FastCGI Process Manager (FPM)

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FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) é uma alternativa para a implementação PHP FastCGI com algumas features adicionais (principalmente) usado em sites pesados.

Entre as features estão incluidas:

  • gerenciamento de processos avançado com stop/start;

  • habilidade para começar a trabalhar com uid/gid/chroot/environment diferentes, ouvindo em diferentes portas e últilizando-se de php.ini destintos (troca de safe_mode);

  • stdout e stderr logging;

  • reinício de emergência em caso de destruição acidental de opcode cache;

  • acelera o processo de upload;

  • "slowlog" - os scripts de registro (e não apenas seus nomes, mas o seu PHP backtraces também,         usando ptrace e coisas semelhantes para o processo de leitura remota execute_data) que são executados extraordinariamente lento;

  • fastcgi_finish_request() - função especial para finalizar pedido e liberar todos os dados ao mesmo tempo         continuando a fazer algo demorado (conversão de vídeo, processamento de estatísticas, etc);

  • dinâmico/estático child spawning;

  • informações básicas de estatus do SAPI (similar ao Apache mod_status);

  • php.ini-baseado em arquivos de configurações.

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

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21
robin at robinwinslow dot co dot uk
6 years ago
Init script setup
===

You will probably want to create an init script for your new php-fpm. Fortunately, PHP 5.3.3 provides one for you, which you should copy to your init directory and change permissions:

$ cp <php-5.3.3-source-dir>/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm.in /etc/init.d/php-fpm
$ chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm

It requires a certain amount of setup. First of all, make sure your php-fpm.conf file is set up to  create a PID file when php-fpm starts. E.g.:
----
pid = /var/run/php-fpm.pid
----
(also make sure your php-fpm user has permission to create this file).

Now open up your new init script (/etc/init.d/php-fpm) and set the variables at the top to their relevant values. E.g.:
---
prefix=
exec_prefix=
php_fpm_BIN=/sbin/php-fpm
php_fpm_CONF=/etc/php-fpm.conf
php_fpm_PID=/var/run/php-fpm.pid
---

Your init script is now ready. You should now be able to start, stop and reload php-fpm:

$ /etc/init.d/php-fpm start
$ /etc/init.d/php-fpm stop
$ /etc/init.d/php-fpm reload

The one remaining thing you may wish to do is to add your new php-fpm init script to system start-up. E.g. in CentOS:

$ /sbin/chkconfig php-fpm on

===========

Disclaimer: Although I did just do this on my own server about 20 mins ago, everything I've written here is off the top of my head, so it may not be 100% correct. Also, allow for differences in system setup. Some understanding of what you are doing is assumed.
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11
joel k
6 years ago
the fpm process supports the USER2 signal, which is used to reload the config file.

kill -USR2 [pid]

should do the trick.
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8
kokushibyou at gmail dot com
4 years ago
PHP-FPM is FAST - but be wary of using it while your code base is stored on NFS - under average load your NFS server will feel some serious strain. I have yet to find a work around for this bug: https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=52312
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1
user at NOSPAM dot example dot com
1 month ago
It is important to note that FPM is not built with the windows binaries.  Many of the guides you may find online rely on php-cgi.exe.  Unfortunately they call it FPM but this is incorrect!

The executable php-cgi.exe that is bundled with the windows binaries is a FastCGI interface but it is *not* FPM (Fastcgi Process Manager).  php-cgi.exe does not have multi-threading or concurrent request support, nor support for any of the FPM configuration options.

The only solid information I've gathered into why FPM is not available is a bug report explaining that FPM is built around fork(), which is not natively available on windows (https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=62447).
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6
dreamcat4 at gmail dot com
3 years ago
Doesn't work? Enable logging!

The php-fpm.log file is a great place to fault-find errors and get to the bottom of a problem. But be sure to enable logging for your specific worker pool. Or you won't see anything!

Example:

To enable error logging for the default [www] worker pool, add this line in the [www] section of your php-fpm.conf:

[www]
catch_workers_output = yes
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