International PHP Conference 2015

array_map

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5)

array_mapApplies the callback to the elements of the given arrays

Description

array array_map ( callable $callback , array $array1 [, array $... ] )

array_map() returns an array containing all the elements of array1 after applying the callback function to each one. The number of parameters that the callback function accepts should match the number of arrays passed to the array_map()

Parameters

callback

Callback function to run for each element in each array.

array1

An array to run through the callback function.

...

Variable list of array arguments to run through the callback function.

Return Values

Returns an array containing all the elements of array1 after applying the callback function to each one.

Examples

Example #1 array_map() example

<?php
function cube($n)
{
    return(
$n $n $n);
}

$a = array(12345);
$b array_map("cube"$a);
print_r($b);
?>

This makes $b have:

Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 8
    [2] => 27
    [3] => 64
    [4] => 125
)

Example #2 array_map() using a lambda function (as of PHP 5.3.0)

<?php
$func 
= function($value) {
    return 
$value 2;
};

print_r(array_map($funcrange(15)));
?>
Array
(
    [0] => 2
    [1] => 4
    [2] => 6
    [3] => 8
    [4] => 10
)

Example #3 array_map() - using more arrays

<?php
function show_Spanish($n$m)
{
    return(
"The number $n is called $m in Spanish");
}

function 
map_Spanish($n$m)
{
    return(array(
$n => $m));
}

$a = array(12345);
$b = array("uno""dos""tres""cuatro""cinco");

$c array_map("show_Spanish"$a$b);
print_r($c);

$d array_map("map_Spanish"$a $b);
print_r($d);
?>

The above example will output:

// printout of $c
Array
(
    [0] => The number 1 is called uno in Spanish
    [1] => The number 2 is called dos in Spanish
    [2] => The number 3 is called tres in Spanish
    [3] => The number 4 is called cuatro in Spanish
    [4] => The number 5 is called cinco in Spanish
)

// printout of $d
Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [1] => uno
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [2] => dos
        )

    [2] => Array
        (
            [3] => tres
        )

    [3] => Array
        (
            [4] => cuatro
        )

    [4] => Array
        (
            [5] => cinco
        )

)

Usually when using two or more arrays, they should be of equal length because the callback function is applied in parallel to the corresponding elements. If the arrays are of unequal length, shorter ones will be extended with empty elements to match the length of the longest.

An interesting use of this function is to construct an array of arrays, which can be easily performed by using NULL as the name of the callback function

Example #4 Creating an array of arrays

<?php
$a 
= array(12345);
$b = array("one""two""three""four""five");
$c = array("uno""dos""tres""cuatro""cinco");

$d array_map(null$a$b$c);
print_r($d);
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [0] => 1
            [1] => one
            [2] => uno
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [0] => 2
            [1] => two
            [2] => dos
        )

    [2] => Array
        (
            [0] => 3
            [1] => three
            [2] => tres
        )

    [3] => Array
        (
            [0] => 4
            [1] => four
            [2] => cuatro
        )

    [4] => Array
        (
            [0] => 5
            [1] => five
            [2] => cinco
        )

)

If the array argument contains string keys then the returned array will contain string keys if and only if exactly one array is passed. If more than one argument is passed then the returned array always has integer keys.

Example #5 array_map() - with string keys

<?php
$arr 
= array("stringkey" => "value");
function 
cb1($a) {
    return array (
$a);
}
function 
cb2($a$b) {
    return array (
$a$b);
}
var_dump(array_map("cb1"$arr));
var_dump(array_map("cb2"$arr$arr));
var_dump(array_map(null,  $arr));
var_dump(array_map(null$arr$arr));
?>

The above example will output:

array(1) {
  ["stringkey"]=>
  array(1) {
    [0]=>
    string(5) "value"
  }
}
array(1) {
  [0]=>
  array(2) {
    [0]=>
    string(5) "value"
    [1]=>
    string(5) "value"
  }
}
array(1) {
  ["stringkey"]=>
  string(5) "value"
}
array(1) {
  [0]=>
  array(2) {
    [0]=>
    string(5) "value"
    [1]=>
    string(5) "value"
  }
}

See Also

  • array_filter() - Filters elements of an array using a callback function
  • array_reduce() - Iteratively reduce the array to a single value using a callback function
  • array_walk() - Apply a user supplied function to every member of an array
  • information about the callback type

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