PHP 8.4.0 Alpha 2 available for testing

mysqli_result::fetch_field_direct

mysqli_fetch_field_direct

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

mysqli_result::fetch_field_direct -- mysqli_fetch_field_directRécupère les métadonnées d'un champ unique

Description

Style orienté objet

public mysqli_result::fetch_field_direct(int $index): object|false

Style procédural

mysqli_fetch_field_direct(mysqli_result $result, int $index): object|false

Retourne un objet qui contient les métadonnées d'un champ dans le jeu de résultats spécifié.

Liste de paramètres

result

Style procédural uniquement : Un objet mysqli_result retourné par mysqli_query(), mysqli_store_result(), mysqli_use_result(), ou mysqli_stmt_get_result().

index

Le numéro du champ. Cette valeur doit être dans l'intervalle 0 à nombre de champs - 1.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne un objet qui contient les métadonnées d'un champ ou false si aucune métadonnée n'est spécifiée pour le champ index.

Propriétés de l'objet
Propriété Description
name Le nom de la colonne
orgname Le nom original de la colonne si un alias a été spécifié
table Le nom de la table à laquelle ce champ appartient (s'il n'a pas été calculé)
orgtable Le nom original de la table si un alias a été spécifié
def Inutilisé. Toujours une chaîne vide
db Le nom de la base de données
catalog Inutilisé. Toujours "def"
max_length La longueur maximale du champ pour le jeu de résultats. À partir de PHP 8.1, cette valeur est toujours 0.
length La largeur du champ en octets. Pour les colonnes de type chaîne de caractères, la valeur de longueur varie en fonction du jeu de caractères de la connexion. Par exemple, si le jeu de caractères est latin1, un jeu de caractères mono-octet, la valeur de longueur pour une requête SELECT 'abc' est 3. Si le jeu de caractères est utf8mb4, un jeu de caractères multioctets dans lequel les caractères occupent jusqu'à 4 octets, la valeur de longueur est 12.
charsetnr Le numéro du jeu de caractères pour ce champs
flags Un entier représentant le bit-flags pour ce champs
type Le type de données utilisées pour ce champs
decimals Le nombre de décimales pour les champs numériques et la précision des secondes fractionnaires pour les champs temporels.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Style orienté objet

<?php
$mysqli
= new mysqli("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* Vérification de la connexion */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
printf("Échec de la connexion : %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
exit();
}

$query = "SELECT Name, SurfaceArea from Country ORDER BY Name LIMIT 5";

if (
$result = $mysqli->query($query)) {

/* Get field information for column 'SurfaceArea' */
$finfo = $result->fetch_field_direct(1);

printf("Nom : %s\n", $finfo->name);
printf("Table : %s\n", $finfo->table);
printf("Taille max : %d\n", $finfo->max_length);
printf("Flags : %d\n", $finfo->flags);
printf("Type : %d\n", $finfo->type);

$result->close();
}

/* Fermeture de la connexion */
$mysqli->close();
?>

Exemple #2 Style procédural

<?php
$link
= mysqli_connect("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* Vérification de la connexion */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
printf("Échec de la connexion : %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
exit();
}

$query = "SELECT Name, SurfaceArea from Country ORDER BY Name LIMIT 5";

if (
$result = mysqli_query($link, $query)) {

/* Get field information for column 'SurfaceArea' */
$finfo = mysqli_fetch_field_direct($result, 1);

printf("Nom : %s\n", $finfo->name);
printf("Table : %s\n", $finfo->table);
printf("Taille max : %d\n", $finfo->max_length);
printf("Flags : %d\n", $finfo->flags);
printf("Type : %d\n", $finfo->type);

mysqli_free_result($result);
}

/* Fermeture de la connexion */
mysqli_close($link);
?>

Les exemples ci-dessus vont afficher :

Nom        : SurfaceArea
Table      : Country
Taille max : 10
Flags      : 32769
Type       : 4

Voir aussi

add a note

User Contributed Notes 12 notes

up
16
daniel at summit cove dot com
15 years ago
Here's a bigger list of data types. I got this by creating every type I could and calling fetch_fields():

<?php
$mysql_data_type_hash
= array(
1=>'tinyint',
2=>'smallint',
3=>'int',
4=>'float',
5=>'double',
7=>'timestamp',
8=>'bigint',
9=>'mediumint',
10=>'date',
11=>'time',
12=>'datetime',
13=>'year',
16=>'bit',
//252 is currently mapped to all text and blob types (MySQL 5.0.51a)
253=>'varchar',
254=>'char',
246=>'decimal'
);
?>
up
5
ben dot NOSPAM at NOSPAM dot seraphire dot com
11 years ago
This may be obvious, but the constants for the field types are already defined in PHP, and can be found in the documentation at: http://php.net/manual/en/mysqli.constants.php
up
5
cjs at ashdowntech dot com
15 years ago
According to
http://www.redferni.uklinux.net/mysql/MySQL-Protocol.html

Data type values are:

DECIMAL 0 ENUM 247
TINY 1 SET 248
SHORT 2 TINY_BLOB 249
LONG 3 MEDIUM_BLOB 250
FLOAT 4 LONG_BLOB 251
DOUBLE 5 BLOB 252
NULL 6 VAR_STRING 253
TIMESTAMP 7 STRING 254
LONGLONG 8 GEOMETRY 255
INT24 9
DATE 10
TIME 11
DATETIME 12
YEAR 13
NEWDATE 14

Note that this is not tested and does not contain
all the values noted by deluxmozart
up
5
cjs at ashdowntech dot com
15 years ago
According to
dev.mysql.com/sources/doxygen/mysql-5.1/mysql__com_8h-source.html
the flag bits are:

NOT_NULL_FLAG 1 /* Field can't be NULL */
PRI_KEY_FLAG 2 /* Field is part of a primary key */
UNIQUE_KEY_FLAG 4 /* Field is part of a unique key */
MULTIPLE_KEY_FLAG 8 /* Field is part of a key */
BLOB_FLAG 16 /* Field is a blob */
UNSIGNED_FLAG 32 /* Field is unsigned */
ZEROFILL_FLAG 64 /* Field is zerofill */
BINARY_FLAG 128 /* Field is binary */
ENUM_FLAG 256 /* field is an enum */
AUTO_INCREMENT_FLAG 512 /* field is a autoincrement field */
TIMESTAMP_FLAG 1024 /* Field is a timestamp */
up
2
andre at koethur dot de
10 years ago
Here are two methods for converting the 'type' and 'flags' attributes to text for debugging purposes. They both use the predefined MYSQLI_ constants to generate the text.

<?php

public static function h_type2txt($type_id)
{
static
$types;

if (!isset(
$types))
{
$types = array();
$constants = get_defined_constants(true);
foreach (
$constants['mysqli'] as $c => $n) if (preg_match('/^MYSQLI_TYPE_(.*)/', $c, $m)) $types[$n] = $m[1];
}

return
array_key_exists($type_id, $types)? $types[$type_id] : NULL;
}

public static function
h_flags2txt($flags_num)
{
static
$flags;

if (!isset(
$flags))
{
$flags = array();
$constants = get_defined_constants(true);
foreach (
$constants['mysqli'] as $c => $n) if (preg_match('/MYSQLI_(.*)_FLAG$/', $c, $m)) if (!array_key_exists($n, $flags)) $flags[$n] = $m[1];
}

$result = array();
foreach (
$flags as $n => $t) if ($flags_num & $n) $result[] = $t;
return
implode(' ', $result);
}

?>
up
1
gmx dot net at Hoffmann dot P
10 years ago
Warning!
This function is not only more memory consuming than expected but the consumption also depends on the size of the result set. So if you realy only want to get your field_names you might want to append " LIMIT 1" or use mysqli->unbuffered_query() to save yourself from a memory bloat.
up
1
shoresofnowhere at gmail dot com
14 years ago
Beware of the fact that the ->def property NEVER gets filled with the correct default field value, so it's totally USELESS.

This happens NOT for a bug in php (so don't go filling in a bug report), but happens BY DESIGN, since the MySQL C API call doesn't fill in this value, unless you call the mysql_list_fields() function, which Php doesn't.

See here for reference.
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/c-api-datatypes.html

Also, be aware that if you're using a query which contains subqueries, the primary key/autoincrement flags do NOT get passed along, even if the field you're looking at is the primary autoincrement key of the master table:

SELECT * from (SELECT id from areas) AS subareas

and you'll find primary key and autoinc flags off on id field, even if id was the primary autoinc key of areas table.

This also is by design, i think, since it's supposed that if we're using a subquery then the primary key/autoinc stuff might have no sense at all, since in the result set we can compose fileds from many different tables.

Hoping this is useful, bye!
up
0
anatoliy at ukhvanovy dot name
9 years ago
You can find all available data types here:
https://php.net/manual/ru/mysqli.constants.php
(search "MYSQLI_TYPE_" in your browser)
up
-1
Anonymous
4 years ago
JSON type is 245 if anyone is wondering.
up
-1
bl at example dot com
13 years ago
note that
"SELECT <timestamp-field>, ..."
will return the field with type 7 (timestamp) but with content like "2010-07-14 14:35:08". the point being it is a string.

"SELECT <timestamp-field> + 0, ..."
returns a type 5 (double) but while a number, is not seconds since epoch, but a number in MySQL's "YYYYMMDDHHMMSS" format, in this example:
20100714143508

(PHP 5.2.12)
up
-1
deluxmozart at yahoo dot de
15 years ago
Here are some Numbers of Datatypes. I searched for it but i didn't find a list, where the datatypes of the numbers are listed.

so first I can give this:

3 - Int
10 - Date
246 - Decimal
252 - text
253 - VarChar
254 - Boolean
up
-3
gcdreak at example dot com
14 years ago
I wrote a simple class to get info about fields.
Try it!

<?php
class MysqlFieldsInfo implements Iterator
{

private
$result;
private
$position;
private
$row;


function
__construct($result){
$this->result = $result;
$this->position = 0;
$this->rewind(); // W $results wewnętrzny wskaźnik może być przesunięty więc powracamy do początku
}

public function
current(){
return
$this->row;
}

public function
next(){
$this->position++;
$this->row = $this->result->fetch_field();
}

public function
valid(){
return (boolean)
$this->row;
}

public function
key(){
return
$this->position;
}

public function
rewind(){
$this->position = 0;
$this->result->field_seek(0);
$this->next();
}

// This function show data in table
public function export(){

echo
'<table id="db_table_info">';
echo
'<tr>
<th>Name</th>
<th>Orgname</th>
<th>Table</th>
<th>Orgtable</th>
<th>Def</th>
<th>Max_length</th>
<th>Length</th>
<th>Charsetnr</th>
<th>Flags</th>
<th>Type</th>
<th>Decimals</th>
</tr>'
;
while(
$this->valid()){
echo
'<tr>';
printf("\n\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->name);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->orgname);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->orgtable);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->def);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->max_length);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->length);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->charsetnr);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->flags);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->type);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->decimals);

echo
'</tr>';

$this->next();
}

echo
'</table>';
}
}
?>
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