(PHP 5 >= 5.5.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)



password_needs_rehash(string $hash, string|int|null $algo, array $options = []): bool

此函数检测指定的散列值是否实现了提供的算法和选项。 如果没有,需要重新生成散列值。



一个由 password_hash() 创建的散列值。




一个包含有选项的关联数组。详细的参数说明,请参考文档 密码算法常数


如果散列需要重新生成才能匹配指定的 algooptions, 则返回 true,否则返回 false


版本 说明
7.4.0 现在 algo 参数可以支持 string 类型,但为了向后兼容性,同时支持 int 类型。


示例 #1 password_needs_rehash()用法


= 'rasmuslerdorf';
$hash = '$2y$10$YCFsG6elYca568hBi2pZ0.3LDL5wjgxct1N8w/oLR/jfHsiQwCqTS';

$algorithm = PASSWORD_BCRYPT;
// bcrypt 的成本参数随着硬件的改进而可能发生变化
$options = ['cost' => 12];

// 根据明文密码验证储存的散列
if (password_verify($password, $hash)) {
// 检查算法或选项是否已经更改
if (password_needs_rehash($hash, $algorithm, $options)) {
// 如果是这样,则创建新散列,替换旧散列
$newHash = password_hash($password, $algorithm, $options);

// 使用 $newHash 更新用户记录

// 执行登录

add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

php dot net at muer dot nl
10 years ago
This function cannot check if a string is a MD5 or SHA1 hash. It can only tell you if a password, hashed using the password_hash function, needs to be put through the hashing function again to keep up to date with the new defaults.

The only time you can use this function is when your user logs in and you have already checked by means of password_verify that the password entered is actually correct. At that point, if password_needs_rehash returns true, you can put the plain text password through the password_hash function.
geekasylum at google mail
6 years ago
This function can indeed be used to assist in transparently updating legacy passwords (those not using the password_hash() function - eg: perhaps something using MD5 or SHA1)

In legacy sites, when authenticating a user (during login) first check the password using password_verify(). If that fails it may simply be because the user's password hash was created long ago by a legacy or home-brew password algorithm.

You can then re-check the password against the site's legacy password algorithm. If that fails too, then the login fails, since the supplied password did not authenticate against either the new, or the old password tests.

If any one of those two test was successfull, you know that the password is good so you would then call password_needs_rehash() on the stored hash, and it will properly indicate if the password hash needs to be re-computed, either because it's an unrecognised (legacy) hash or it's a modern hash created by password_hash(), which may just need its cost index updated.

Simply store the recomputed hash in the database and you now have a password_verify() compatible password for that user and the second test can be skipped in future logins (but still check if it needs rehashing).
admin at torntech dot com
9 years ago
Some other use-cases for the password_needs_rehash function is when you have specified using the PASSWORD_DEFAULT algorithm for password_hash.
As mentioned on the Password Hashing Predefined Constants and password_hash pages, the algorithm used by PASSWORD_DEFAULT is subject to change as different versions of PHP are released.
Additionally password_needs_rehash would be used if you have changed the optional cost or static salt (DO NOT USE A STATIC SALT) requirements of your password_hash options.

Full example:


= [
'options' => ['cost' => 11],
'hash' => null

$password = 'rasmuslerdorf';

//stored hash of password
$oldHash = '$2y$07$BCryptRequires22Chrcte/VlQH0piJtjXl.0t1XkA8pw9dMXTpOq';

//verify stored hash against plain-text password
if (true === password_verify($password, $oldHash)) {
//verify legacy password to new password_hash options
if (true === password_needs_rehash($oldHash, $new['algo'], $new['options'])) {
//rehash/store plain-text password using new hash
$newHash = password_hash($password, $new['algo'], $new['options']);

The above example will output something similar to:
Daniel Hejduk
2 years ago
Password need rehash also when its too strong. For example
= '123';
$hash = password_hash($a, PASSWORD_BCRYPT, ['cost'=>16]);
var_export(password_needs_rehash($hash, PASSWORD_BCRYPT, ['cost'=>15])); //True
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