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DOMXPath::evaluate

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

DOMXPath::evaluate Evaluates the given XPath expression and returns a typed result if possible

说明

public DOMXPath::evaluate(string $expression, ?DOMNode $contextNode = null, bool $registerNodeNS = true): mixed

Executes the given XPath expression and returns a typed result if possible.

参数

expression

The XPath expression to execute.

contextNode

The optional contextNode can be specified for doing relative XPath queries. By default, the queries are relative to the root element.

registerNodeNS

Whether to automatically register the in-scope namespace prefixes of the context node to the DOMXPath object. This can be used to avoid needing to call DOMXPath::registerNamespace() manually for each in-scope namespaces. When a namespace prefix conflict exists, only the nearest descendant namespace prefix is registered.

返回值

Returns a typed result if possible or a DOMNodeList containing all nodes matching the given XPath expression.

If the expression is malformed or the contextNode is invalid, DOMXPath::evaluate() returns false.

示例

示例 #1 Getting the count of all the english books

<?php

$doc
= new DOMDocument;

$doc->load('book.xml');

$xpath = new DOMXPath($doc);

$tbody = $doc->getElementsByTagName('tbody')->item(0);

// our query is relative to the tbody node
$query = 'count(row/entry[. = "en"])';

$entries = $xpath->evaluate($query, $tbody);
echo
"There are $entries english books\n";

?>

以上示例会输出:

There are 2 english books

参见

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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
4
daniel at danielnorton dot com
12 years ago
Note that this method does not provide any means to distinguish between a successful result that returns FALSE and an error.

For example, this will succeed and return FALSE:

<?php $xpath->evaluate("1 = 0"); ?>

One workaround when you know you are expecting a Boolean is to wrap the result with string(). e.g.

<?php $xpath->evaluate("string(1 = 0)"); ?>

This will return a string "false" on success, or the Boolean FALSE on error.
up
4
Damien Bezborodov
12 years ago
If your expression returns a node set, you will get a DOMNodeList instead of a typed result. Instead, try modifying your expression from "//node[1]" to "string(//node[1])".
up
4
yuriucsal at NOSPAM dot yahoo dot com dot br
18 years ago
this class can substitute the method evaluate while it is not validated. Made for Yuri Bastos and Jo�o Gilberto Magalh�es.

<?php

class XPtahQuery
{
// function returns a DOMNodeList from a relative xPath
public static function selectNodes($pNode, $xPath)
{

$pos = strpos(self::getFullXpath($pNode),"/",1);
$xPathQuery = substr(self::getFullXpath($pNode),$pos);//to paste /#document[1]/
$xPathQueryFull = $xPathQuery. $xPath;
$domXPath = new DOMXPath($pNode->ownerDocument);
$rNodeList = $domXPath->query($xPathQueryFull);

return
$rNodeList;
}
// function returns a DOMNode from a xPath from other DOMNode
public static function selectSingleNode($pNode, $xPath)
{

$pos = strpos(self::getFullXpath($pNode),"/",1);
$xPathQuery = substr(self::getFullXpath($pNode),$pos);//to paste /#document[1]/
$xPathQueryFull = $xPathQuery. $xPath;
$domXPath = new DOMXPath($pNode->ownerDocument);
$rNode = $domXPath->query($xPathQueryFull)->item(0);

return
$rNode;
}
//utilitaries functions off selectSingleNode
private function getNodePos($pNode, $nodeName)
{
if(
$pNode == null)
{
return
0;
}
else
{
$var = 0;
if (
$pNode->previousSibling != null)
{
if (
$pNode->previousSibling->nodeName == $nodeName)
{
$var = 1;
}
}
return
self::getNodePos($pNode->previousSibling, $nodeName) + $var;
}
}
//utilitaries functions off selectSingleNode
private function getFullXpath($pNode)
{
if(
$pNode == null)
{
return
"";
}
else
{

return
self::getFullXpath($pNode->parentNode) . "/" . $pNode->nodeName . "[" .strval(self::getNodePos($pNode, $pNode->nodeName)+1) . "]";//+1 to get the real xPath index

}
}
}
?>
up
1
aazaharov81 at gmail dot com
9 years ago
To query DOMNodes by their HTML classes, use such snippet
<?php

// CssClassXPathSelector
function ccxs($class) {
return
'[contains(concat(" ", normalize-space(@class), " "), " ' . $class . ' ")]';
}

// then just
$domitems = $this->xpath("//*[@id='searchResultsRows']//a" . ccxs('listing_row'));
?>
up
1
danny at webdevelopers dot eu
4 years ago
The only way how to distinguish FALSE returned value from syntax error FALSE is to re-run the XPath expression wrapped in string() function. If must return empty string. If it returns FALSE again then it is an error.

<?php

$ret
=$this->xp->evaluate($eval, $context);

// Error detection: DOMXPath::evaluate() returns FALSE on error
// so does DOMXPath::evaluate("boolean(/nothing)")
// @workaround webdevelopers.eu
if ($ret === false && $this->xp->evaluate("string($eval)", $context) === false) {
throw new
Exception("Invalid XPath expression ".json_encode($eval), 3491);
}
?>
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