PHP 8.1.0 RC 2 available for testing

hash_equals

(PHP 5 >= 5.6.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

hash_equalsTiming attack safe string comparison

Descrição

hash_equals(string $known_string, string $user_string): bool

Compares two strings using the same time whether they're equal or not.

This function should be used to mitigate timing attacks; for instance, when testing crypt() password hashes.

Parâmetros

known_string

The string of known length to compare against

user_string

The user-supplied string

Valor Retornado

Returns true when the two strings are equal, false otherwise.

Erros

Emits an E_WARNING message when either of the supplied parameters is not a string.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 hash_equals() example

<?php
$expected  
crypt('12345''$2a$07$usesomesillystringforsalt$');
$correct   crypt('12345''$2a$07$usesomesillystringforsalt$');
$incorrect crypt('apple''$2a$07$usesomesillystringforsalt$');

var_dump(hash_equals($expected$correct));
var_dump(hash_equals($expected$incorrect));
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

bool(true)
bool(false)

Notas

Nota:

Both arguments must be of the same length to be compared successfully. When arguments of differing length are supplied, false is returned immediately and the length of the known string may be leaked in case of a timing attack.

Nota:

It is important to provide the user-supplied string as the second parameter, rather than the first.

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