# 定義済み定数

Math の定数

`M_PI` 3.14159265358979323846 パイ（円周率）
`M_E` 2.7182818284590452354 e（自然対数の底）
`M_LOG2E` 1.4426950408889634074 log_2 e
`M_LOG10E` 0.43429448190325182765 log_10 e
`M_LN2` 0.69314718055994530942 log_e 2
`M_LN10` 2.30258509299404568402 log_e 10
`M_PI_2` 1.57079632679489661923 pi/2
`M_PI_4` 0.78539816339744830962 pi/4
`M_1_PI` 0.31830988618379067154 1/pi
`M_2_PI` 0.63661977236758134308 2/pi
`M_SQRTPI` 1.77245385090551602729 sqrt(pi) PHP 5.2.0
`M_2_SQRTPI` 1.12837916709551257390 2/sqrt(pi)
`M_SQRT2` 1.41421356237309504880 sqrt(2)
`M_SQRT3` 1.73205080756887729352 sqrt(3) PHP 5.2.0
`M_SQRT1_2` 0.70710678118654752440 1/sqrt(2)
`M_LNPI` 1.14472988584940017414 log_e(pi) PHP 5.2.0
`M_EULER` 0.57721566490153286061 オイラー定数 PHP 5.2.0
`PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP` 1 端数を切り上げる PHP 5.3.0
`PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN` 2 端数を切り捨てる PHP 5.3.0
`PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN` 3 端数を偶数に丸める PHP 5.3.0
`PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD` 4 端数を奇数に丸める PHP 5.3.0
`NAN` NAN (float) 非数値
`INF` INF (float) 無限

PHP のバージョンが明記されていない定数は、すべて PHP 5.0.0 以降で使用可能です。 add a note

### User Contributed Notes 6 notes

28
md2perpe at gmail dot com
4 years ago
``` I just learnt of INF today and found out that it can be used in comparisons:    echo 5000 < INF ? 'yes' : 'no';       // outputs 'yes'    echo INF < INF ? 'yes' : 'no';        // outputs 'no'    echo INF <= INF ? 'yes' : 'no';       // outputs 'yes'    echo INF == INF ? 'yes' : 'no';       // outputs 'yes'You can also take its negative:    echo -INF < -5000 ? 'yes' : 'no';    // outputs 'yes'Division by INF is allowed:    echo 1/INF;    // outputs '0' ```
17
Hayley Watson
8 years ago
``` There are also the predefined PHP_INT_MAX and PHP_INT_SIZE constants, that describe the range of possible integer values. ```
Hayley Watson
2 years ago
``` From PHP 7.2.0, the PHP_FLOAT_* constants are provided to describe the properties of floating point numbers that can be stored; PHP_FLOAT_MAX, for example, is analogous to PHP_INT_MAX and represents the largest possible floating-point number. ```
pemapmodder1970 at gmail dot com
4 years ago
``` Although INF can be used for comparison against normal numbers and as a directed number, and behaves as reciprocal of zero, it is not like limit INF tends to infinity. These operations do not work:<?phpvar_dump(INF / INF); // float(NAN)var_dump(INF - INF); // float(NAN)?>However, it works with arc-tangent:<?phpvar_dump(atan(INF) / M_PI); // float(0.5)var_dump(atan2(INF, INF) / M_PI); // float(0.25)var_dump(atan2(1, INF) / M_PI); // float(0)?> ```
steve at websmithery dot co dot uk
3 years ago
``` Another observation on INF.Division by zero results in INF:<?phpvar_dump(1/0); // float(INF)?>BUT a 'Division by zero' warning is issued. ```
-1
Kira-Bianca dot Hinz at web dot de
4 months ago
``` Caution when using variables with the value NAN (or directly NAN, which would not be logical) if the value is converted in any form (integer, string or other non-float format)!In that case, NAN is converted to 0. (e.g. as an index in an array, argument of a method that takes it as a non-float parameter, etc.). This bug has been reported several times, but is still present in the current version PHP 7.3.15.Example 1:\$array = [0 =>  'zero', 1 => 'one', 2 => 'two'];\$index = NAN;echo \$array[\$index]; // echo 'zero' and not as axcepted throws an exception or at least a warning 'undefined offset NAN ...'Example 2:function f((int) \$p) { return \$p; }echo f(NAN); // echo 0 because the argument (NAN) has been converted to integer (0)It would have to be checked in both cases explicitly for is_nan():1: if(is_nan(\$index)){      <throw Exception>   }else{      echo \$array[\$index];   };2: function f(\$p){ // without converting!!!      if(is_nan(\$p)){         <throw Exception>      }else{         return (int)\$p; // actually a correct conversion  to Integer would have to be checked because the parser does not check this here.      };   } ``` 