PHP 7.4.12 Released!

基本的な使用法

例1 memcache 拡張モジュールの概要

この例では、オブジェクトをキャッシュに保存した後に、改めて取得しなおします。 オブジェクトやその他の非スカラー型のデータは、保存される前に シリアライズされます。そのため (接続 ID などの) リソース型を 保存することはできません。

<?php

$memcache 
= new Memcache;
$memcache->connect('localhost'11211) or die ("接続できませんでした");

$version $memcache->getVersion();
echo 
"サーバーのバージョン: ".$version."<br/>\n";

$tmp_object = new stdClass;
$tmp_object->str_attr 'test';
$tmp_object->int_attr 123;

$memcache->set('key'$tmp_objectfalse10) or die ("データをサーバーに保存できませんでした");
echo 
"データをキャッシュに保存します (データの有効期限は 10 秒です)<br/>\n";

$get_result $memcache->get('key');
echo 
"キャッシュから取得したデータ:<br/>\n";

var_dump($get_result);

?>

例2 memcache セッションハンドラの使用例

<?php

$session_save_path 
"tcp://$host:$port?persistent=1&weight=2&timeout=2&retry_interval=10,  ,tcp://$host:$port  ";
ini_set('session.save_handler''memcache');
ini_set('session.save_path'$session_save_path);

?>

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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atesin > gmail
2 months ago
moderator please merge these posts

an errata to my comment done on 2020-07-28 01:05 about tmpfs session dir...

the tmpfs directory i used to install session files is "/run" not "/tmp"...  as /tmp is auto (or manual) deleted sometimes
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atesin > gmail
3 months ago
memcached is great, is lightning fast, very versatile and useful, scalable, and is a must have for many projects

but if you only want speed to minimize session file blocking there is also a good alternative, tmpfs

https://eddmann.com/posts/storing-php-sessions-file-caches-in-memory-using-tmpfs/

maybe if you are in debian you already had session directory in tmp (mounted as tmpfs), but beware of daily cleaning process that can mess up your sessions

you can use this trick if you are in centos/other (like me) or even if you are in debian but want to get ride of /tmp cleaning task

i realized in my system /run is also mounted as tmpfs, so i shut php-fpm down, moved my php session dir to /tmp/, reconfigure php and start again... (you can adapt it to your situation)

  systemctl stop php-fpm
  cp -a /var/lib/php/session /tmp/php-session
  vim /etc/php-fpm-d/www.conf
  ------
  php_value[session.save_path] = /run/php-session
  ------
  systemctl start php-fpm

the only drawback is tmpfs is VOLATILE, just like memcached (data is lost on unmount/shutdown/power fail), to  circumvent this risk i wrote another service that restores/backup php session dir before/after php starts/stops... (UNTESTED!)

  vim /etc/systemd/system/php-session-backup.service
  ------
  # basic persistence for tmpfs php sessions
 
  [Unit]
  Description=PHP tmpfs sessions backup/restore on shutdown/boot
  Before=php-fpm.service
 
  [Service]
  Type=oneshot
  RemainAfterExit=true
  ExecStart=rm -fr /run/php-session
  ExecStart=cp -fa /var/lib/php/session /run/php-session
  ExecStop=rm -fr /var/lib/php/session
  ExecStop=cp -fa /run/php-session /var/lib/php/session
 
  [Install]
  WantedBy=multi-user.target
  ------
  systemctl enable php-session-backup

you can also complement this with a daily backup task in case of system crash so you will lose just one day

  crontab -e
  ------
  0 4 * * * rm -fr /var/lib/php/session;cp -fa /run/php-session /var/lib/php/session
  ------

this is very rough though, you can better use inotify + rsync, could take some ideas from here

https://blog.jmdawson.co.uk/persistent-ramdisk-on-debain-ubuntu/
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-8
dkreuter at gmail dot com
11 years ago
If the example doesn't work try to change "localhost" to "127.0.0.1".
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