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Настройка во время выполнения

Поведение этих функций зависит от установок в php.ini.

Конфигурационные опции отправки писем
Имя По умолчанию Место изменения Список изменений
mail.add_x_header "0" PHP_INI_PERDIR  
mail.force_extra_parameters NULL PHP_INI_SYSTEM|PHP_INI_PERDIR  
SMTP "localhost" PHP_INI_ALL  
smtp_port "25" PHP_INI_ALL  
sendmail_from NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
sendmail_path "/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i" PHP_INI_SYSTEM  
Для подробного описания констант PHP_INI_*, обратитесь к разделу Где могут быть установлены параметры конфигурации.

Краткое разъяснение конфигурационных директив.

mail.add_x_header bool

Добавляет заголовок X-PHP-Originating-Script, который будет содержать UID скрипта и имя файла.

mail.log string

Путь к лог-файлу, в который будут записываться все вызовы функции mail(). Записи в логе содержат полный путь до скрипта, номер строки, адрес получателя To и заголовки.

mail.force_extra_parameters string

Принудительно добавить указанные параметры для отправки в sendmail. Эти параметры всегда заменяют значение пятого параметра в mail(), даже в безопасном режиме.

SMTP string

Используется только в Windows: домен или IP-адрес SMTP-сервера, к которому будет обращаться PHP при отправке почты функцией mail().

smtp_port int

Используется только в Windows: порт SMTP-сервера, к которому будет обращаться PHP при отправке почты функцией mail(); по умолчанию 25.

sendmail_from string

Адрес, который будет использоваться в заголовке "From:" в письмах, отправляемых напрямую через SMTP (только для Windows). Эта директива также устанавливает заголовок "Return-Path:".

sendmail_path string

Путь до программы sendmail, обычно /usr/sbin/sendmail или /usr/lib/sendmail. configure пытается найти sendmail автоматически и установить значение по умолчанию самостоятельно, но если это не удалось, вы можете установить путь здесь.

Системы, не использующие sendmail, должны установить эту директиву в путь до обёртки/заменителя sendmail. Например, пользователи » Qmail обычно устанавливают значение /var/qmail/bin/sendmail или /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject.

qmail-inject не требует дополнительных опций для отправки писем.

Эта директива также работает и в Windows. Если она установлена, smtp, smtp_port и sendmail_from будут проигнорированы и выполнится указанная программа.

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User Contributed Notes 9 notes

elitescripts2000 at yahoo dot com
7 years ago
On Ubuntu 13.04, not sure of the other Distros.

If you simply uncomment the default:

sendmail_path = "sendmail -t -i"

Your mail() functions will all fail.  This is because, you should place the FULL PATH (i.e.  /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i )

The documentation states PHP tries it's best to find the correct sendmail path, but it clearly failed for me.

So, always enter in the FULLPATH to sendmail or you may get unexpected failing results.

As a secondary note:  Those that just want to ENFORCE the -f parameter, you can do so in php.ini using:

mail.force_extra_parameters = -fdo_not_reply@domain.tld

You can leave the sendmail path commented out, it will still use the defaults  (under UNIX  -t -i options which if you look them up are very important to have set)....

But, now there is no way to change this, even with the 5th argument of the mail() function.  -f is important, because if NOT set, will be set to which ever user the PHP script is running under, and you may not want that.

Also, -f  sets the Return-Path:  header which is used as the Bounce address, if errors occur, so you can process them.  You you can not set Return-Path: in mail() headers for some reason... you could before.  Now you have to use the -f option.
php dot net at ii0 dot net
4 years ago
If anyone gets this cryptic error message in the PHP error logs:
"sh: -t: command not found"
after upgrading from PHP 5.4, this may be the solution for you.

I upgraded PHP from 5.4 to 5.6 and all our mail() functionality suddenly broke, with no useful error logging.

If this is you, and you've been using ini_set() to set the "sendmail_path" then note that even though it's apparently not mentioned in the upgrade documentation -- or anywhere else I could find on (or a dozen forums) -- you'll now need to go set the sendmail_path in your php.ini file; it is now ignored if you use ini_set() to specify a path to the sendmail binary on the fly.

So, just specify "sendmail_path" in php.ini instead.  That's all there is to it -- that fixed all the mail() functionality for us. 

Hope this little note saves someone else as much time as I spent troubleshooting and researching.  Cheers!
Mark Simon
1 year ago
It is worth reiterating that, as stated above, sendmail_path also works for Windows, overriding other Windows SMTP settings.

The comment in php.ini, “For Unix only”, does not make that clear.

This makes it relatively easy to substitute a fake sendmail program or even a shell script/batch file to save mail to a text file.

I use this technique when teaching or testing in PHP.
phpnote-mail at revmaps dot no-ip dot org
5 years ago
setting return path:

Return-path header does not work because it is not part of smtp.

on *nix -f may be set on the mail command
some MTAs accept mbox-style "From " header on the first header line
note: no colon after "From" , must be the first header line
or  you may be able to re-configure you MTA to interpret return-path headers

-f is the most reliable method but it may mean that you can't set any other command-line option due to shell escaping problems.

also note that email formatting requirements differ between windows and everything else. sendmail expects only \n line-endings
A Austin
8 years ago
For linux you can over-ride the default "From" for the outgoing emails by including in php.ini this line:

sendmail_path = "/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -f"

The path should work for most linux installations.
mike dot castrodemaria at gmail dot com
7 years ago
You can set on apache2 a "per domain" default address in apache conf VirtualHost section too.

Juste add : php_admin_value sendmail_path "/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -Fno-reply"

change to your own email choice instead .

I hope this helps,
blueshibuyadream at gmail dot com
8 years ago
On Darwin OS such as OSX (current one: 10.8.3) you need to add a specific command and option to the sendmail_path constant if you have downloaded and installed a mamp with a stack.

Indeed you can see the required libraries for PHP, Apache, MySQL in "common/lib" folder. The problem is when you run an external command using these libraries, for example "sendmail". It could be a problem if it gets the stack libraries and not the system ones (different versions, etc).

The "env -i" command clean the Stack environment variables and run "sendmail" with the system libraries.

Hope this helps.
10 years ago
Despite what this page says about the "SMTP" and "smtp_port" settings being used only under Windows, all Drupal sites use these settings to send email, regardless of which OS they're running in.
rgdobie at conwave dot com dot au
8 years ago
Under Windows, I found sendmail_from needed to be a valid email address which has been defined on the mail server being addressed.
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