International PHP Conference Munich 2024

oci_define_by_name

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8, PECL OCI8 >= 1.1.0)

oci_define_by_nameAssociates a PHP variable with a column for query fetches

Descrizione

oci_define_by_name(
    resource $statement,
    string $column,
    mixed &$var,
    int $type = 0
): bool

Associates a PHP variable with a column for query fetches using oci_fetch().

The oci_define_by_name() call must occur before executing oci_execute().

Elenco dei parametri

statement

Un identificativo valido di statement OCI8 creato da oci_parse() e eseguito da oci_execute(), o un identificativo di statement REF CURSOR.

column

The column name used in the query.

Use uppercase for Oracle's default, non-case sensitive column names. Use the exact column name case for case-sensitive column names.

var

The PHP variable that will contain the returned column value.

type

The data type to be returned. Generally not needed. Note that Oracle-style data conversions are not performed. For example, SQLT_INT will be ignored and the returned data type will still be SQLT_CHR.

You can optionally use oci_new_descriptor() to allocate LOB/ROWID/BFILE descriptors.

Valori restituiti

Restituisce true in caso di successo, false in caso di fallimento.

Esempi

Example #1 oci_define_by_name() example

<?php

$conn
= oci_connect('hr', 'welcome', 'localhost/XE');
if (!
$conn) {
$e = oci_error();
trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message'], ENT_QUOTES), E_USER_ERROR);
}

$sql = 'SELECT location_id, city FROM locations WHERE location_id < 1200';
$stid = oci_parse($conn, $sql);

// The defines MUST be done before executing
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'LOCATION_ID', $locid);
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'CITY', $city);

oci_execute($stid);

// Each fetch populates the previously defined variables with the next row's data
while (oci_fetch($stid)) {
echo
"Location id $locid is $city<br>\n";
}

// Displays:
// Location id 1000 is Roma
// Location id 1100 is Venice

oci_free_statement($stid);
oci_close($conn);

?>

Example #2 oci_define_by_name() with case sensitive column names

<?php

/*
Before running, create the table with a case sensitive column name:
CREATE TABLE mytab (id NUMBER, "MyDescription" VARCHAR2(30));
INSERT INTO mytab (id, "MyDescription") values (1, 'Iced Coffee');
COMMIT;
*/

$conn = oci_connect('hr', 'welcome', 'localhost/XE');
if (!
$conn) {
$e = oci_error();
trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message'], ENT_QUOTES), E_USER_ERROR);
}

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'SELECT * FROM mytab');

// Use uppercase for non case-sensitive column names
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'ID', $id);

// Use the exact case for case-sensitive column names
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'MyDescription', $mydesc);

oci_execute($stid);

while (
oci_fetch($stid)) {
echo
"id $id is $mydesc<br>\n";
}

// Displays:
// id 1 is Iced Coffee

oci_free_statement($stid);
oci_close($conn);

?>

Example #3 oci_define_by_name() with LOB columns

<?php

/*
Before running, create the table:
CREATE TABLE mytab (id NUMBER, fruit CLOB);
INSERT INTO mytab (id, fruit) values (1, 'apple');
INSERT INTO mytab (id, fruit) values (2, 'orange');
COMMIT;
*/

$conn = oci_connect('hr', 'welcome', 'localhost/XE');
if (!
$conn) {
$e = oci_error();
trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message'], ENT_QUOTES), E_USER_ERROR);
}

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'SELECT * FROM mytab');

// The defines MUST be done before executing
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'ID', $id);
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'FRUIT', $fruit); // $fruit will become a LOB descriptor

oci_execute($stid);

while (
oci_fetch($stid)) {
echo
$id . " is " . $fruit->load(100) . "<br>\n";
}

// Displays:
// 1 is apple
// 2 is orange

$fruit->free();
oci_free_statement($stid);
oci_close($conn);

?>

Example #4 oci_define_by_name() with an explicit type

<?php

/*
Before running, create the table:
CREATE TABLE mytab (id NUMBER, fruit CLOB);
INSERT INTO mytab (id, fruit) values (1, 'apple');
INSERT INTO mytab (id, fruit) values (2, 'orange');
COMMIT;
*/

$conn = oci_connect('hr', 'welcome', 'localhost/XE');
if (!
$conn) {
$e = oci_error();
trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message'], ENT_QUOTES), E_USER_ERROR);
}

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'SELECT * FROM mytab');

// The defines MUST be done before executing
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'ID', $id);

$fruit = oci_new_descriptor($conn, OCI_D_LOB);
oci_define_by_name($stid, 'FRUIT', $fruit, OCI_D_CLOB);

oci_execute($stid);

while (
oci_fetch($stid)) {
echo
$id . " is " . $fruit->load(100) . "<br>\n";
}

// Displays:
// 1 is apple
// 2 is orange

$fruit->free();
oci_free_statement($stid);
oci_close($conn);

?>

Vedere anche:

add a note

User Contributed Notes

There are no user contributed notes for this page.
To Top