PHP 8.0.24 Released!

Filtros de Sanitize (Limpeza)

Lista de filtros para sanitização (Limpeza)
ID Nome Flags Descrição
FILTER_SANITIZE_EMAIL "email"   Remova todos os caracteres, exceto letras, dígitos e !#$%&'*+-=?^_`{|}~@.[].
FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED "encoded" FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_BACKTICK, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH URL-encode string, opcionalmente tira ou codifica caracteres especiais.
FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES "magic_quotes"   Aplica addslashes() (OBSOLETO no PHP 7.3.0 e REMOVIDO no PHP 8.0.0, utilize FILTER_SANITIZE_ADD_SLASHES).
FILTER_SANITIZE_ADD_SLASHES "add_slashes"   Aplica addslashes(). (A partir do PHP 7.3.0)
FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT "number_float" FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_FRACTION, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_THOUSAND, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_SCIENTIFIC Remove todos os caracteres, exceto dígitos, +- e opcionalmente .,eE.
FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT "number_int"   Remove todos os caracteres, exceto os dígitos, sinal de mais e menos.
FILTER_SANITIZE_SPECIAL_CHARS "special_chars" FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_BACKTICK, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH Codifica em HTML '"<>& e caracteres com valor ASCII menor que 32, opcionalmente, tira ou codifica outros caracteres especiais.
FILTER_SANITIZE_FULL_SPECIAL_CHARS "full_special_chars" FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES, Equivalente a chamar htmlspecialchars() junto com ENT_QUOTES. Citações de codificação podem ser desabilitadas FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES. Como htmlspecialchars(), este filtro está ciente do default_charset e se uma sequência de bytes for detectada cria um caractere inválido no conjunto de caracteres atual e, em seguida, a cadeia inteira é rejeitada, resultando em uma cadeia de caracteres de comprimento igual a 0. Ao usar esse filtro como um filtro padrão, consulte o aviso abaixo sobre como definir os sinalizadores padrão como 0
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING "string" FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_BACKTICK, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_AMP Remove tags e codifica aspas duplas e simples no estilo HTML, opcionalmente remove ou codifica caracteres HTML especiais. Codificar aspas pode ser desligado ao ativar FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES.
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRIPPED "stripped"   Alias do filtro "string".
FILTER_SANITIZE_URL "url"   Remove todos os caracteres, exceto letras, dígitos e $-_.+!*'(),{}|\\^~[]`<>#%";/?:@&=.
FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW "unsafe_raw" FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_BACKTICK, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_AMP Não faz nada, opcionalmente descasque ou codifique caracteres especiais. este filtro também é alias do FILTER_DEFAULT.

Aviso

Ao usar um desses filtros como um filtro padrão através do seu arquivo ini ou através da configuração do seu servidor web, os sinalizadores padrão são definidos para FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES. Você precisa definir explicitamente filter.default_flags para 0 ter aspas codificadas por padrão. Assim:

Exemplo #1 Configurando o filtro padrão para agir como htmlspecialchars

filter.default = full_special_chars
filter.default_flags = 0

Changelog

Versão Descrição
8.0.0 FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES foi removido.
7.3.0 FILTER_SANITIZE_ADD_SLASHES foi adicionado como substitutivo de FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES
7.3.0 FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES ficou obsoleto.

add a note

User Contributed Notes 15 notes

up
61
Anonymous
6 years ago
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING doesn't behavior the same as strip_tags function.    strip_tags allows less than symbol inferred from context, FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING strips regardless.
<?php
$smaller
= "not a tag < 5";
echo
strip_tags($smaller);    // -> not a tag < 5
echo filter_var ( $smaller, FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING); // -> not a tag
?>
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58
googlybash24 at aol dot com
10 years ago
Remember to trim() the $_POST before your filters are applied:

<?php

// We trim the $_POST data before any spaces get encoded to "%20"

// Trim array values using this function "trim_value"
function trim_value(&$value)
{
   
$value = trim($value);    // this removes whitespace and related characters from the beginning and end of the string
}
array_filter($_POST, 'trim_value');    // the data in $_POST is trimmed

$postfilter =    // set up the filters to be used with the trimmed post array
   
array(
           
'user_tasks'                        =>    array('filter' => FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING, 'flags' => !FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW),    // removes tags. formatting code is encoded -- add nl2br() when displaying
           
'username'                            =>    array('filter' => FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED, 'flags' => FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW),    // we are using this in the url
           
'mod_title'                            =>    array('filter' => FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED, 'flags' => FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW),    // we are using this in the url
       
);

$revised_post_array = filter_var_array($_POST, $postfilter);    // must be referenced via a variable which is now an array that takes the place of $_POST[]
echo (nl2br($revised_post_array['user_tasks']));    //-- use nl2br() upon output like so, for the ['user_tasks'] array value so that the newlines are formatted, since this is our HTML <textarea> field and we want to maintain newlines
?>
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31
Willscrlt
6 years ago
To include multiple flags, simply separate the flags with vertical pipe symbols.

For example, if you want to use filter_var() to sanitize $string with FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING and pass in FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH and FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, just call it like this:

$string = filter_var($string, FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH | FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW);

The same goes for passing a flags field in an options array in the case of using callbacks.

$var = filter_var($string, FILTER_SANITIZE_SPECIAL_CHARS,
array('flags' => FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW | FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH));

Thanks to the Brain Goo blog at popmartian.com/tipsntricks/for this info.
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9
ipse at sergiosantos dot me
1 year ago
Although it's specifically mentioned in the above documentation, because many seem to find this unintuitive it's worth pointing out that FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT will remove the decimal character unless you specify FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_FRACTION:

<?php
$number_string
= '12.34';

echo
filter_var( $number_string, FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT ); // 1234

echo filter_var( $number_string, FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_FRACTION ); // 12.34
?>
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22
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
12 years ago
It's not entirely clear what the LOW and HIGH ranges are. LOW is characters below 32, HIGH is those above 127, i.e. outside the ASCII range.

<?php
$a
= "\tcafé\n";
//This will remove the tab and the line break
echo filter_var($a, FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW);
//This will remove the é.
echo filter_var($a, FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH);
?>
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13
AntonioPrimera
6 years ago
Please be aware that when using filter_var() with FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT and FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT the result will be a string, even if the input value is actually a float or an int.

Use FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT and FILTER_VALIDATE_INT, which will convert the result to the expected type.
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9
galvao at galvao dot eti dot br
9 years ago
Just to clarify, since this may be unknown for a lot of people:

ASCII characters above 127 are known as "Extended" and they represent characters such as greek letters and accented letters in latin alphabets, used in languages such as pt_BR.

A good ASCII quick reference (aside from the already mentioned Wikipedia article) can be found at: http://www.asciicodes.com/
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5
david dot drakulovski at gmail dot com
8 years ago
Here is a simpler and a better presented ASCII list for the <32 or 127> filters
(if wikipedia confused the hell out of you):

http://www.danshort.com/ASCIImap/
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0
darren at daz-web dot com
3 years ago
For those looking for a simple way around filtering POST forms that have textarea elements in them. If you also need tab for example you can extend quite easily.

<?php
//create an array of all relevant textareas
$textareas = array("ta1");

foreach(
$_POST as $k => $v)
    {
       
$v = trim($v);//so we are sure it is whitespace free at both ends
   
        //preserve newline for textarea answers
       
if(in_array($k,$textareas))$v=str_replace("\n","[NEWLINE]",$v);
   
       
//sanitise string
       
$v = filter_var($v, FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW | FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH | FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_BACKTICK);
   
       
//now replace the placeholder with the original newline
       
$_POST[$k] = str_replace("[NEWLINE]","\n",$v);
    }

//simple form for testing submital

?><!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Filter test</title>
</head>

<body>
   
<form action="" method="post">
    <p>
        <textarea name="ta1" cols="30" rows="10"><?php echo $_POST['ta1']; ?></textarea>
    </p>
    <p>
        <input type="text" name="txt1" size="30" value="<?php echo $_POST['txt1']; ?>" />
    </p>
    <p>
        <input type="submit" />   
    </p>
    </form>

</body>
   
</html>
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-5
adellemfrank at hotmail dot com
10 years ago
A good list of which ASCII characters are < 32 and > 127 can be found at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASCII#ASCII_printable_characters
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-5
Rodrigo Guariento
2 years ago
To get ONLY numbers from a string use this code:
    echo preg_replace('/[^0-9]/', '', '123456-789');
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-4
Anonymous
2 years ago
<?php
/*
     filter all ascii and save juste 0-9 a-Z and @ . _
*/

echo alphanum('abcdefghABCDEFGH0123456789/!:;@._');
// return abcdefghABCDEFGH0123456789@._

function alphanum( $string , $x=''){
       
$h=strlen($string);
        for(
$a=0; $a<$h; $a++) {
           
$i = ord($string[$a]);
            if(
                (
$i==46) || // .
               
($i==64) || // @
               
($i==95) || // _
               
($i > 47 && $i < 58) || //0123456789
               
($i > 64 && $i < 91) || //ABCDEFGH..Z
               
($i > 96 && $i < 123)   //abcdefgh..z
            
) { $x .= $string[$a]; }   
        }
        return
$x;
    }

?>
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-6
anonymous
2 years ago
In the "FILTER_SANITIZE_URL" section where it says, "Remove all characters except letters, digits and $-_.+!*'(),{}|\\^~[]`<>#%";/?:@&=." is there a reason why there is a double backslash (\\)? Shouldn't there only be one backslash if it's saying that backslashes are allowed?
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-19
Anonymous
9 years ago
Support for FILTER_SANITIZE_FULL_SPECIAL_CHARS was added from version 5.3.3
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-35
Dmitry Snytkine
11 years ago
Beware that FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW strips NEWLINE and TAG and CARRIAGE RETURN chars. If you have a form that accepts user input in plaintext format, all the submitted text will lose all the line breaks, making it appear all on one line. This basically renders this filter useless for parsing user-submitted text, even in plain text.
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