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The MongoDB class

(PECL mongo >=0.9.0)

Introdução

Instances of this class are used to interact with a database. To get a database:

Exemplo #1 Selecting a database

<?php

$m 
= new MongoClient(); // connect
$db $m->selectDB("example");

?>
Database names can use almost any character in the ASCII range. However, they cannot contain " ", "." or be the empty string. The name "system" is also reserved.

A few unusual, but valid, database names: "null", "[x,y]", "3", "\"", "/".

Unlike collection names, database names may contain "$".

Sinopse da classe

MongoDB {
/* Constantes */
const int PROFILING_OFF = 0 ;
const int PROFILING_SLOW = 1 ;
const int PROFILING_ON = 2 ;
/* Fields */
public integer $w = 1 ;
public integer $wtimeout = 10000 ;
/* Métodos */
public authenticate ( string $username , string $password ) : array
public command ( array $command [, array $options = array() [, string &$hash ]] ) : array
public __construct ( MongoClient $conn , string $name )
public createCollection ( string $name [, array $options ] ) : MongoCollection
public createDBRef ( string $collection , mixed $document_or_id ) : array
public drop ( void ) : array
public dropCollection ( mixed $coll ) : array
public execute ( mixed $code [, array $args = array() ] ) : array
public forceError ( void ) : bool
public __get ( string $name ) : MongoCollection
public getCollectionInfo ([ array $options = array() ] ) : array
public getCollectionNames ([ array $options = array() ] ) : array
public getDBRef ( array $ref ) : array
public getGridFS ([ string $prefix = "fs" ] ) : MongoGridFS
public getProfilingLevel ( void ) : int
public getReadPreference ( void ) : array
public getSlaveOkay ( void ) : bool
public getWriteConcern ( void ) : array
public lastError ( void ) : array
public listCollections ([ array $options = array() ] ) : array
public prevError ( void ) : array
public repair ([ bool $preserve_cloned_files = FALSE [, bool $backup_original_files = FALSE ]] ) : array
public resetError ( void ) : array
public selectCollection ( string $name ) : MongoCollection
public setProfilingLevel ( int $level ) : int
public setReadPreference ( string $read_preference [, array $tags ] ) : bool
public setSlaveOkay ([ bool $ok = TRUE ] ) : bool
public setWriteConcern ( mixed $w [, int $wtimeout ] ) : bool
public __toString ( void ) : string
}

Constantes pré-definidas

MongoDB Log Levels

MongoDB::PROFILING_OFF
Profiling is off.
MongoDB::PROFILING_SLOW
Profiling is on for slow operations (>100 ms).
MongoDB::PROFILING_ON
Profiling is on for all operations.

Fields

w
1

The number of servers to replicate a change to before returning success. Inherited by instances of MongoCollection derived from this. w functionality is only available in version 1.5.1+ of the MongoDB server and 1.0.8+ of the driver.

w is used whenever you need to adjust the acknowledgement level (MongoCollection::insert(), MongoCollection::update(), MongoCollection::remove(), MongoCollection::save(), and MongoCollection::ensureIndex() all support this option). With the default value (1), an acknowledged operation will return once the database server has the operation. If the server goes down before the operation has been replicated to a secondary, it is possible to lose the operation forever. Thus, you can specify w to be higher than one and guarantee that at least one secondary has the operation before it is considered successful.

For example, if w is 2, the primary and one secondary must have a record of the operation or the driver will throw a MongoCursorException. It is tempting to set w to the total number of secondaries + primary, but then if one secondary is down the operation will fail and an exception will be thrown, so usually w=2 is safest (primary and one secondary).

wtimeout
10000

The number of milliseconds to wait for MongoDB::$w replications to take place. Inherited by instances of MongoCollection derived from this. w functionality is only available in version 1.5.1+ of the MongoDB server and 1.0.8+ of the driver.

Unless wtimeout is set, the server waits forever for replicating to w servers to finish. The driver defaults to waiting for 10 seconds, you can change this value to alter its behavior.

Veja Também

MongoDB core docs on » databases.

Índice

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
6
jeromakay at yahoo dot com
8 years ago
based on what I've read and then applied, you don't have to specifically create a database or table, you just initialize it.

Indeed, files are not being written inside /data/db, but they will the first moment you start adding data.

So, I'm taking as an example Twitter, with no db defined, I'm still going to have the db available if I run this code:

<?php

define
('TWITTER_API_VERSION', 1);

date_default_timezone_set("Europe/Dublin");

try
{
   
$m = new Mongo(); // connect
   
$db = $m->selectDB("example");
}
catch (
MongoConnectionException $e )
{
    echo
'<p>Couldn\'t connect to mongodb, is the "mongo" process running?</p>';
    exit();
}

$updates = file_get_contents( "http://api.twitter.com/". TWITTER_API_VERSION ."/statuses/public_timeline.json" );
$updates = json_decode( $updates );

if (
$updates && is_array( $updates ) && count( $updates ) )
{
    foreach (
$updates as $update )
    {   
       
$db->users->insert( $update );
    }
}

?>

Hope this was helpful!

Good luck!
Vladimir Ghetau
up
-1
careddumattia at gmail dot com
3 years ago
mongo extension is deprecated.

pecl install mongodb
up
-44
m dot espositoii at yahoo dot com
8 years ago
With Mongo it'll automatically create the collection, so just start using it and it'll do the creation itself.

In other words... just use SelectCollection, if it doesn't exist, it will after that so you can drop it.
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