$_REQUEST

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

$_REQUESTHTTP Request variables

Descrierea

An associative array that by default contains the contents of $_GET, $_POST și $_COOKIE.

Note

Notă:

Aceasta este o variabilă 'superglobală', sau globală automată. Aceasta pur și simplu înseamnă că ea este disponibilă în toate circumstanțele pe parcursul script-ului. Nu este nevoie de a scrie global $variable; pentru a o accesa din funcții sau metode.

Notă:

When running on the command line , this will not include the argv and argc entries; these are present in the $_SERVER array.

Notă:

The variables in $_REQUEST are provided to the script via the GET, POST, and COOKIE input mechanisms and therefore could be modified by the remote user and cannot be trusted. The presence and order of variables listed in this array is defined according to the PHP request_order, and variables_order configuration directives.

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

up
170
strata_ranger at hotmail dot com
12 years ago
Don't forget, because $_REQUEST is a different variable than $_GET and $_POST, it is treated as such in PHP -- modifying $_GET or $_POST elements at runtime will not affect the ellements in $_REQUEST, nor vice versa.

e.g:

<?php

$_GET
['foo'] = 'a';
$_POST['bar'] = 'b';
var_dump($_GET); // Element 'foo' is string(1) "a"
var_dump($_POST); // Element 'bar' is string(1) "b"
var_dump($_REQUEST); // Does not contain elements 'foo' or 'bar'

?>

If you want to evaluate $_GET and $_POST variables by a single token without including $_COOKIE in the mix, use  $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] to identify the method used and set up a switch block accordingly, e.g:

<?php

switch($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'])
{
case
'GET': $the_request = &$_GET; break;
case
'POST': $the_request = &$_POST; break;
.
.
// Etc.
.
default:
}
?>
up
6
codeblog.pro
3 months ago
In PHP version 7.0 with the default settings.+, $_REQUEST array does not contain cookies.
up
6
Luke Madhanga
4 years ago
To access $_POST, $_GET, etc, use the function filter_input(TYPE, varname, filter) to ensure that your data is clean.

Also, I was brought up to believe that modifying superglobals is a BAD idea. I stand by this belief and would recommend you do too
up
7
mike o.
10 years ago
The default php.ini on your system as of in PHP 5.3.0 may exclude cookies from $_REQUEST.  The request_order ini directive specifies what goes in the $_REQUEST array; if that does not exist, then the variables_order directive does.  Your distribution's php.ini may exclude cookies by default, so beware.
up
-1
Filomena
3 months ago
Warning:

The way $_REQUEST is populated by default can lead to strange bugs because of the unfortunate default setting of the configuration directive 'variables_order'.

Example: In an e-shop you want to display prices based on user preference. User can either switch the currency or the previous selection is used. By defaut, the following code WILL NOT WORK as expected:

<?php
if ($_REQUEST['currency']) # change currency on user request
{
   
$currency = $_REQUEST['currency']; # use it
   
setcookie('currency', $_REQUEST['currency'], 0, 'eshop.php'); # store it
}
else
# use default currency
{
   
$currency = 'USD';
}

# display shop contents with user selected currency
echo 'All prices are shown in ', $currency;

# let the user switch currency
echo '<a href="eshop.php?currency=USD">Switch to USD</a>';
echo
'<a href="eshop.php?currency=EUR">Switch to EUR</a>';
?>

Regardless of the user choice, the cookie value is used, so unless you change the default 'request_order' or 'variables_order' the $_REQUEST[something] variable is stuck with the cookie value forever regardless of the user 'REQUEST'.

Fix 1:

<?php
ini_set
('request_order', 'CGP'); # use previous value (stored in cookie) or new value upon user request
.
.
.
?>

Fix 2:
Be very careful and patient and go with $_GET, $_POST and $_COOKIE instead of the convenient $_REQUEST. Good luck.
up
-62
John Galt
11 years ago
I wrote a function because I found it inconvenient if I needed to change a particular parameter (get) while preserving the others. For example, I want to make a hyperlink on a web page with the URL http://www.example.com/script.php?id=1&blah=blah+blah&page=1 and change the value of "page" to 2 without getting rid of the other parameters.

<?php
function add_or_change_parameter($parameter, $value)
{
 
$params = array();
 
$output = "?";
 
$firstRun = true;
  foreach(
$_GET as $key=>$val)
  {
   if(
$key != $parameter)
   {
    if(!
$firstRun)
    {
    
$output .= "&";
    }
    else
    {
    
$firstRun = false;
    }
   
$output .= $key."=".urlencode($val);
   }
  }
  if(!
$firstRun)
  
$output .= "&";
 
$output .= $parameter."=".urlencode($value);
  return
htmlentities($output);
}
?>

Now, I can add a hyperlink to the page (http://www.example.com/script.php?id=1&blah=blah+blah&page=1) like this:
<a href="<?php echo add_or_change_parameter("page", "2"); ?>">Click to go to page 2</a>

The above code will output
<a href="?id=1&amp;blah=blah+blah&amp;page=2">Click to go to page 2</a>

Also, if I was setting "page" to a string rather than just "2", the value would be urlencode()'d.
<a href="<?php echo add_or_change_parameter("page", "banana+split!"); ?>">Click to go to page banana split!</a>
would become
<a href="?id=1&amp;blah=blah+blah&amp;page=banana+split%21">Click to go to page banana split!</a>

[EDIT BY danbrown AT php DOT net: Contains a bugfix provided by (theogony AT gmail DOT com), which adds missing `echo` instructions to the HREF tags.]
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