hash_hkdf

(PHP 7 >= 7.1.2, PHP 8)

hash_hkdfGenerate a HKDF key derivation of a supplied key input

说明

hash_hkdf(
    string $algo,
    string $key,
    int $length = 0,
    string $info = "",
    string $salt = ""
): string

参数

algo

Name of selected hashing algorithm (i.e. "sha256", "sha512", "haval160,4", etc..) See hash_algos() for a list of supported algorithms.

注意:

Non-cryptographic hash functions are not allowed.

key

Input keying material (raw binary). Cannot be empty.

length

Desired output length in bytes. Cannot be greater than 255 times the chosen hash function size.

If length is 0, the output length will default to the chosen hash function size.

info

Application/context-specific info string.

salt

Salt to use during derivation.

While optional, adding random salt significantly improves the strength of HKDF.

返回值

Returns a string containing a raw binary representation of the derived key (also known as output keying material - OKM).

错误/异常

Throws a ValueError exception if key is empty, algo is unknown/non-cryptographic, length is less than 0 or too large (greater than 255 times the size of the hash function).

更新日志

版本 说明
8.0.0 Now throws a ValueError exception on error. Previously, false was returned and an E_WARNING message was emitted.

范例

示例 #1 hash_hkdf() example

<?php
// Generate a random key, and salt to strengthen it during derivation.
$inputKey random_bytes(32);
$salt random_bytes(16);

// Derive a pair of separate keys, using the same input created above.
$encryptionKey hash_hkdf('sha256'$inputKey32'aes-256-encryption'$salt);
$authenticationKey hash_hkdf('sha256'$inputKey32'sha-256-authentication'$salt);

var_dump($encryptionKey !== $authenticationKey); // bool(true)
?>

The above example produces a pair of separate keys, suitable for creation of an encrypt-then-HMAC construct, using AES-256 and SHA-256 for encryption and authentication respectively.

参见

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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landers dot robert at gmail dot com
4 months ago
Make sure the info parameter contains random elements.

From: https://soatok.blog/2021/11/17/understanding-hkdf/
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