CascadiaPHP 2024

La clase RecursiveIteratorIterator

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

Introducción

Se puede usar para recorrer iteradores recursivos.

Sinopsis de la Clase

class RecursiveIteratorIterator implements OuterIterator {
/* Constantes */
const integer LEAVES_ONLY = 0;
const integer SELF_FIRST = 1;
const integer CHILD_FIRST = 2;
/* Métodos */
public beginChildren(): void
public __construct(Traversable $iterator, int $mode = RecursiveIteratorIterator::LEAVES_ONLY, int $flags = 0)
public current(): mixed
public endChildren(): void
public endIteration(): void
public getDepth(): int
public getMaxDepth(): mixed
public key(): mixed
public next(): void
public nextElement(): void
public rewind(): void
public setMaxDepth(int $max_depth = -1): void
public valid(): bool
/* Métodos heredados */
}

Tabla de contenidos

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

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21
Anonymous
7 years ago
A very useful use case for RecusiveIteratorIterator in combination with RecursiveArrayIterator is to replace array values on a multidimensional array at any level deep.

Usually, array_walk_recursive would be used to replace values deep within arrays, but unfortunately this only works when there is a standard key value pair - in other words, array_walk_recursive ONLY VISITS LEAF NODES, NOT arrays.

So to get around this, the iterators can be used in this way:

<?php
$array
= [
'test' => 'value',
'level_one' => [
'level_two' => [
'level_three' => [
'replace_this_array' => [
'special_key' => 'replacement_value',
'key_one' => 'testing',
'key_two' => 'value',
'four' => 'another value'
]
],
'ordinary_key' => 'value'
]
]
];

$arrayIterator = new \RecursiveArrayIterator($array);
$recursiveIterator = new \RecursiveIteratorIterator($arrayIterator, \RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

foreach (
$recursiveIterator as $key => $value) {
if (
is_array($value) && array_key_exists('special_key', $value)) {
// Here we replace ALL keys with the same value from 'special_key'
$replaced = array_fill(0, count($value), $value['special_key']);
$value = array_combine(array_keys($value), $replaced);
// set a new key
$value['new_key'] = 'new value';

// Get the current depth and traverse back up the tree, saving the modifications
$currentDepth = $recursiveIterator->getDepth();
for (
$subDepth = $currentDepth; $subDepth >= 0; $subDepth--) {
// Get the current level iterator
$subIterator = $recursiveIterator->getSubIterator($subDepth);
// If we are on the level we want to change, use the replacements ($value) other wise set the key to the parent iterators value
$subIterator->offsetSet($subIterator->key(), ($subDepth === $currentDepth ? $value : $recursiveIterator->getSubIterator(($subDepth+1))->getArrayCopy()));
}
}
}
return
$recursiveIterator->getArrayCopy();
// return:
$array = [
'test' => 'value',
'level_one' => [
'level_two' => [
'level_three' => [
'replace_this_array' => [
'special_key' => 'replacement_value',
'key_one' => 'replacement_value',
'key_two' => 'replacement_value',
'four' => 'replacement_value',
'new_key' => 'new value'
]
],
'ordinary_key' => 'value'
]
]
];
?>

The key is in traversing back up the tree to save the changes at that level - simply calling $recursiveIterator->offsetSet(); will only set a key on the root array.
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11
Adil Baig @ AIdezigns
12 years ago
A very important thing to note about \RecursiveIteratorIterator is that it returns a flattened array when used with the iterator_to_array function. Ex:

<?php
$arr
= array('Zero', 'name'=>'Adil', 'address' => array( 'city'=>'Dubai', 'tel' => array('int' => 971, 'tel'=>12345487)), '' => 'nothing');

$iterator = new \RecursiveIteratorIterator(new \RecursiveArrayIterator($arr));
var_dump(iterator_to_array($iterator,true));
?>

This code will return :

array(6) {
[0]=>
string(4) "Zero"
["name"]=>
string(4) "Adil"
["city"]=>
string(5) "Dubai"
["int"]=>
int(91)
["tel"]=>
int(12345487)
[""]=>
string(7) "nothing"
}

To get the non-flattened proper array use the getArrayCopy() method, like so :

$iterator->getArrayCopy()

This will return

array(4) {
[0]=>
string(4) "Zero"
["name"]=>
string(4) "Adil"
["address"]=>
array(2) {
["city"]=>
string(5) "Dubai"
["tel"]=>
array(2) {
["int"]=>
int(91)
["tel"]=>
int(12345487)
}
}
[""]=>
string(7) "nothing"
}
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13
Michiel Brandenburg
15 years ago
You can use this to quickly find all the files (recursively) in a certain directory. This beats maintaining a stack yourself.
<?php
$directory
= "/tmp/";
$fileSPLObjects = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
new
RecursiveDirectoryIterator($directory),
RecursiveIteratorIterator::CHILD_FIRST
);
try {
foreach(
$fileSPLObjects as $fullFileName => $fileSPLObject ) {
print
$fullFileName . " " . $fileSPLObject->getFilename() . "\n";
}
}
catch (
UnexpectedValueException $e) {
printf("Directory [%s] contained a directory we can not recurse into", $directory);
}
?>
Note: if there is a directory contained within the directory you are searching in that you have no access to read an UnexpectedValueException will be thrown (leaving you with an empty list).
Note: objects returned are SPLFileObjects
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10
aidan at php dot net
14 years ago
This example demonstrates using the getDepth() method with a RecursiveArrayIterator.

<?php
$tree
= array();
$tree[1][2][3] = 'lemon';
$tree[1][4] = 'melon';
$tree[2][3] = 'orange';
$tree[2][5] = 'grape';
$tree[3] = 'pineapple';

print_r($tree);

$arrayiter = new RecursiveArrayIterator($tree);
$iteriter = new RecursiveIteratorIterator($arrayiter);

foreach (
$iteriter as $key => $value) {
$d = $iteriter->getDepth();
echo
"depth=$d k=$key v=$value\n";
}
?>

The output of this would be:

Array
(
[1] => Array
(
[2] => Array
(
[3] => lemon
)

[4] => melon
)

[2] => Array
(
[3] => orange
[5] => grape
)

[3] => pineapple
)

depth=2 k=3 v=lemon
depth=1 k=4 v=melon
depth=1 k=3 v=orange
depth=1 k=5 v=grape
depth=0 k=3 v=pineapple
up
8
gerry at king-foo dot be
10 years ago
Carefull when using iterator_to_array(). Because it flattens down your subiterators, elements with the same keys will overwrite eachother.

For example:

<?php

$iterator
= new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
new
RecursiveArrayIterator([
[
'foo', 'bar'],
[
'baz', 'qux']
])
);

foreach (
$iterator as $element) {
echo
$element;
}

?>

This will output all 4 elements as expected:

string(3) "foo"
string(3) "bar"
string(3) "baz"
string(3) "qux"

While doing:

<?php

var_dump
(iterator_to_array($iterator));

?>

will output an array with only the last 2 elements:

array(2) {
[0]=>
string(3) "baz"
[1]=>
string(3) "qux"
}
up
4
Tom
13 years ago
This class operates on a tree of elements, which is build by nesting recursive iterators into one another.

Thus you might say it is an iterator over iterators. While traversing those, the class pushes the iterators on a stack while traversing down to a leaf and removes them from the stack while going back up.
up
2
fengdingbo at gmail dot com
10 years ago
if you want traversal directory。
<?php
foreach (new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator("./")) as $key=>$val)
{
echo
$key,"=>",$val,"\n";
}
?>
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