PHP 5.6.0beta1 released

Transliterator::transliterate

transliterator_transliterate

(PHP >= 5.4.0, PECL intl >= 2.0.0)

Transliterator::transliterate -- transliterator_transliterateTransliterate a string

Descrizione

Stile orientato agli oggetti

public string Transliterator::transliterate ( string $subject [, int $start [, int $end ]] )

Stile procedurale

transliterator_transliterate ( mixed $transliterator , string $subject [, int $start [, int $end ]] )

Transforms a string or part thereof using an ICU transliterator.

Elenco dei parametri

transliterator

In the procedural version, either a Transliterator or a string from which a Transliterator can be built.

subject

The string to be transformed.

start

The start index (in UTF-16 code units) from which the string will start to be transformed, inclusive. Indexing starts at 0. The text before will be left as is.

end

The end index (in UTF-16 code units) until which the string will be transformed, exclusive. Indexing starts at 0. The text after will be left as is.

Valori restituiti

The transfomed string on success, o FALSE in caso di fallimento.

Esempi

Example #1 Converting escaped UTF-16 code units

<?php
$s 
"\u304A\u65E9\u3046\u3054\u3056\u3044\u307E\u3059";
echo 
transliterator_transliterate("Hex-Any/Java"$s), "\n";

//now the reverse operation with a supplementary character
$supplChar html_entity_decode('&#x1D11E;');
echo 
mb_strlen($supplChar"UTF-8"), "\n";
$encSupplChar transliterator_transliterate("Any-Hex/Java"$supplChar);
//echoes two encoded UTF-16 code units
echo $encSupplChar"\n";
//and back
echo transliterator_transliterate("Hex-Any/Java"$encSupplChar), "\n";
?>

Il precedente esempio visualizzerà qualcosa simile a:

お早うございます
1
\uD834\uDD1E
𝄞

Vedere anche:

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
6
simonsimcity at gmail dot com
1 year ago
I pretty much like the idea of hdogan, but there's at least one group of characters he's missing: ligature characters.
They're at least used in Norwegian and I read something about French, too ... Some are just used for styling (f.e. fi)

Here's an example that supports all characters (should at least, according to the documentation):
<?php
var_dump
(transliterator_transliterate('Any-Latin; Latin-ASCII; Lower()', "A æ Übérmensch på høyeste nivå! И я люблю PHP! fi"));
// string(41) "a ae ubermensch pa hoyeste niva! i a lublu php! fi"
?>

In this example any character will firstly be converted to a latin character. If that's finished, replace all latin characters by their ASCII replacement.
up
5
hdogan at gmail dot com
1 year ago
You can create slugs easily with:

<?php
function slugify($string) {
   
$string = transliterator_transliterate("Any-Latin; NFD; [:Nonspacing Mark:] Remove; NFC; [:Punctuation:] Remove; Lower();", $string);
   
$string = preg_replace('/[-\s]+/', '-', $string);
    return
trim($string, '-');
}

echo
slugify("Я люблю PHP!");
?>
up
1
jinmoku at hotmail dot com
3 years ago
OOP version :

<?php
$str
= 'àáâãäçèéêëìíîïñòóôõöùúûüýÿ
ÀÁÂÃÄÇÈÉÊËÌÍÎÏÑÒÓÔÕÖÙÚÛÜÝ'
;
$rule = 'NFD; [:Nonspacing Mark:] Remove; NFC';

$myTrans = Transliterator::create($rule);
echo
$myTrans->transliterate($str);
 
//aaaaaceeeeiiiinooooouuuuyy
//AAAAACEEEEIIIINOOOOOUUUUY
?>
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