CascadiaPHP 2024

Basic usage

Example #1 DBA example


= dba_open("/tmp/test.db", "n", "db2");

if (!
$id) {
"dba_open failed\n";

dba_replace("key", "This is an example!", $id);

if (
dba_exists("key", $id)) {
dba_fetch("key", $id);
dba_delete("key", $id);


DBA is binary safe and does not have any arbitrary limits. However, it inherits all limits set by the underlying database implementation.

All file-based databases must provide a way of setting the file mode of a new created database, if that is possible at all. The file mode is commonly passed as the fourth argument to dba_open() or dba_popen().

You can access all entries of a database in a linear way by using the dba_firstkey() and dba_nextkey() functions. You may not change the database while traversing it.

Example #2 Traversing a database


// database...

$key = dba_firstkey($id);

while (
$key !== false) {
if (
true) { // remember the key to perform some action later
$handle_later[] = $key;
$key = dba_nextkey($id);

foreach (
$handle_later as $val) {
dba_delete($val, $id);


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