Output Handlers

Output handlers are callables associated with output buffers that are invoked by calling ob_clean(), ob_flush(), ob_end_flush(), ob_get_flush(), ob_end_clean(), ob_get_clean() or during PHP's shutdown process.

Note: The shutdown process will flush the return value of the handler.

If omitted or null when starting the output buffer the internal "default output handler" will be used which returns the unmodified contents of the buffer when invoked. Output handlers can be used to return a modified version of the buffer's contents and/or have side-effects (e.g. send headers).

PHP comes with two internal output handlers: "default output handler" and "URL-Rewriter" (which is integrated into its own output buffer and only up to two instances of it can be started).

The bundled extensions include four additional output handlers: mb_output_handler(), ob_gzhandler(), ob_iconv_handler(), ob_tidyhandler().

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