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ReflectionProperty::setAccessible

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

ReflectionProperty::setAccessibleDéfinit l'accessibilité d'une propriété

Description

public ReflectionProperty::setAccessible(bool $accessible): void

Active l'accès à une propriété protégée ou privée via les méthodes ReflectionProperty::getValue() et ReflectionProperty::setValue().

Note: À partir de PHP 8.1.0, l'appel à cette méthode n'a aucun effet; toutes les propriétés sont accessibles par défaut.

Liste de paramètres

accessible

true pour permettre l'accès, ou false.

Valeurs de retour

Aucune valeur n'est retournée.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Définition d'une classe simple

<?php
class MyClass
{
private
$foo = 'bar';
}
$property = new ReflectionProperty("MyClass", "foo");
$property->setAccessible(true);
$obj = new MyClass();
echo
$property->getValue($obj);
echo
$obj->foo;
?>

Résultat de l'exemple ci-dessus est similaire à :

bar
Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Cannot access private property MyClass::$foo in /in/WJqTv:12

Voir aussi

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
40
matthieu at mnapoli dot fr
10 years ago
Note that the property will only become accessible using the ReflectionProperty class. The property is still private or protected in the class instances.

<?php
class MyClass {
     private
$myProperty = true;
}

$class = new ReflectionClass("MyClass");
$property = $class->getProperty("myProperty");
$property->setAccessible(true);

$obj = new MyClass();
echo
$property->getValue($obj); // Works
echo $obj->myProperty; // Doesn't work (error)
?>
up
4
Rob McVey
12 years ago
If you are using < PHP 5.3 and need to get the private attributes and values, you can use this method:

This is what you are doing:

<?php
$obj_with_privates
= new MyObject();
$class     = get_class($obj_with_privates);
$vars     = get_object_vars($obj_with_privates);
//will not show private attributes
print_r($vars);

$reflection = new ReflectionClass( $class );
$attributes = $reflection->getProperties();
//still no private access!
print_r($attributes);
?>

This is what you should do:

<?php
$obj_with_privates
= new MyObject();

$class         = get_class( $obj_with_privates );
$reflection = new ReflectionClass( $class );
$abstract    = $reflection->getMethods( ReflectionMethod::IS_ABSTRACT );
$priv_attr  = $reflection->getProperties( ReflectionProperty::IS_PRIVATE );
$privates   = array();
$parent     = get_parent_class( $class );
$child         = $class;
$constructor = $reflection->getConstructor();

//If the class has abstract methods you need to implement them
$abstr_methods = "";
if(
sizeof($abstr_methods))
{
    foreach(
$abstract as $method)
    {
       
$mname = $method->name;
       
$abstr_methods .= "public function $mname(){return false;}";
    }
}

//Convert private attributes to public attributes
if(sizeof($priv_attr))
{
   
$parseable = unserialize(str_replace("\0$class\0", "\0*\0", serialize($obj)));
    foreach(
$priv_attr as $attribute)
    {
       
$aname = $attribute->name;
       
$privates[$aname] = $parseable->$aname;
    }
}
           

$temp_child_class = "temp" . str_replace("_", "", "$class");

//You can gain access to protected attributes by extending the target class
$class_def = "
class
$temp_child_class extends $class{
   
$constructor
    public function reflect_getmyvars(){
        return get_object_vars(\$this);
    }
   
$abstr_methods
}
"
;

//place class definition in memory
eval($class_def);

//generate object from dynamic class
$tcobj =@ new $temp_child_class;   
//call the method we added to the object (to access protected vars)
$vars = $tcobj->reflect_getmyvars();

$attribs = array_merge($vars, $privates);

//will now show private attributes
print_r($attribs);
?>
up
2
Yzmir Ramirez
12 years ago
Have you tried:

<?php

echo "PHP Version: ".phpversion()."\n";

class
Foo
{
    private  
$bar  = "private";
    protected
$bar2 = "protected";
    public   
$bar3 = "public";
}

$obj = new Foo;

$arr = (array)$obj;

print_r($arr);
?>

Output:

PHP Version: 5.2.12
Array
(
    [Foobar] => private
    [*bar2] => protected
    [bar3] => public
)

PHP Version: 5.1.6
Array
(
    [Foobar] => private
    [*bar2] => protected
    [bar3] => public
)
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