gmp_gcd

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

gmp_gcdCalcule le GCD

Description

GMP gmp_gcd ( GMP $a , GMP $b )

Calcule le PGCD (plus grand commun diviseur) de a et b. Le résultat est toujours positif, même si l'un des deux (ou les deux) nombres est négatif.

Liste de paramètres

a

Il peut être soit une ressource GMP en PHP 5.5 et antérieurs, soit un objet GMP en PHP 5.6 et suivants, soit une chaîne numérique qu'il est possible de convertir plus tard en un nombre.

b

Il peut être soit une ressource GMP en PHP 5.5 et antérieurs, soit un objet GMP en PHP 5.6 et suivants, soit une chaîne numérique qu'il est possible de convertir plus tard en un nombre.

Valeurs de retour

Un nombre positif GMP qui se divise avec a et b.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec gmp_gcd()

<?php
$gcd 
gmp_gcd("12""21");
echo 
gmp_strval($gcd) . "\n";
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

3

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

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9
bigkm1 at gmail dot com
11 years ago
here is an elegant recursive solution
<?php   

function gcd($a,$b) {
    return (
$a % $b) ? gcd($b,$a % $b) : $b;
}

?>
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5
Ludwig Heymbeeck
14 years ago
The following function is more accurate:

function GCD($num1, $num2) {
/* finds the greatest common factor between two numbers */
   while ($num2 != 0){
     $t = $num1 % $num2;
     $num1 = $num2;
     $num2 = $t;
   }
   return $num1;
}
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3
sean__remove__ at eternalrise_r_emove__ dot com
9 years ago
Here's my solution for getting the GCD of several numbers.

<?php

/*
* function gcd()
*
* returns greatest common divisor
* between two numbers
* tested against gmp_gcd()
*/
function gcd($a, $b)
{
    if (
$a == 0 || $b == 0)
        return
abs( max(abs($a), abs($b)) );
       
   
$r = $a % $b;
    return (
$r != 0) ?
       
gcd($b, $r) :
       
abs($b);
}

/*
* function gcd_array()
*
* gets greatest common divisor among
* an array of numbers
*/
function gcd_array($array, $a = 0)
{
   
$b = array_pop($array);
    return (
$b === null) ?
        (int)
$a :
       
gcd_array($array, gcd($a, $b));
}

?>
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0
delboy1978uk at gmail dot com
25 days ago
I wanted this functionality without having to install the extension.

So here's a script I wrote to find out the greatest common denominator:

<?php

// Our fraction, 3/12, could be written better
$numerator = 3;
$denominator = 12;

/**
* @param int $num
* @return array The common factors of $num
*/
function getFactors($num)
{
   
$factors = [];
   
// get factors of the numerator
   
for ($x = 1; $x <= $num; $x ++) {
        if (
$num % $x == 0) {
           
$factors[] = $x;
        }
    }
    return
$factors;
}

/**
* @param int $x
* @param int $y
*/
function getGreatestCommonDenominator($x, $y)
{
   
// first get the common denominators of both numerator and denominator
   
$factorsX = getFactors($x);
   
$factorsY = getFactors($y);
   
   
// common denominators will be in both arrays, so get the intersect
   
$commonDenominators = array_intersect($factorsX, $factorsY);
   
   
// greatest common denominator is the highest number (last in the array)
   
$gcd = array_pop($commonDenominators);
    return
$gcd;
}

// divide the numerator and denomiator by the gcd to get our refactored fraction
$gcd = getGreatestCommonDenominator($numerator, $denominator);
echo (
$numerator / $gcd) .'/'. ($denominator / $gcd); // we can use divide (/) because we know result is an int :-)

Which you can see running here https://3v4l.org/uTucY
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0
limas at kultur-online dot at
9 years ago
The previous function returns just 1 under php 5.2.4  but the following seems to work (m>0,n>0):

function gcd($m,$n)
{
    $_m=$m;$r=1;
    if($m<$n){$t=$m;$m=$n;$n=$t;}   
    while($r)
    {
        $r=(floor($m/$n)*$n)-$m;     
        $_n=$n;$n=$r;$m=$_m;
    }    
    return abs($_n);
}
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-1
scr02001 at student dot mdh dot se
14 years ago
If you do not consier a or b as possible negative numbers, a GCD funktion may return a negative GCD, wich is NOT a greatest common divisor, therefore a funktion like this may be better. This considers the simplyfying of (-3)-(-6) where gcd on -3 and -6 would result in 3, not -3 as with the other function. (-3)-(-6) is (-1)-(-2) NOT (1)-(2)

function eGCD($a,$b){
  if($a < 0)         $a=0-$a;
  if($b < 0 )        $b=0-$b;
  if($a == 0 || $b == 0)    return 1;
  if($a == $b)              return a;
 
do{
  $rest=(int) $a % $b;  $a=$b; $b=$rest;
  }while($rest >0);
return $a;
}
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-5
x-empt-php dot net at ispep dot cx
15 years ago
No need to compile gmp functions in just for the GCD function...  use this one instead:

function GCD($num1, $num2) {
/* finds the greatest common factor between two numbers */
    if ($num1 < $num2) {
        $t = $num1;
        $num1 = $num2;
        $num2 = $t;
    }
    while ($t = ($num1 % $num2) != 0) {
        $num1 = $num2;
        $num2 = $t;
    }
    return $num2;
}
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