IMHO, there's a better way to handle the deletion of lob objects than the suggested here. The programmer can easily forget to unlink the lob. With the following trigger, no programmer actions are required.
By the way, one problem with bytea fields is that when you query the database, if you ask for that field, the data is actually retrieved. When you query for and oid, only the oid is retrieved and then you can open the lob whenever you want (if it's required).
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION oidtable_after_update_delete()
RETURNS "trigger" AS
IF (TG_OP = 'UPDATE') THEN
IF (OLD.oidfield = NEW.oidfield) OR (OLD.oidfield IS NULL) THEN
IF (EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM pg_largeobject WHERE loid = OLD.oidfield)) THEN
PERFORM LO_UNLINK (OLD.oidfield);
LANGUAGE 'plpgsql' VOLATILE;
CREATE TRIGGER oidtable_after_update_delete
AFTER UPDATE OR DELETE
FOR EACH ROW
EXECUTE PROCEDURE oidtable_after_update_delete();
(PHP 5 >= 5.1.2, PECL pdo_pgsql >= 1.0.2)
PDO::pgsqlLOBCreate — Creates a new large object
PDO::pgsqlLOBCreate() creates a large object and returns the OID of that object. You may then open a stream on the object using PDO::pgsqlLOBOpen() to read or write data to it. The OID can be stored in columns of type OID and be used to reference the large object, without causing the row to grow arbitrarily large. The large object will continue to live in the database until it is removed by calling PDO::pgsqlLOBUnlink().
Large objects can be up to 2GB in size, but are cumbersome to use; you need to ensure that PDO::pgsqlLOBUnlink() is called prior to deleting the last row that references its OID from your database. In addition, large objects have no access controls. As an alternative, try the bytea column type; recent versions of PostgreSQL allow bytea columns of up to 1GB in size and transparently manage the storage for optimal row size.
Note: This function must be called within a transaction.
PDO::pgsqlLOBCreate() takes no parameters.
Returns the OID of the newly created large object on success, or
Example #1 A PDO::pgsqlLOBCreate() example
This example creates a new large object and copies the contents of a file into it. The OID is then stored into a table.
$db = new PDO('pgsql:dbname=test host=localhost', $user, $pass);
$oid = $db->pgsqlLOBCreate();
$stream = $db->pgsqlLOBOpen($oid, 'w');
$local = fopen($filename, 'rb');
$local = null;
$stream = null;
$stmt = $db->prepare("INSERT INTO BLOBS (ident, oid) VALUES (?, ?)");