DatePeriod::__construct

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0, PHP 7)

DatePeriod::__constructCria um novo objeto DatePeriod

Descrição

public DatePeriod::__construct ( DateTimeInterface $start , DateInterval $interval , int $recurrences [, int $options ] )
public DatePeriod::__construct ( DateTimeInterface $start , DateInterval $interval , DateTimeInterface $end [, int $options ] )
public DatePeriod::__construct ( string $isostr [, int $options ] )

Cria um novo objeto DatePeriod.

Parâmetros

start

A data inicial do período.

interval

A recorrência de intervalos entre os períodos.

recurrences

Número de recorrências.

end

A data final do período.

isostr

Uma especificação de repetição de intervalos ISO 8601.

options

Pode ser configurado com DatePeriod::EXCLUDE_START_DATE para excluir a data inicial do conjunto de recorrências dentro do período.

Changelog

Versão Descrição
5.5.8 O tipo de end foi modificado para DateTimeImmutable. Anteriormente era DateTime.
5.5.0 start foi modificado para DateTimeImmutable. Anteriormente era DateTime.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Exemplos de DatePeriod

<?php
$start 
= new DateTime('2012-07-01');
$interval = new DateInterval('P7D');
$end = new DateTime('2012-07-31');
$recurrences 4;
$iso 'R4/2012-07-01T00:00:00Z/P7D';

// All of these periods are equivalent.
$period = new DatePeriod($start$interval$recurrences);
$period = new DatePeriod($start$interval$end);
$period = new DatePeriod($iso);

// By iterating over the DatePeriod object, all of the
// recurring dates within that period are printed.
foreach ($period as $date) {
    echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d')."\n";
}
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

2012-07-01
2012-07-08
2012-07-15
2012-07-22
2012-07-29

Exemplo #2 Exemplo de DatePeriod com DatePeriod::EXCLUDE_START_DATE

<?php
$start 
= new DateTime('2012-07-01');
$interval = new DateInterval('P7D');
$end = new DateTime('2012-07-31');

$period = new DatePeriod($start$interval$end,
                         
DatePeriod::EXCLUDE_START_DATE);

// By iterating over the DatePeriod object, all of the
// recurring dates within that period are printed.
// Note that, in this case, 2012-07-01 is not printed.
foreach ($period as $date) {
    echo 
$date->format('Y-m-d')."\n";
}
?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

2012-07-08
2012-07-15
2012-07-22
2012-07-29

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
32
simon dot kohlmeyer at mayflower dot de
9 years ago
I found two things useful to know that aren't covered here.

1. endDate is excluded:

<?php
$i
= new DateInterval('P1D');
$d1 = new Datetime();
$d2 = clone $d1; $d2->add($i);
foreach(new
DatePeriod($d1, $i, $d2) as $d) {
    echo
$d->format('Y-m-d H:i:s') . "\n";
}
?>

Will output:
2010-11-03 12:39:53

(Another one because I got it wrong at first)
2. For the first form, recurrences really means REcurrences, not occurences.

<?php
$i
= new DateInterval('P1D');
$d = new Datetime();
foreach(new
DatePeriod($d, $i, 1) as $d) {
    echo
$d->format('Y-m-d H:i:s') . "\n";
}
?>

Will output:
2010-11-03 12:41:05
2010-11-04 12:41:05
up
12
lars at hp-designs dot com
7 years ago
When you add the time 23:59:59 to the end DateTime object something like the following then the end date will be included in the period:

<?php
$date_start
= new DateTime('2012-03-12');
$date_end = new DateTime('2012-03-22 23:59:59');

$interval = '+2 days';
$date_interval = DateInterval::createFromDateString($interval);

$period = new DatePeriod($date_start, $date_interval, $date_end, DatePeriod::EXCLUDE_START_DATE);

foreach(
$period as $dt) {
echo
$dt->format('d/m');
}
?>

OUTPUT:
14/03
16/03
18/03
20/03
22/03
up
0
youssef dot benhssaien at gmail dot com
2 months ago
The parameter isostr should accept an ISO 8601 format, but doing this is not work :
<?php
      $dateStart
= date_create('first day of next month this year');

     
$isoStr = $dateStart ->format(DateTimeInterface::ISO8601);
     
$datePeriod = new DatePeriod("R10/{$isoStr}/P1M");
    
// Throw Exception : DatePeriod::__construct(): Unknown or bad format (R10/2020-02-01T22:52:26+0000Z/P1M)
    
     // While doing it by this way works
   
$datePeriod = new DatePeriod($dateStart , \DateInterval::createFromDateString("+1 month"), 10);
?>
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