imap_list

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

imap_listRead the list of mailboxes

Descripción

imap_list(IMAP\Connection $imap, string $reference, string $pattern): array|false

Read the list of mailboxes.

Parámetros

imap

An IMAP\Connection instance.

reference

reference should normally be just the server specification as described in imap_open().

Advertencia

El paso de datos no confiables a este parámetro es inseguro, a menos que imap.enable_insecure_rsh esté inhabilitado.

pattern

Especifica donde en la jerarquía del buzón para empezar a buscar.

Hay dos caracteres especiales que se pueden pasar como parte del pattern: '*' y '%'. '*' significa devolver todos los buzones. Si se pasa el pattern como '*', se obtendrá una lista de toda la jerarquía del buzón. '%' significa devolver sólo el nivel actual. '%' como el parámetro pattern devolverá solamente el nivel superior de los buzones; '~/mail/%' en UW_IMAPD devolverá cada buzón en el directorio ~/mail, pero no en los subdirectorios de ese directorio.

Valores devueltos

Returns an array containing the names of the mailboxes or false in case of failure.

Historial de cambios

Versión Descripción
8.1.0 The imap parameter expects an IMAP\Connection instance now; previously, a valid imap recurso was expected.

Ejemplos

Ejemplo #1 imap_list() example

<?php
$mbox
= imap_open("{imap.example.org}", "username", "password", OP_HALFOPEN)
or die(
"can't connect: " . imap_last_error());

$list = imap_list($mbox, "{imap.example.org}", "*");
if (
is_array($list)) {
foreach (
$list as $val) {
echo
imap_utf7_decode($val) . "\n";
}
} else {
echo
"imap_list failed: " . imap_last_error() . "\n";
}

imap_close($mbox);
?>

Ver también

add a note

User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
3
maxime dot marais+php at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Please be aware that if you are trying to list an empty mailbox, imap_list will return FALSE as if there was an error instead of an empty array() as one may expect.

Example:

With a brand new account created on your mail server, with an empty INBOX, you will get:

$list = imap_list( $imap_stream, $ref, "INBOX/*");
var_dump( $list );
// bool(false)
up
3
Anonymous
4 years ago
use
echo mb_convert_encoding($val, "utf-8", "UTF7-IMAP");
for cyrrilic folder names
up
2
c6h1206free at gmail dot com
15 years ago
imap_list returns a simple array of strings that look just like the $ref parameter one needs to specify:

<?php

$srv
= '{imap.example.com}';

$conn = imap_open($srv, 'me', 'mypass');

$boxes = imap_list($conn, $srv, '*');

print_r($boxes);
imap_close($conn);
?>

Output:

<pre>
Array
(
[0] => {imap.example.com}Calendar
[1] => {imap.example.com}Contacts
[2] => {imap.example.com}Deleted Items
[3] => {imap.example.com}Drafts
[4] => {imap.example.com}Journal
[5] => {imap.example.com}Junk E-mail
[6] => {imap.example.com}Notes
[7] => {imap.example.com}Outbox
[8] => {imap.example.com}RSS Feeds
[9] => {imap.example.com}Sent Items
[10] => {imap.example.com}Tasks
)
</pre>

These directly fill in the $ref argument for every function that takes one.
up
0
kevin at metalaxe dot com
16 years ago
if there is an error imap_list returns FALSE not an empty array (as expected by docs)
up
-1
jemore at free dot fr
9 years ago
With the values returned from the imap_list function, you can search a message in the folder, but you have to use the imap_reopen function before . Continuing the previous example (from c6h1206free at gmail dot com )

<?php
$srv
= '{imap.example.com}';
$conn = imap_open($srv, 'me', 'mypass');
$boxes = imap_list($conn, $srv, '*');
foreach(
$boxes as $box)
{
imap_reopen($srv, $box);
var_dump(imap_search($srv, "ALL"));
}
imap_close($conn);
?>
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