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SQLite Functions (PDO_SQLITE)


PDO_SQLITE is a driver that implements the PHP Data Objects (PDO) interface to enable access to SQLite 3 databases.


PDO_SQLITE allows using strings apart from streams together with PDO::PARAM_LOB.


The PDO_SQLITE PDO driver is enabled by default. To disable, --without-pdo-sqlite[=DIR] may be used, where the optional [=DIR] is the sqlite base install directory. As of PHP 7.4.0 » libsqlite ≥ 3.5.0 is required. Formerly, the bundled libsqlite could have been used instead, and was the default, if [=DIR] has been omitted.

注意: Additional setup on Windows as of PHP 7.4.0

为了使此扩展生效, DLL 文件必须能在 Windows 系统的 PATH 指示的路径下找到。如何操作的信息,请参见题为“如何在 Windows 中将 PHP 目录加到 PATH 中”的FAQ。虽然将 DLL 文件从 PHP 文件夹复制到 Windows 系统目录也行,但不建议这样做。 此扩展需要下列文件在 PATH 路径中: libsqlite3.dll.


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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

aidan at php dot net
18 years ago
If you receive an error while trying to write to a sqlite database (update, delete, drop):

Warning: PDO::query() [function.query]: SQLSTATE[HY000]: General error: 1 unable to open database

The folder that houses the database file must be writeable.
ohcc at 163 dot com
3 years ago
With PDO SQLite driver, calculation within an SQL with multiple ? may not get results as you expect.

// ....
$stmt = $PDO->prepare('SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?');
$stmt->execute([3600, time()]);
$data = $stmt->fetchAll();

To get the right results, you have more than 3 solutions.

1. Change 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?' to 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`>?' and do the math using Php (ie: $stmt->execute([time()-3600]); ).

2. Use PdoStatement::bindParam or PdoStatement::bindValue, and set the parameter type to PDO::PARAM_INT.

3. Change 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?' to 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?+0', here '?+0' may be replaced by another math function or another calculation, such as 'abs(?)', you can even wrap both ? with a math calculation.
nospam8715 at dririan dot com
11 years ago
Instead of compiling an old version of SQLite to create a database using an older database format that the version of SQLite bundled with PDO can handle, you can (much more easily) just run the query "PRAGMA legacy_file_format = TRUE;" BEFORE creating the database (if you have an existing database, run ".dump" from the sqlite shell on your database, run the sqlite shell on a new database, run the PRAGMA, then paste the contents of the .dump). That will ensure SQLite creates a database readable by SQLite 3.0 and later.
17 years ago
Note that as of the date of this post, PDO_SQLITE will not interact with database files created with the current version of the SQLite console application, sqlite-3.3.6.

It is currently necessary to obtain version 3.2.8, available from but only by entering the URI manually, as there is no link. Go to and find the URI of the version you're looking for, then make the appropriate version number substitution.
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