Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers on Sun Solaris
This section contains notes and hints specific to Sun Java System Web Server,
Sun ONE Web Server, iPlanet and Netscape server installs of PHP on Sun Solaris.
From PHP 4.3.3 on you can use PHP scripts with the
NSAPI module to
generate custom directory
listings and error pages. Additional functions for Apache
compatibility are also available. For support in current web servers read
the note about subrequests.
You can find more information about setting up PHP for the Netscape
Enterprise Server (NES) here:
To build PHP with Sun JSWS/Sun ONE WS/iPlanet/Netscape web servers,
enter the proper install directory for the
option. The default directory is usually
Please also read /php-xxx-version/sapi/nsapi/nsapi-readme.txt.
Install the following packages from »
http://www.sunfreeware.com/ or another download site:
mysql-3.23.24-beta (if you want mysql support)
- tar-1.13 (GNU tar)
Make sure your path includes the proper directories
and make it available to your system
gunzip php-x.x.x.tar.gz (if you have a .gz dist,
otherwise go to 4).
tar xvf php-x.x.x.tar
Change to your extracted PHP directory:
For the following step, make sure
where your netscape server is installed. Otherwise, change to the
correct path and run:
./configure --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
Run make followed by make install.
After performing the base install and reading the appropriate readme file,
you may need to perform some additional configuration steps.
Configuration Instructions for Sun/iPlanet/Netscape
Firstly you may need to add some paths to the LD_LIBRARY_PATH
environment for the server to find all the shared libs. This can best done
in the start script for your web server. The start script is often located
You may also need to edit the configuration files that are
located in: /path/to/server/https-servername/config/.
Add the following line to mime.types (you can do
that by the administration server):
Edit magnus.conf (for servers >= 6) or
obj.conf (for servers < 6) and add the following,
shlib will vary depending on your system, it will be something like
/opt/netscape/suitespot/bin/libphp4.so. You should
place the following lines after mime types init.
(PHP >= 4.3.3) The php_ini parameter is
optional but with it you can place your php.ini in your
web server config directory.
Init fn="load-modules" funcs="php4_init,php4_execute,php4_auth_trans" shlib="/opt/netscape/suitespot/bin/libphp4.so"
Init fn="php4_init" LateInit="yes" errorString="Failed to initialize PHP!" [php_ini="/path/to/php.ini"]
Configure the default object in obj.conf
(for virtual server classes [version 6.0+] in
(PHP >= 4.3.3) As additional parameters you can add some special
php.ini-values, for example you can set a
to the context php4_execute is called. For boolean
ini-keys please use 0/1 as value, not
(this will not work correctly), e.g.
zlib.output_compression=1 instead of
.#NOTE this next line should happen after all 'ObjectType' and before all 'AddLog' lines
Service fn="php4_execute" type="magnus-internal/x-httpd-php" [inikey=value inikey=value ...]
This is only needed if you want to configure a directory that only consists of
PHP scripts (same like a cgi-bin directory):
After that you can configure a directory in the Administration server and assign it
the style x-httpd-php. All files in it will get executed as PHP.
This is nice to hide PHP usage by renaming files to .html.
ObjectType fn="force-type" type="magnus-internal/x-httpd-php"
Service fn=php4_execute [inikey=value inikey=value ...]
Setup of authentication: PHP authentication cannot be used with any
other authentication. ALL AUTHENTICATION IS PASSED TO YOUR PHP SCRIPT.
To configure PHP Authentication for the entire server, add the
following line to your default object:
To use PHP Authentication on a single directory, add the following:
The stacksize that PHP uses depends on the configuration of the web server. If you get
crashes with very large PHP scripts, it is recommended to raise it with the Admin Server
(in the section "MAGNUS EDITOR").
CGI environment and recommended modifications in php.ini
Important when writing PHP scripts is the fact that Sun JSWS/Sun ONE
WS/iPlanet/Netscape is a multithreaded web server. Because of that all
requests are running in the same process space (the space of the web server
itself) and this space has only one environment. If you want to get CGI
variables like PATH_INFO, HTTP_HOST
etc. it is not the correct way to try this in the old PHP way with
getenv() or a similar way (register globals to
environment, $_ENV). You would only get the environment
of the running web server without any valid CGI variables!
Why are there (invalid) CGI variables in the environment?
Answer: This is because you started the web server process from the admin server
which runs the startup script of the web server, you wanted to start, as a CGI script
(a CGI script inside of the admin server!). This is why the environment of
the started web server has some CGI environment variables in it. You can test
this by starting the web server not from the administration server. Use
the command line as root user and start it manually - you will see
there are no CGI-like environment variables.
Simply change your scripts to get CGI variables in the correct way for
PHP 4.x by using the superglobal $_SERVER. If you have
older scripts which use $HTTP_HOST, etc., you should turn
on register_globals in php.ini and change the variable
order too (important: remove "E" from it,
because you do not need the environment here):
variables_order = "GPCS"
register_globals = On
Special use for error pages or self-made directory listings (PHP >= 4.3.3)
You can use PHP to generate the error pages for "404 Not Found"
or similar. Add the following line to the object in obj.conf for
every error page you want to overwrite:
Error fn="php4_execute" code=XXX script="/path/to/script.php" [inikey=value inikey=value...]
is the HTTP error code. Please delete
any other Error
directives which could interfere with yours.
If you want to place a page for all errors that could exist, leave
parameter out. Your script can get the HTTP status code
Another possibility is to generate self-made directory listings.
Just create a PHP script which displays a directory listing and
replace the corresponding default Service line for
in obj.conf with the following:
Service fn="php4_execute" type="magnus-internal/directory" script="/path/to/script.php" [inikey=value inikey=value...]
For both error and directory listing pages the original URI and
translated URI are in the variables $_SERVER['PATH_INFO']
Note about nsapi_virtual() and subrequests (PHP >= 4.3.3)
The NSAPI module now supports the nsapi_virtual() function
to make subrequests on the web server and insert the result in the web page.
This function uses some undocumented features from the NSAPI library.
On Unix the module automatically looks for the needed functions and uses
them if available. If not, nsapi_virtual() is disabled.
But be warned: Support for nsapi_virtual() is EXPERIMENTAL!!!