Apache 2.x no Microsoft Windows

Esta seção contém notas e dicas específicas para instalações do Apache 2.x do PHP em sistemas Microsoft Windows.

Nota:

Por favor, leia o manual das etapas de instalação primeiro!.

É altamente recomendável consultar a » Documentação Apache para obter uma compreensão básica do servidor Apache 2.x Considere, também, a leitura das » notas específicas do Windows para Apache 2.x antes de continuar.

Baixa a versão mais recente do » Apache 2.x e uma versão adequada do PHP. Siga os passos do manual de instalação e volte para prosseguir com a integração do PHP e Apache.

Existem três maneiras de configurar o PHP para funcionar com o Apache 2.x no Windows. O PHP pode ser executado como um controlador, como um CGI ou em FastCGI.

Nota: Lembre-se que ao adicionar caminhos nos arquivos de configuração do Apache no Windows, todas as barras invertidas como em c:\diretorio\arquivo.ext devem ser convertidas para barras: c:/diretorio/arquivo.ext. Uma barra final também pode ser necessária para diretórios.

Instalando como um controlador Apache

Para carregar o módulo PHP para Apache 2.x, as seguintes linhas no arquivo de configuração Apache httpd.conf precisam ser inseridas:

Exemplo #1 PHP e Apache 2.x como controlador

# antes do PHP 8.0.0 o nome do módulo era php7_module
LoadModule php_module "c:/php/php8apache2_4.dll"
<FilesMatch \.php$>
    SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
</FilesMatch>
# configure caminho para php.ini
PHPIniDir "C:/php"

Nota: O caminho correto do PHP precisa ser substituído em vez de C:/php/ nos exemplos acima. Certifique-se de que o arquivo referenciado na diretiva LoadModule está no local especificado. Use php7apache2_4.dll para PHP 7, ou php8apache2_4.dll para PHP 8.

Executando PHP como CGI

É altamente recomendável consultar a » documentação Apache CGI para uma compreensão mais completa da execução de CGI no Apache.

Para executar o PHP como CGI, os arquivos php-cgi precisarão ser colocados em um diretório designado como um diretório CGI usando a diretiva ScriptAlias.

Uma linha iniciada com #! precisará ser colocada nos arquivos PHP que apontam para a localização do binário do PHP:

Exemplo #2 PHP e Apache 2.x como CGI

#!C:/php/php.exe
<?php
  phpinfo();
?>

Aviso

Um servidor instalado em modo CGI está aberto a várias vulnerabilidades possíveis. Leia nossa seção de segurança CGI para aprender como se defender de tais ataques.

Executando PHP sobre FastCGI

Executar o PHP no FastCGI tem uma série de vantagens sobre executá-lo como um CGI. Configurá-lo dessa forma é bastante simples:

Baixe mod_fcgid de » https://www.apachelounge.com. Os binários do Win32 estão disponíveis para download neste site. Instale o módulo de acordo com as instruções que o acompanham.

Configure o seu servidor web conforme mostrado abaixo, tendo o cuidado de ajustar quaisquer caminhos para refletir como você instalou em seu sistema específico:

Exemplo #3 Configure o Apache para executar PHP como FastCGI

LoadModule fcgid_module modules/mod_fcgid.so
# Onde está seu arquivo php.ini?
FcgidInitialEnv PHPRC        "c:/php"
<FilesMatch \.php$>
    SetHandler fcgid-script
</FilesMatch>
FcgidWrapper "c:/php/php-cgi.exe" .php
Arquivos com extensão .php agora serão executados pelo interpretador PHP FastCGI.

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User Contributed Notes 8 notes

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41
wolfeh1994 at yahoo dot com
10 years ago
Please for the love of god, download the threaded version. I spent over an hour trying to figure out why php5apache2.dll could not be found, and while desperately looking through manuals I went into the php 5 structure and found that it doesn't exist in the non-threaded version.

This really could use a mention somewhere other than the PHP 5 structure, like the paragraph to the left of the homepage which talks about which PHP version to choose, or this part of the manual which covers Apache... Anywhere but structure, seriously. I would have never guessed to look there.
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1
a user
8 years ago
If you are having issues getting the PHPIniDir or LoadModule directives to work and all the suggestions already given do not help, double-check if you are not using fancy quotes around your paths (‘ ’ “ ”).

This happened to me because I copied the statements from a random website. In my text editor the difference was barely noticeable, but to Apache it certainly is!

For example, this will not work:
PHPIniDir “C:/PHP7”

But this will work:
PHPIniDir "C:/PHP7"
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8
a solution for simpletons like me
12 years ago
Installing Apache and PHP on Windows 7 Home Premium on a Gateway NV75S laptop with a quad AMD A6-3400M

All I need to do with these programs is to test my website out on my laptop. I have HTML and PHP files. I do not need MySQL as I use html5 storage.

Getting and installing Apache

1 In your browser go to h t t p : / / h t t p d . a p a c h e . o r g / d o w n l o a d . c g i
(without the spaces)
2 Click on httpd-2.2.22-win32-x86-no_ssl.msi
(this is a self-installing executable file without crypto ... no Secure Socket Layer)
(2.2.22 was the latest version on April 25, 2012)
3 Click on the httpd-2.2.22-win32-x86-no_ssl.msi file after it downloads
(single click on the file tab in Chrome or double click on the actual file in Downloads)
4 Click Next
5 Click I accept the terms in the license agreement
6 Click Next
7 Click Next
8 Type localhost in the top box
9 Type localhost in the middle box
10 Type admin@localhost.com in the bottom box
11 Click Next
12 Click Next
13 Click Next
14 Click Install and wait
15 Cick Yes to allow the program to make changes
16 Click Finish

Testing Apache

1 Type localhost in your browser location box (I use Chrome) or type h t t p : / / l o c a l h o s t
(without the spaces)
2 The message It works! should appear.

Getting and installing PHP

1 In your browser go to h t t p : / / w i n d o w s . p h p . n e t / d o w n l o a d /
(without the spaces)
2 Click on the Installer link under PHP 5.3 (5.3.10) VC9 x86 Thread Safe
(Ignore the Do NOT use VC9 version with apache.org binaries comment on the side panel)
3 Click on the php-5.3.10-Win32-VC9-x86.msi file after in downloads
(single click on the file tab in Chrome or double click on the actual file in Downloads)
4 Click Next
5 Click I accept the terms in the License Agreement
6 Click Next
7 Click Next
8 Click Apache 2.2.x Module
9 Click Next
10 Click Browse
11 Double click Apache Software Foundation
12 Double click Apache 2.2
13 Double click conf
14 Click OK
15 Click Next
16 Click Next
17 Click Install and wait
18 Cick Yes to allow the program to make changes
19 Click Finish

Testing PHP with Apache

1 Open Notepad
2 Type 'left bracket character'?php phpinfo(); ?'right bracket character'
3 Save the file to C:\Program Files (x86)\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\htdocs as test.php
4 Type localhost/test.php in your browser location box (I use Chrome) or type h t t p : / / l o c a l h o s t / t e s t . p h p
5 A table with title PHP Version ... should appear

DONE
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1
Amaroq
11 years ago
Like someone else mentioned, on the Windows download page for PHP, ignore the warning about not downloading the VC9 compiled installers for the Apache.org version of Apache.

Whoever wrote that is guaranteeing that people install a PHP that breaks their Apache server. (On Windows 7 anyway.) The installer failed to write the correct path info to httpd.conf, and even after fixing that manually, Apache wouldn't start because of missing dlls.

Ignore that dumb warning and get the newest installer anyway. Everything just plain works with no hassle and no hunting down dll files over google.
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1
kynetikmedia at gmail dot com
9 years ago
****Installed and Working 1- Fell Swoop - UPDATED****
Installed on Windows 8.1 XPS 12 - Dell 8GB RAM 128GB SSD -
Notes - Complications due to Apache latest version causes issues with the PHP handler on install. Following below will get it run right off the bat.

Getting and installing Apache

1 In your browser go to h t t p : / / h t t p d . a p a c h e . o r g / d o w n l o a d . c g i
(without the spaces) - You will need to go 'Other Files' , 'Binaries' , 'W32', and then your installer MSI will be listed as below.
2 Click on httpd-2.2.25-win32-x86-no_ssl.msi
(this is a self-installing executable file without crypto ... no Secure Socket Layer)
(2.2.25was the latest version on June 4, 2014)
3 Click on the httpd-2.2.25-win32-x86-no_ssl.msi file after it downloads
(single click on the file tab in Chrome or double click on the actual file in Downloads)
4 Click Next
5 Click I accept the terms in the license agreement
6 Click Next
7 Click Next
8 Type localhost in the top box
9 Type localhost in the middle box
10 Type admin@localhost.com in the bottom box
11 Click Next
12 Click Next
13 Click Next
14 Click Install and wait
15 Cick Yes to allow the program to make changes
16 Click Finish

Testing Apache

1 Type localhost in your browser location box (I use Chrome) or type h t t p : / / l o c a l h o s t
(without the spaces)
2 The message It works! should appear.

Getting and installing PHP

1 In your browser go to h t t p : / / w i n d o w s . p h p . n e t / d o w n l o a d /
(without the spaces)
2 Click on the Installer link under PHP 5.3 (5.3.10) VC9 x86 Thread Safe
(Ignore the Do NOT use VC9 version with apache.org binaries comment on the side panel)
3 Click on the php-5.3.10-Win32-VC9-x86.msi file after in downloads
(single click on the file tab in Chrome or double click on the actual file in Downloads)
4 Click Next
5 Click I accept the terms in the License Agreement
6 Click Next
7 Click Next
8 Click Apache 2.2.x Module
9 Click Next
10 Click Browse
11 Double click Apache Software Foundation
12 Double click Apache 2.2
13 Double click conf
14 Click OK
15 Click Next
16 Click Next
17 Click Install and wait
18 Cick Yes to allow the program to make changes
19 Click Finish

Testing PHP with Apache

1 Open Notepad
2 Type 'left bracket character'?php phpinfo(); ?'right bracket character'
3 Save the file to C:\Program Files (x86)\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\htdocs as test.php
4 Type localhost/test.php in your browser location box (I use Chrome) or type h t t p : / / l o c a l h o s t / t e s t . p h p
5 A table with title PHP Version ... should appear

DONE
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1
Anonymous
14 years ago
If anybody here encounters an error regarding PHPIniDir, change PHPIniDir "C:/php/" to PHPIniDir "C:\php\".
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3
farinspace
13 years ago
Running PHP under FastCGI:

Besides the following in your httpd.conf

LoadModule fcgid_module modules/mod_fcgid.so
FcgidInitialEnv PHPRC "c:/php"
AddHandler fcgid-script .php
FcgidWrapper "c:/php/php-cgi.exe" .php

Remember to add the following to the default <Directory "C:/apache/htdocs"> block (or virtual host blocks):

Options ExecCGI
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0
horica78 at yahoo dot com
3 days ago
This for the fastest architecture of Apache on Windows faster than as module for php

Enable mod_proxy and mod_proxy_fcgi in httpd.conf and run
setx PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN "15" /m
setx PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS "1000" /m
and download
RunHiddenConsole.exe and start php with c:\hidden\RunHiddenConsole.exe C:\PHP\php-cgi.exe -b 127.0.0.1:9000 and set on VirtualHost :
<Files ~ "\.(php|phtml)$">
SetHandler "proxy:fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000#"
ProxyFCGIBackendType GENERIC
ProxyFCGISetEnvIf "true" SCRIPT_FILENAME "C:%{reqenv:SCRIPT_FILENAME}"
</Files>
retar the Apache service and have fun. Cheers from one huge fan of
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