(PECL mongo >=0.9.2)

MongoCollection::groupPerforms an operation similar to SQL's GROUP BY command


public array MongoCollection::group ( mixed $keys , array $initial , MongoCode $reduce [, array $options = array() ] )



Fields to group by. If an array or non-code object is passed, it will be the key used to group results.

1.0.4+: If keys is an instance of MongoCode, keys will be treated as a function that returns the key to group by (see the "Passing a keys function" example below).


Initial value of the aggregation counter object.


A function that takes two arguments (the current document and the aggregation to this point) and does the aggregation.


Optional parameters to the group command. Valid options include:

  • "condition"

    Criteria for including a document in the aggregation.

  • "finalize"

    Function called once per unique key that takes the final output of the reduce function.

  • "maxTimeMS"

    Specifies a cumulative time limit in milliseconds for processing the operation (does not include idle time). If the operation is not completed within the timeout period, a MongoExecutionTimeoutException will be thrown.


Returns an array containing the result.


Version Beschreibung
1.5.0 Added "maxTimeMS" option.
1.2.11 Emits E_DEPRECATED when options is scalar.


Beispiel #1 MongoCollection::group() example

This groups documents by category and creates a list of names within that category.


->insert(array("category" => "fruit""name" => "apple"));
$collection->insert(array("category" => "fruit""name" => "peach"));
$collection->insert(array("category" => "fruit""name" => "banana"));
$collection->insert(array("category" => "veggie""name" => "corn"));
$collection->insert(array("category" => "veggie""name" => "broccoli"));

$keys = array("category" => 1);

$initial = array("items" => array());

$reduce "function (obj, prev) { prev.items.push(; }";

$g $collection->group($keys$initial$reduce);



Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt eine ähnliche Ausgabe wie:


Beispiel #2 MongoCollection::group() example

This example doesn't use any key, so every document will be its own group. It also uses a condition: only documents that match this condition will be processed by the grouping function.


->save(array("a" => 2));
$collection->save(array("b" => 5));
$collection->save(array("a" => 1));

// use all fields
$keys = array();

// set intial values
$initial = array("count" => 0);

// JavaScript function to perform
$reduce "function (obj, prev) { prev.count++; }";

// only use documents where the "a" field is greater than 1
$condition = array('condition' => array("a" => array( '$gt' => 1)));

$g $collection->group($keys$initial$reduce$condition);



Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt eine ähnliche Ausgabe wie:

array(4) {
  array(1) {
    array(1) {

Beispiel #3 Passing a keys function

If you want to group by something other than a field name, you can pass a function as the first parameter of MongoCollection::group() and it will be run against each document. The return value of the function will be used as its grouping value.

This example demonstrates grouping by the num field modulo 4.


->group(new MongoCode('function(doc) { return {mod : doc.num % 4}; }'),
"count" => 0),
MongoCode('function(current, total) { total.count++; }'));

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

nick at pitchinteractive dot com
5 years ago
Here's my code to do an equivalent of a GROUP BY and a SUM

= $db->customers->contribution;
$group = $contributionCol->group(array('date' => true), array('sum' => 0), "function (obj, prev) { prev['sum'] += obj.amount; }");

This groups by the 'date' column and sums over the 'amount' column. In my testing this was much slower than querying all rows and doing the Group by code with PHP. It could just be my particular setup and data set.

Also at first my amount column was a string, which caused the results to be concatenated rather than arithmetic addition, something else to watch out for.

[red.: Instead of this, please use the new aggregation framework. See the documentation for MongoCollection::aggregate]
ronan dot guilloux at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Since the $options argument is no longer a scalar (deprecated since the 1.2.11 version of the Mongo's PHP driver), you now must compose your $options as an associative array, otherwise you'll rise a "Implicitly passing condition as $options will be removed in the future" alert.



= new Mongo();
$db = $m->selectDB('test');
$collection = new MongoCollection($db, 'FooBar');

// grouping results by categories, where foo is 'bar'
$keys = array('categorie'=>true, 'foo'=>true); // the fields list we want to return
$initial = array('count' => 0); // gets a subtotal for each categorie
$reduce = "function(obj,prev) { prev.count += 1; }"; // yes, this is js code
$conditions = array('foo'=> 'bar');
$grouped = $myColl::group($keys, $initial, $reduce, array('condition'=>$conditions));
$result = $grouped['retval'];

ury dot zend at gmail dot com
2 years ago
quoting Evgeniy Abduzhapparov example for correction, since is not working on newest php mongo driver version

instead of use:
= array('tags'=>array(), 'count'=>0);
for var tags,
you have to cast the empty array to an object or use new stdClass()
= array('tags'=> (object) array(), 'count'=>0);

$initial = array('tags'=> new stdClass(), 'count'=>0);
Evgeniy Abduzhapparov
6 years ago
Here I am posting how I get tags from my documents. Documents should have 'tags' field which is array of strings:
{'tags':['php', 'mongo']}
= array();
$initial = array('tags'=>array(), 'count'=>0);
$reduce = 'function (doc, total) { if (doc.tags.length) {doc.tags.forEach(function (e) {total.tags[e]=total.tags[e]||0; total.tags[e]++; total.count++;});} }';
$criteria = array(
'condition' => array(
'tags' => array('$exists'=>true)
To Top