ScotlandPHP

Operator-Rangfolge

Die Operator-Rangfolge legt fest, wie "eng" ein Operator zwei Ausdrücke miteinander verbindet. Zum Beispiel ist das Ergebnis des Ausdruckes 1 + 5 * 3 16 und nicht 18, da der Multiplikations-Operator ("*") in der Rangfolge höher steht als der Additions-Operator ("+"). Wenn nötig, können Sie Klammern setzen, um die Rangfolge der Operatoren zu beeinflussen. Zum Beispiel ergibt: (1 + 5) * 3 18. Ist die Rangfolge der Operatoren gleich, wird links nach rechts Assoziativität benutzt.

Die folgende Tabelle zeigt die Rangfolge der Operatoren, oben steht der Operator mit dem höchsten Rang.

Operator-Rangfolge
Assoziativität Operator
keine Richtung new
links [
rechts ! ~ ++ -- (int) (float) (string) (array) (object) @
links * / %
links + - .
links << >>
keine Richtung < <= > >=
keine Richtung == != === !== <> <=>
links &
links ^
links |
links &&
links ||
rechts ??
links ? :
rechts = += -= *= /= .= %= &= |= ^= <<= >>=
rechts print
links and
links xor
links or
links ,

Hinweis:

Obwohl ! einen höheren Rang gegenüber = hat, erlaubt es Ihnen PHP immer noch ähnliche Ausdrücke wie den folgenden zu schreiben: if (!$a =foo()).In diesem Ausdruck wird die Ausgabe von foo() der Variablen $a zugewiesen.

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

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81
fabmlk
2 years ago
Watch out for the difference of priority between 'and vs &&' or '|| vs or':
<?php
$bool
= true && false;
var_dump($bool); // false, that's expected

$bool = true and false;
var_dump($bool); // true, ouch!
?>
Because 'and/or' have lower priority than '=' but '||/&&' have higher.
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41
Carsten Milkau
5 years ago
Beware the unusual order of bit-wise operators and comparison operators, this has often lead to bugs in my experience. For instance:

<?php if ( $flags & MASK  == 1) do_something(); ?>

will not do what you might expect from other languages. Use

<?php if (($flags & MASK) == 1) do_something(); ?>

in PHP instead.
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2
karlisd at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Sometimes it's easier to understand things in your own examples.
If you want to play around operator precedence and look which tests will be made, you can play around with this:

<?php
function F($v) {echo $v." "; return false;}
function
T($v) {echo $v." "; return true;}

IF (
F(0) || T(1) && F(2)  || F(3)  && ! F(4) ) {
  echo
"true";
} else echo
" false";
?>
Now put in IF arguments f for false and t for true, put in them some ID's. Play out by changing "F" to "T" and vice versa, by keeping your ID the same. See output and you will know which arguments  actualy were checked.
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-1
muhehahe
17 days ago
$item = array_pop($this->stack) && !$this->stop)
// $item = 1

($item = array_pop($this->stack)) && !$this->stop)
// $item = array_pop($this->stack)

Both in while loop pop whole stack or work until stopped, but first one is somehow errorous.
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-1
kitchin
11 months ago
The precedence of '->' is less than '[' in this situation: object contains array, name of array is stored in string variable.
<?php
$farm
= new StdClass;
$farm->emu = array( 'name' => 'Henry', 'age' => 9 );
$farm->rabbit = array( 'name' => 'George', 'age' => 4 );

$animal = 'rabbit';
print_r( $farm->$animal ); // ok
// print( $farm->$animal[ 'name' ] );  // wrong, [ has precedence.
print( $farm->{$animal}[ 'name' ] ); // correct, prints George.

$farm->wash = 'Suds';
$jobs = array( 'morning' => 'feed', 'evening' => 'wash' );
print(
$farm->$jobs[ 'evening' ] ); // correct, prints Suds.
print( $farm->{$jobs[ 'evening' ]} ); // correct, prints Suds.
?>
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-3
headden at karelia dot ru
8 years ago
Although example above already shows it, I'd like to explicitly state that ?: associativity DIFFERS from that of C++. I.e. convenient switch/case-like expressions of the form

$i==1 ? "one" :
$i==2 ? "two" :
$i==3 ? "three" :
"error";

will not work in PHP as expected
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-1
ivan at dilber dot info
5 months ago
<?php
// Another tricky thing here is using && or || with ternary ?:
$x && $y ? $a : $b// ($x && $y) ? $a : $b;

// while:
$x and $y ? $a : $b// $x and ($y ? $a : $b);

?>
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-1
aaronw at catalyst dot net dot nz
2 months ago
If you've come here looking for a full list of PHP operators, take note that the table here is *not* complete. There are some additional operators (or operator-ish punctuation tokens) that are not included here, such as "->", "::", and "...".

For a really comprehensive list, take a look at the "List of Parser Tokens" page: http://php.net/manual/en/tokens.php
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-8
leipie at gmail dot com
4 years ago
The precedence of the arrow operator (->) on objects seems to the highest of all, even higher then clone.

But you can't wrap (clone $foo)->bar() like this!
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-22
Anonymous
2 years ago
The following example will output false
$a = 1;
$b = 1;

$c = $a + $a++;
$d = 1 + $b++;

if($c == $d){
    echo 'true';
}else{
    echo 'false';
}
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-3
ohcc at 163 dot com
2 months ago
Syntax (new Person())->talk(); is supported as of PHP 5.5

<?php
   
class A {
        public
$b = 'B';
        public function
b(){
            return
'Bee';
        }
    }
   
$a = new A;
    new
$a->b();// This means new B() rather than new Bee()
?>
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