pg_select

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5, PHP 7)

pg_select Select records

Descrierea

pg_select ( resource $connection , string $table_name , array $assoc_array [, int $options = PGSQL_DML_EXEC [, int $result_type = PGSQL_ASSOC ]] ) : mixed

pg_select() selects records specified by assoc_array which has field=>value. For a successful query, it returns an array containing all records and fields that match the condition specified by assoc_array.

If options is specified, pg_convert() is applied to assoc_array with the specified flags.

By default pg_select() passes raw values. Values must be escaped or PGSQL_DML_ESCAPE option must be specified. PGSQL_DML_ESCAPE quotes and escapes parameters/identifiers. Therefore, table/column names became case sensitive.

Note that neither escape nor prepared query can protect LIKE query, JSON, Array, Regex, etc. These parameters should be handled according to their contexts. i.e. Escape/validate values.

Parametri

connection

PostgreSQL database connection resource.

table_name

Name of the table from which to select rows.

assoc_array

An array whose keys are field names in the table table_name, and whose values are the conditions that a row must meet to be retrieved.

options

Any number of PGSQL_CONV_FORCE_NULL, PGSQL_DML_NO_CONV, PGSQL_DML_ESCAPE, PGSQL_DML_EXEC, PGSQL_DML_ASYNC or PGSQL_DML_STRING combined. If PGSQL_DML_STRING is part of the options then query string is returned. When PGSQL_DML_NO_CONV or PGSQL_DML_ESCAPE is set, it does not call pg_convert() internally.

Valorile întoarse

Întoarce valoarea TRUE în cazul succesului sau FALSE în cazul eșecului. Returns string if PGSQL_DML_STRING is passed via options.

Exemple

Example #1 pg_select() example

<?php 
  $db 
pg_connect('dbname=foo');
  
// This is safe somewhat, since all values are escaped.
  // However PostgreSQL supports JSON/Array. These are not
  // safe by neither escape nor prepared query.
  
$rec pg_select($db'post_log'$_POSTPG_DML_ESCAPE);
  if (
$rec) {
      echo 
"Records selected\n";
      
var_dump($rec);
  } else {
      echo 
"User must have sent wrong inputs\n";
  }
?>

Istoricul schimbărilor

Versiune Descriere
7.1.0 The result_type parameter was added.
5.6.0 No longer experimental. Added PGSQL_DML_ESCAPE constant, TRUE/FALSE and NULL data type support.
5.5.3/5.4.19 Direct SQL injection to table_name and Indirect SQL injection to identifiers are fixed.

A se vedea și

  • pg_convert() - Convert associative array values into forms suitable for SQL statements

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