CascadiaPHP 2024

NULL

null 类型是 PHP 的原子类型(unit type),也就是说,它仅有一个值 null

未定义和 unset() 的变量都将解析为值 null

语法

null 类型只有一个值,就是不区分大小写的常量 null

<?php
$var
= NULL;
?>

转换到 null

警告

本特性自 PHP 7.2.0 起废弃,并且自 PHP 8.0.0 起被移除。 强烈建议不要使用本特性。

使用 (unset) $var 将一个变量转换为 null不会删除该变量或 unset 其值。仅是返回 null 值而已。

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

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80
quickpick
13 years ago
Note: empty array is converted to null by non-strict equal '==' comparison. Use is_null() or '===' if there is possible of getting empty array.

$a = array();

$a == null <== return true
$a === null < == return false
is_null($a) <== return false
up
49
Hayley Watson
6 years ago
NULL is supposed to indicate the absence of a value, rather than being thought of as a value itself. It's the empty slot, it's the missing information, it's the unanswered question. It's not a jumped-up zero or empty set.

This is why a variable containing a NULL is considered to be unset: it doesn't have a value. Setting a variable to NULL is telling it to forget its value without providing a replacement value to remember instead. The variable remains so that you can give it a proper value to remember later; this is especially important when the variable is an array element or object property.

It's a bit of semantic awkwardness to speak of a "null value", but if a variable can exist without having a value, the language and implementation have to have something to represent that situation. Because someone will ask. If only to see if the slot has been filled.
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