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array_key_exists

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.7, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

array_key_existsChecks if the given key or index exists in the array

Description

array_key_exists(string|int|float|bool|resource|null $key, array $array): bool

array_key_exists() returns true if the given key is set in the array. key can be any value possible for an array index.

Parameters

key

Value to check.

array

An array with keys to check.

Return Values

Returns true on success or false on failure.

Note:

array_key_exists() will search for the keys in the first dimension only. Nested keys in multidimensional arrays will not be found.

Changelog

Version Description
8.0.0 The key parameter now accepts bool, float, int, null, resource, and string as arguments.

Examples

Example #1 array_key_exists() example

<?php
$search_array
= array('first' => 1, 'second' => 4);
if (
array_key_exists('first', $search_array)) {
echo
"The 'first' element is in the array";
}
?>

Example #2 array_key_exists() vs isset()

isset() does not return true for array keys that correspond to a null value, while array_key_exists() does.

<?php
$search_array
= array('first' => null, 'second' => 4);

// returns false
isset($search_array['first']);

// returns true
array_key_exists('first', $search_array);
?>

Notes

Note:

For backward compatibility reasons, array_key_exists() will also return true if key is a property defined within an object given as array. This behaviour is deprecated as of PHP 7.4.0, and removed as of PHP 8.0.0.

To check whether a property exists in an object, property_exists() should be used.

See Also

  • isset() - Determine if a variable is declared and is different than null
  • array_keys() - Return all the keys or a subset of the keys of an array
  • in_array() - Checks if a value exists in an array
  • property_exists() - Checks if the object or class has a property

add a note

User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
12
Julian
11 months ago
When you want to check multiple array keys:

<?php

$array
= [];
$array['a'] = '';
$array['b'] = '';
$array['c'] = '';
$array['d'] = '';
$array['e'] = '';

// all given keys a,b,c exists in the supplied array
var_dump(array_keys_exists(['a','b','c'], $array)); // bool(true)

function array_keys_exists(array $keys, array $array): bool
{
$diff = array_diff_key(array_flip($keys), $array);
return
count($diff) === 0;
}
up
4
Rumour
7 months ago
In PHP7+ to find if a value is set in a multidimensional array with a fixed number of dimensions, simply use the Null Coalescing Operator: ??

So for a three dimensional array where you are not sure about any of the keys actually existing

<?php

// instead of:
$exists = array_key_exists($key1, $arr) && array_key_exists($key2, $arr[$key1]) && array_key_exists($key3, $arr[$key1][$key2]) ;

// use:
$exists = array_key_exists($key3, $arr[$key1][$key2]??[]) ;

?>
up
-41
manhon824 at gmail dot com
12 years ago
I took hours for me to debug, and I finally recognized that,

You have to reset the $array before using array_key_exists
reset($array);
array_key_exists($needle,$array);

Or you will get no reply.
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