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mysqli_result::fetch_field_direct

mysqli_fetch_field_direct

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

mysqli_result::fetch_field_direct -- mysqli_fetch_field_directObtener los metadatos de un único campo

Descripción

Estilo orientado a objetos

mysqli_result::fetch_field_direct(int $fieldnr): object

Estilo por procedimientos

mysqli_fetch_field_direct(mysqli_result $result, int $fieldnr): object

Devuelve un objeto que contiene la información de definición de un campo del conjunto de resultados especificado.

Parámetros

result

Sólo estilo por procedimientos: Un conjunto de identificadores de resultados devuelto por mysqli_query(), mysqli_store_result() o mysqli_use_result().

fieldnr

El número de campo. Este valor debe estar en un rango desde 0 a número de campos - 1.

Valores devueltos

Devuelve un objeto que contiene la información de definición del campo o false si no está disponible la información del campo especificada por fieldnr.

Atributos del objeto
Atributo Descripción
name El nombre de la columna
orgname El nombre original de la columna si se especificó un alias
table El nombre de la tabla al que pertenece el campo (si no es calculado)
orgtable El nombre original de la tabla si se especificó un alias
def El valor predeterminado de este campo, representado como una cadena
max_length El ancho máximo del campo del conjunto de resultados.
length El ancho del campo, como fue especificado en la definición de la tabla.
charsetnr El número del conjunto de caracteres del campo.
flags Un entero que representa las banderas de bits del campo.
type El tipo de datos usado por el campo
decimals El número de decimales empleados (para campos numéricos)

Ejemplos

Ejemplo #1 Estilo orientado a objetos

<?php
$mysqli
= new mysqli("localhost", "mi_usuario", "mi_contraseña", "world");

/* comprobar la conexión */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
printf("Falló la conexión: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
exit();
}

$consulta = "SELECT Name, SurfaceArea from Country ORDER BY Name LIMIT 5";

if (
$resultado = $mysqli->query($consulta)) {

/* Obtener la información del campo para la columna 'SurfaceArea' */
$info_campo = $resultado->fetch_field_direct(1);

printf("Nombre: %s\n", $info_campo->name);
printf("Tabla: %s\n", $info_campo->table);
printf("Longitud máx.: %d\n", $info_campo->max_length);
printf("Banderas: %d\n", $info_campo->flags);
printf("Tipo: %d\n", $info_campo->type);

$resultado->close();
}

/* cerrar la conexión */
$mysqli->close();
?>

Ejemplo #2 Estilo por procedimientos

<?php
$enlace
= mysqli_connect("localhost", "mi_usuario", "mi_contraseña", "world");

/* comprobar la conexión */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
printf("Falló la conexión: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
exit();
}

$consulta = "SELECT Name, SurfaceArea from Country ORDER BY Name LIMIT 5";

if (
$resultado = mysqli_query($enlace, $consulta)) {

/* Obtener la información del campo para la columna 'SurfaceArea' */
$info_campo = mysqli_fetch_field_direct($resultado, 1);

printf("Nombre: %s\n", $info_campo->name);
printf("Tabla: %s\n", $info_campo->table);
printf("Longitud máx.: %d\n", $info_campo->max_length);
printf("Banderas: %d\n", $info_campo->flags);
printf("Tipo: %d\n", $info_campo->type);

mysqli_free_result($resultado);
}

/* cerrar la conexión */
mysqli_close($enlace);
?>

El resultado de los ejemplos sería:

Nombre:        SurfaceArea
Tabla:         Country
Longitud máx.: 10
Banderas:      32769
Tipo:          4

Ver también

add a note

User Contributed Notes 12 notes

up
16
daniel at summit cove dot com
15 years ago
Here's a bigger list of data types. I got this by creating every type I could and calling fetch_fields():

<?php
$mysql_data_type_hash
= array(
1=>'tinyint',
2=>'smallint',
3=>'int',
4=>'float',
5=>'double',
7=>'timestamp',
8=>'bigint',
9=>'mediumint',
10=>'date',
11=>'time',
12=>'datetime',
13=>'year',
16=>'bit',
//252 is currently mapped to all text and blob types (MySQL 5.0.51a)
253=>'varchar',
254=>'char',
246=>'decimal'
);
?>
up
5
ben dot NOSPAM at NOSPAM dot seraphire dot com
11 years ago
This may be obvious, but the constants for the field types are already defined in PHP, and can be found in the documentation at: http://php.net/manual/en/mysqli.constants.php
up
5
cjs at ashdowntech dot com
15 years ago
According to
http://www.redferni.uklinux.net/mysql/MySQL-Protocol.html

Data type values are:

DECIMAL 0 ENUM 247
TINY 1 SET 248
SHORT 2 TINY_BLOB 249
LONG 3 MEDIUM_BLOB 250
FLOAT 4 LONG_BLOB 251
DOUBLE 5 BLOB 252
NULL 6 VAR_STRING 253
TIMESTAMP 7 STRING 254
LONGLONG 8 GEOMETRY 255
INT24 9
DATE 10
TIME 11
DATETIME 12
YEAR 13
NEWDATE 14

Note that this is not tested and does not contain
all the values noted by deluxmozart
up
5
cjs at ashdowntech dot com
15 years ago
According to
dev.mysql.com/sources/doxygen/mysql-5.1/mysql__com_8h-source.html
the flag bits are:

NOT_NULL_FLAG 1 /* Field can't be NULL */
PRI_KEY_FLAG 2 /* Field is part of a primary key */
UNIQUE_KEY_FLAG 4 /* Field is part of a unique key */
MULTIPLE_KEY_FLAG 8 /* Field is part of a key */
BLOB_FLAG 16 /* Field is a blob */
UNSIGNED_FLAG 32 /* Field is unsigned */
ZEROFILL_FLAG 64 /* Field is zerofill */
BINARY_FLAG 128 /* Field is binary */
ENUM_FLAG 256 /* field is an enum */
AUTO_INCREMENT_FLAG 512 /* field is a autoincrement field */
TIMESTAMP_FLAG 1024 /* Field is a timestamp */
up
2
andre at koethur dot de
9 years ago
Here are two methods for converting the 'type' and 'flags' attributes to text for debugging purposes. They both use the predefined MYSQLI_ constants to generate the text.

<?php

public static function h_type2txt($type_id)
{
static
$types;

if (!isset(
$types))
{
$types = array();
$constants = get_defined_constants(true);
foreach (
$constants['mysqli'] as $c => $n) if (preg_match('/^MYSQLI_TYPE_(.*)/', $c, $m)) $types[$n] = $m[1];
}

return
array_key_exists($type_id, $types)? $types[$type_id] : NULL;
}

public static function
h_flags2txt($flags_num)
{
static
$flags;

if (!isset(
$flags))
{
$flags = array();
$constants = get_defined_constants(true);
foreach (
$constants['mysqli'] as $c => $n) if (preg_match('/MYSQLI_(.*)_FLAG$/', $c, $m)) if (!array_key_exists($n, $flags)) $flags[$n] = $m[1];
}

$result = array();
foreach (
$flags as $n => $t) if ($flags_num & $n) $result[] = $t;
return
implode(' ', $result);
}

?>
up
1
gmx dot net at Hoffmann dot P
9 years ago
Warning!
This function is not only more memory consuming than expected but the consumption also depends on the size of the result set. So if you realy only want to get your field_names you might want to append " LIMIT 1" or use mysqli->unbuffered_query() to save yourself from a memory bloat.
up
1
shoresofnowhere at gmail dot com
14 years ago
Beware of the fact that the ->def property NEVER gets filled with the correct default field value, so it's totally USELESS.

This happens NOT for a bug in php (so don't go filling in a bug report), but happens BY DESIGN, since the MySQL C API call doesn't fill in this value, unless you call the mysql_list_fields() function, which Php doesn't.

See here for reference.
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/c-api-datatypes.html

Also, be aware that if you're using a query which contains subqueries, the primary key/autoincrement flags do NOT get passed along, even if the field you're looking at is the primary autoincrement key of the master table:

SELECT * from (SELECT id from areas) AS subareas

and you'll find primary key and autoinc flags off on id field, even if id was the primary autoinc key of areas table.

This also is by design, i think, since it's supposed that if we're using a subquery then the primary key/autoinc stuff might have no sense at all, since in the result set we can compose fileds from many different tables.

Hoping this is useful, bye!
up
0
anatoliy at ukhvanovy dot name
8 years ago
You can find all available data types here:
https://php.net/manual/ru/mysqli.constants.php
(search "MYSQLI_TYPE_" in your browser)
up
-1
Anonymous
3 years ago
JSON type is 245 if anyone is wondering.
up
-1
bl at example dot com
13 years ago
note that
"SELECT <timestamp-field>, ..."
will return the field with type 7 (timestamp) but with content like "2010-07-14 14:35:08". the point being it is a string.

"SELECT <timestamp-field> + 0, ..."
returns a type 5 (double) but while a number, is not seconds since epoch, but a number in MySQL's "YYYYMMDDHHMMSS" format, in this example:
20100714143508

(PHP 5.2.12)
up
-1
deluxmozart at yahoo dot de
15 years ago
Here are some Numbers of Datatypes. I searched for it but i didn't find a list, where the datatypes of the numbers are listed.

so first I can give this:

3 - Int
10 - Date
246 - Decimal
252 - text
253 - VarChar
254 - Boolean
up
-3
gcdreak at example dot com
14 years ago
I wrote a simple class to get info about fields.
Try it!

<?php
class MysqlFieldsInfo implements Iterator
{

private
$result;
private
$position;
private
$row;


function
__construct($result){
$this->result = $result;
$this->position = 0;
$this->rewind(); // W $results wewnętrzny wskaźnik może być przesunięty więc powracamy do początku
}

public function
current(){
return
$this->row;
}

public function
next(){
$this->position++;
$this->row = $this->result->fetch_field();
}

public function
valid(){
return (boolean)
$this->row;
}

public function
key(){
return
$this->position;
}

public function
rewind(){
$this->position = 0;
$this->result->field_seek(0);
$this->next();
}

// This function show data in table
public function export(){

echo
'<table id="db_table_info">';
echo
'<tr>
<th>Name</th>
<th>Orgname</th>
<th>Table</th>
<th>Orgtable</th>
<th>Def</th>
<th>Max_length</th>
<th>Length</th>
<th>Charsetnr</th>
<th>Flags</th>
<th>Type</th>
<th>Decimals</th>
</tr>'
;
while(
$this->valid()){
echo
'<tr>';
printf("\n\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->name);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->orgname);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->orgtable);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->def);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->max_length);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->length);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->charsetnr);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->flags);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->type);
printf("\t<td>%s</td>\n", $this->current()->decimals);

echo
'</tr>';

$this->next();
}

echo
'</table>';
}
}
?>
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