(PHP 5 < 5.0.5)

php_check_syntax 检查PHP的语法(并执行)指定的文件


php_check_syntax ( string $filename [, string &$error_message ] ) : bool

对指定的 filename 进行语法检查,检测脚本的错误。

此函数除了会执行(但不会输出)filename,其他与 命令行中使用php -l 相似。

例如,如果函数在文件 filename 中被定义了,则该函数在执行php_check_syntax()后可用。但是filename输出内容不会被输出。


因为某些技术原因,该函数已被弃用,并且从PHP中移除了。请以commandline使用 php -l somefile.php取而代之。





如果使用了参数 error_message,它会包含语法检测出的错误信息。 error_message引用方式传递。


如果语法检测通过返回 TRUE,未通过或者文件无法打开则返回 FALSE


版本 说明
5.0.5 函数从PHP中移除。
5.0.3 php_check_syntax()之后调用 exit() 会导致一个段错误。
5.0.1 error_message 通过引用传递


php -l somefile.php


PHP Parse error: unexpected T_STRING in /tmp/somefile.php on line 81


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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

kevin at metalaxe dot com
10 years ago
I've given it some thought and rewritten my function to take full advantage of the CLI -l option (that's lower L). It requires that you enable error reporting via your own php.ini file (which you should edit the function to apply) otherwise the return result is a worthless "Error parsing".

Anyway, I hope this is useful for someone. I'm sure it could use improvement, so use at your own risk. Demo here:

*    Check Syntax
*    Performs a Syntax check within a php script, without killing the parser (hopefully)
*    Do not use this with PHP 5 <= PHP 5.0.4, or rename this function.
*    @params    string    PHP to be evaluated
*    @return    array    Parse error info or true for success
function php_check_syntax( $php, $isFile=false )
# Get the string tokens
$tokens = token_get_all( '<?php '.trim( $php  ));
# Drop our manually entered opening tag
array_shift( $tokens );
token_fix( $tokens );

# Check to see how we need to proceed
    # prepare the string for parsing
if( isset( $tokens[0][0] ) && $tokens[0][0] === T_OPEN_TAG )
$evalStr = $php;
$evalStr = "<?php\n{$php}?>";

$isFile OR ( $tf = tempnam( NULL, 'parse-' ) AND file_put_contents( $tf, $php ) !== FALSE ) AND $tf = $php )
# Prevent output
system( 'C:\inetpub\PHP\5.2.6\php -c "'.dirname(__FILE__).'/php.ini" -l < '.$php, $ret );
$output = ob_get_clean();

$ret !== 0 )
# Parse error to report?
if( (bool)preg_match( '/Parse error:\s*syntax error,(.+?)\s+in\s+.+?\s*line\s+(\d+)/', $output, $match ) )
                return array(
'line'    =>    (int)$match[2],
'msg'    =>    $match[1]

//fixes related bugs: 29761, 34782 => token_get_all returns <?php NOT as T_OPEN_TAG
function token_fix( &$tokens ) {
    if (!
is_array($tokens) || (count($tokens)<2)) {
//return of no fixing needed
if (is_array($tokens[0]) && (($tokens[0][0]==T_OPEN_TAG) || ($tokens[0][0]==T_OPEN_TAG_WITH_ECHO)) ) {
$p1 = (is_array($tokens[0])?$tokens[0][1]:$tokens[0]);
$p2 = (is_array($tokens[1])?$tokens[1][1]:$tokens[1]);
$p3 = '';

    if ((
$p1.$p2 == '<?') || ($p1.$p2 == '<%')) {
$type = ($p2=='?')?T_OPEN_TAG:T_OPEN_TAG_WITH_ECHO;
$del = 2;
//update token type for 3rd part?
if (count($tokens)>2) {
$p3 = is_array($tokens[2])?$tokens[2][1]:$tokens[2];
$del = (($p3=='php') || ($p3=='='))?3:2;
$type = ($p3=='=')?T_OPEN_TAG_WITH_ECHO:$type;
//rebuild erroneous token
$temp = array($type, $p1.$p2.$p3);
        if (
version_compare(phpversion(), '5.2.2', '<' )===false)
$temp[] = isset($tokens[0][2])?$tokens[0][2]:'unknown';

$tokens[1] = '';
        if (
$del==3) $tokens[2]='';
$tokens[0] = $temp;
matt dot nospam at pryor dot org dot uk
11 years ago
While developing an app where I have to include PHP files written by a user, I came across the following problem:

I used "php -l somefile.php" to check the syntax of the file I was about to include and if it passed, I would include it - so far so good. But in some test cases, the file I was including would have other includes/requires inside it. If one of these was invalid, then I would still get the parse error that I was trying to avoid.

I got round it using this:

function CheckSyntax($fileName, $checkIncludes = true)
// If it is not a file or we can't read it throw an exception
if(!is_file($fileName) || !is_readable($fileName))
            throw new
Exception("Cannot read file ".$fileName);
// Sort out the formatting of the filename
$fileName = realpath($fileName);
// Get the shell output from the syntax check command
$output = shell_exec('php -l "'.$fileName.'"');
// Try to find the parse error text and chop it off
$syntaxError = preg_replace("/Errors parsing.*$/", "", $output, -1, $count);
// If the error text above was matched, throw an exception containing the syntax error
if($count > 0)
            throw new
// If we are going to check the files includes
GetIncludes($fileName) as $include)
// Check the syntax for each include
// NOTE that any file coming into this function has already passed the syntax check, so
        // we can assume things like proper line terminations
$includes = array();
// Get the directory name of the file so we can prepend it to relative paths
$dir = dirname($fileName);
// Split the contents of $fileName about requires and includes
        // We need to slice off the first element since that is the text up to the first include/require
$requireSplit = array_slice(preg_split('/require|include/i', file_get_contents($fileName)), 1);
// For each match
foreach($requireSplit as $string)
// Substring up to the end of the first line, i.e. the line that the require is on
$string = substr($string, 0, strpos($string, ";"));
// If the line contains a reference to a variable, then we cannot analyse it
            // so skip this iteration
if(strpos($string, "$") !== false)
// Split the string about single and double quotes
$quoteSplit = preg_split('/[\'"]/', $string);
// The value of the include is the second element of the array
            // Putting this in an if statement enforces the presence of '' or "" somewhere in the include
            // includes with any kind of run-time variable in have been excluded earlier
            // this just leaves includes with constants in, which we can't do much about
if($include = $quoteSplit[1])
// If the path is not absolute, add the dir and separator
                // Then call realpath to chop out extra separators
if(strpos($include, ':') === FALSE)
$include = realpath($dir.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$include);
array_push($includes, $include);

This checks as many of the includes inside the file as it possibly can without executing anything.
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