International PHP Conference Berlin 2021

SNMP::walk

(PHP 5 >= 5.4.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

SNMP::walkFetch SNMP object subtree

Descripción

public SNMP::walk ( array|string $objectId , bool $suffixAsKey = false , int $maxRepetitions = -1 , int $nonRepeaters = -1 ) : array|bool

SNMP::walk() is used to read SNMP subtree rooted at specified objectId.

Parámetros

objectId

Root of subtree to be fetched

suffixAsKey

By default full OID notation is used for keys in output array. If set to true subtree prefix will be removed from keys leaving only suffix of object_id.

nonRepeaters

This specifies the number of supplied variables that should not be iterated over. The default is to use this value from SNMP object.

maxRepetitions

This specifies the maximum number of iterations over the repeating variables. The default is to use this value from SNMP object.

Valores devueltos

Returns an associative array of the SNMP object ids and their values on success or false on error. When a SNMP error occures SNMP::getErrno() and SNMP::getError() can be used for retrieving error number (specific to SNMP extension, see class constants) and error message respectively.

Errores/Excepciones

Este método no lanza ninguna excepción de manera predeterminada. Para poder lanzar una excepción SNMPException cuando ocurre alguno de los errores de la biblioteca el parámetro exceptions_enabled de la clase SNMP se debería establecer al valor correspondiente. Véase la explicación de SNMP::$exceptions_enabled para más detalles.

Ejemplos

Ejemplo #1 SNMP::walk() example

<?php
  $session 
= new SNMP(SNMP::VERSION_1"127.0.0.1""public");
  
$fulltree $session->walk(".");
  
print_r($fulltree);
  
$session->close();
?>

El resultado del ejemplo sería algo similar a:

Array
(
    [SNMPv2-MIB::sysDescr.0] => STRING: Test server
    [SNMPv2-MIB::sysObjectID.0] => OID: NET-SNMP-MIB::netSnmpAgentOIDs.8
    [DISMAN-EVENT-MIB::sysUpTimeInstance] => Timeticks: (1150681750) 133 days, 4:20:17.50
    [SNMPv2-MIB::sysContact.0] => STRING: Nobody
    [SNMPv2-MIB::sysName.0] => STRING: server.localdomain
    ...
)

Ejemplo #2 suffixAsKey example

suffixAsKey may be used when merging multiple SNMP subtrees into one. This example maps interface names to their type.

<?php
  $session 
= new SNMP(SNMP::VERSION_1"127.0.0.1""public");
  
$session->valueretrieval SNMP_VALUE_PLAIN;
  
$ifDescr $session->walk(".1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.2"TRUE);
  
$session->valueretrieval SNMP_VALUE_LIBRARY;
  
$ifType $session->walk(".1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.3"TRUE);
  
print_r($ifDescr);
  
print_r($ifType);
  
$result = array();
  foreach(
$ifDescr as $i => $n) {
    
$result[$n] = $ifType[$i];
  }
  
print_r($result);
?>

El resultado del ejemplo sería algo similar a:

Array
(
    [1] => igb0
    [2] => igb1
    [3] => ipfw0
    [4] => lo0
    [5] => lagg0
)
Array
(
    [1] => INTEGER: ieee8023adLag(161)
    [2] => INTEGER: ieee8023adLag(161)
    [3] => INTEGER: ethernetCsmacd(6)
    [4] => INTEGER: softwareLoopback(24)
    [5] => INTEGER: ethernetCsmacd(6)
)
Array
(
    [igb0] => INTEGER: ieee8023adLag(161)
    [igb1] => INTEGER: ieee8023adLag(161)
    [ipfw0] => INTEGER: ethernetCsmacd(6)
    [lo0] => INTEGER: softwareLoopback(24)
    [lagg0] => INTEGER: ethernetCsmacd(6)
)

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