL']) ? $_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] : 'HTTP/1.0');

               
header($protocol . ' ' . $code . ' ' . $text);

               
$GLOBALS['http_response_code'] = $code;

            } else {

               
$code = (isset($GLOBALS['http_response_code']) ? $GLOBALS['http_response_code'] : 200);

            }

            return
$code;

        }
    }

?>

In this example I am using $GLOBALS, but you can use whatever storage mechanism you like... I don't think there is a way to return the current status code:

https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=52555

For reference the error codes I got from PHP's source code:

http://lxr.php.net/opengrok/xref/PHP_5_4/sapi/cgi/cgi_main.c#354

And how the current http header is sent, with the variables it uses:

http://lxr.php.net/opengrok/xref/PHP_5_4/main/SAPI.c#856
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13
Stefan W
1 year ago
Note that you can NOT set arbitrary response codes with this function, only those that are known to PHP (or the SAPI PHP is running on).

The following codes currently work as expected (with PHP running as Apache module):
200 – 208, 226
300 – 305, 307, 308
400 – 417, 422 – 424, 426, 428 – 429, 431
500 – 508, 510 – 511

Codes 0, 100, 101, and 102 will be sent as "200 OK".

Everything else will result in "500 Internal Server Error".

If you want to send responses with a freestyle status line, you need to use the `header()` function:

<?php header("HTTP/1.0 418 I'm A Teapot"); ?>
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12
stephen at bobs-bits dot com
1 year ago
It's not mentioned explicitly, but the return value when SETTING, is the OLD status code.
e.g.
<?php

$a
= http_response_code();
$b = http_response_code(202);
$c = http_response_code();

var_dump($a, $b, $c);

// Result:
// int(200)
// int(200)
// int(202)
?>
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5
Anonymous
1 year ago
You can also create a enum by extending the SplEnum class.
<?php

/** HTTP status codes */
class HttpStatusCode extends SplEnum {
    const
__default = self::OK;
   
    const
SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS = 101;
    const
OK = 200;
    const
CREATED = 201;
    const
ACCEPTED = 202;
    const
NONAUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION = 203;
    const
NO_CONTENT = 204;
    const
RESET_CONTENT = 205;
    const
PARTIAL_CONTENT = 206;
    const
MULTIPLE_CHOICES = 300;
    const
MOVED_PERMANENTLY = 301;
    const
MOVED_TEMPORARILY = 302;
    const
SEE_OTHER = 303;
    const
NOT_MODIFIED = 304;
    const
USE_PROXY = 305;
    const
BAD_REQUEST = 400;
    const
UNAUTHORIZED = 401;
    const
PAYMENT_REQUIRED = 402;
    const
FORBIDDEN = 403;
    const
NOT_FOUND = 404;
    const
METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED = 405;
    const
NOT_ACCEPTABLE = 406;
    const
PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED = 407;
    const
REQUEST_TIMEOUT = 408;
    const
CONFLICT = 408;
    const
GONE = 410;
    const
LENGTH_REQUIRED = 411;
    const
PRECONDITION_FAILED = 412;
    const
REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE = 413;
    const
REQUESTURI_TOO_LARGE = 414;
    const
UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE = 415;
    const
REQUESTED_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE = 416;
    const
EXPECTATION_FAILED = 417;
    const
IM_A_TEAPOT = 418;
    const
INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR = 500;
    const
NOT_IMPLEMENTED = 501;
    const
BAD_GATEWAY = 502;
    const
SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE = 503;
    const
GATEWAY_TIMEOUT = 504;
    const
HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED = 505;
}
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10
Rob Zazueta
2 years ago
The note above from "Anonymous" is wrong. I'm running this behind the AWS Elastic Loadbalancer and trying the header(':'.$error_code...) method mentioned above is treated as invalid HTTP.

The documentation for the header() function has the right way to implement this if you're still on < php 5.4:

<?php
header
("HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found");
?>
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5
Richard F.
2 years ago
At least on my side with php-fpm and nginx this method does not change the text in the response, only the code.

<?php

// HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
http_response_code(404);

?>

The resulting response is HTTP/1.1 404 OK
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2
Steven
4 months ago
http_response_code is basically a shorthand way of writing a http status header, with the added bonus that PHP will work out a suitable Reason Phrase to provide by matching your response code to one of the values in an enumeration it maintains within php-src/main/http_status_codes.h. Note that this means your response code must match a response code that PHP knows about. You can't create your own response codes using this method, however you can using the header method.

In summary - The differences between "http_response_code" and "header" for setting response codes:

1. Using http_response_code will cause PHP to match and apply a Reason Phrase from a list of Reason Phrases that are hard-coded into the PHP source code.

2. Because of point 1 above, if you use http_response_code you must set a code that PHP knows about. You can't set your own custom code, however you can set a custom code (and Reason Phrase) if you use the header method.
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2
yefremov {dot} sasha () gmail {dot} com
6 months ago
@craig at craigfrancis dot co dot uk@ wrote the function that replaces the original. It is very usefull, but has a bug. The original http_response_code always returns the previous or current code, not the code you are setting now. Here is my fixed version. I also use $GLOBALS to store the current code, but trigger_error() instead of exit. So now, how the function will behave in the case of error lies on the error handler. Or you can change it back to exit().

if (!function_exists('http_response_code')) {
    function http_response_code($code = NULL) {    
        $prev_code = (isset($GLOBALS['http_response_code']) ? $GLOBALS['http_response_code'] : 200);

        if ($code === NULL) {
            return $prev_code;
        }

        switch ($code) {
            case 100: $text = 'Continue'; break;
            case 101: $text = 'Switching Protocols'; break;
            case 200: $text = 'OK'; break;
            case 201: $text = 'Created'; break;
            case 202: $text = 'Accepted'; break;
            case 203: $text = 'Non-Authoritative Information'; break;
            case 204: $text = 'No Content'; break;
            case 205: $text = 'Reset Content'; break;
            case 206: $text = 'Partial Content'; break;
            case 300: $text = 'Multiple Choices'; break;
            case 301: $text = 'Moved Permanently'; break;
            case 302: $text = 'Moved Temporarily'; break;
            case 303: $text = 'See Other'; break;
            case 304: $text = 'Not Modified'; break;
            case 305: $text = 'Use Proxy'; break;
            case 400: $text = 'Bad Request'; break;
            case 401: $text = 'Unauthorized'; break;
            case 402: $text = 'Payment Required'; break;
            case 403: $text = 'Forbidden'; break;
            case 404: $text = 'Not Found'; break;
            case 405: $text = 'Method Not Allowed'; break;
            case 406: $text = 'Not Acceptable'; break;
            case 407: $text = 'Proxy Authentication Required'; break;
            case 408: $text = 'Request Time-out'; break;
            case 409: $text = 'Conflict'; break;
            case 410: $text = 'Gone'; break;
            case 411: $text = 'Length Required'; break;
            case 412: $text = 'Precondition Failed'; break;
            case 413: $text = 'Request Entity Too Large'; break;
            case 414: $text = 'Request-URI Too Large'; break;
            case 415: $text = 'Unsupported Media Type'; break;
            case 500: $text = 'Internal Server Error'; break;
            case 501: $text = 'Not Implemented'; break;
            case 502: $text = 'Bad Gateway'; break;
            case 503: $text = 'Service Unavailable'; break;
            case 504: $text = 'Gateway Time-out'; break;
            case 505: $text = 'HTTP Version not supported'; break;
            default:
                trigger_error('Unknown http status code ' . $code, E_USER_ERROR); // exit('Unknown http status code "' . htmlentities($code) . '"');
                return $prev_code;
        }

        $protocol = (isset($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL']) ? $_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] : 'HTTP/1.0');
        header($protocol . ' ' . $code . ' ' . $text);
        $GLOBALS['http_response_code'] = $code;

        // original function always returns the previous or current code
        return $prev_code;
    }
}
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5
Anonymous
1 year ago
Status codes as an array:

<?php
$http_status_codes
= array(100 => "Continue", 101 => "Switching Protocols", 102 => "Processing", 200 => "OK", 201 => "Created", 202 => "Accepted", 203 => "Non-Authoritative Information", 204 => "No Content", 205 => "Reset Content", 206 => "Partial Content", 207 => "Multi-Status", 300 => "Multiple Choices", 301 => "Moved Permanently", 302 => "Found", 303 => "See Other", 304 => "Not Modified", 305 => "Use Proxy", 306 => "(Unused)", 307 => "Temporary Redirect", 308 => "Permanent Redirect", 400 => "Bad Request", 401 => "Unauthorized", 402 => "Payment Required", 403 => "Forbidden", 404 => "Not Found", 405 => "Method Not Allowed", 406 => "Not Acceptable", 407 => "Proxy Authentication Required", 408 => "Request Timeout", 409 => "Conflict", 410 => "Gone", 411 => "Length Required", 412 => "Precondition Failed", 413 => "Request Entity Too Large", 414 => "Request-URI Too Long", 415 => "Unsupported Media Type", 416 => "Requested Range Not Satisfiable", 417 => "Expectation Failed", 418 => "I'm a teapot", 419 => "Authentication Timeout", 420 => "Enhance Your Calm", 422 => "Unprocessable Entity", 423 => "Locked", 424 => "Failed Dependency", 424 => "Method Failure", 425 => "Unordered Collection", 426 => "Upgrade Required", 428 => "Precondition Required", 429 => "Too Many Requests", 431 => "Request Header Fields Too Large", 444 => "No Response", 449 => "Retry With", 450 => "Blocked by Windows Parental Controls", 451 => "Unavailable For Legal Reasons", 494 => "Request Header Too Large", 495 => "Cert Error", 496 => "No Cert", 497 => "HTTP to HTTPS", 499 => "Client Closed Request", 500 => "Internal Server Error", 501 => "Not Implemented", 502 => "Bad Gateway", 503 => "Service Unavailable", 504 => "Gateway Timeout", 505 => "HTTP Version Not Supported", 506 => "Variant Also Negotiates", 507 => "Insufficient Storage", 508 => "Loop Detected", 509 => "Bandwidth Limit Exceeded", 510 => "Not Extended", 511 => "Network Authentication Required", 598 => "Network read timeout error", 599 => "Network connect timeout error");
?>

Source: Wikipedia "List_of_HTTP_status_codes"
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7
Anonymous
3 years ago
If you don't have PHP 5.4 and want to change the returned status code, you can simply write:
<?php
header
(':', true, $statusCode);
?>

The ':' are mandatory, or it won't work
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-1
zweibieren at yahoo dot com
3 months ago
The limited list given by Stefan W is out of date. I have just tested 301 and 302 and both work.
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