UConverter::transcode

(PHP 5 >= 5.5.0, PHP 7, PHP 8, PECL >= 3.0.0a1)

UConverter::transcodeConvert a string from one character encoding to another

说明

public static UConverter::transcode(
    string $str,
    string $toEncoding,
    string $fromEncoding,
    ?array $options = null
): string|false

Converts str from fromEncoding to toEncoding.

参数

str

The string to be converted.

toEncoding

The desired encoding of the result.

fromEncoding

The current encoding used to interpret str.

options

An optional array, which may contain the following keys:

  • 'to_subst' - the substitution character to use in place of any character of str which cannot be encoded in toEncoding. If specified, it must represent a single character in the target encoding.

返回值

Returns the converted string 或者在失败时返回 false.

范例

示例 #1 Converting from UTF-8 to UTF-16 and back

<?php
$utf8_string 
"\x5A\x6F\xC3\xAB"// 'Zoë' in UTF-8
$utf16_string UConverter::transcode($utf8_string'UTF-16BE''UTF-8');
echo 
bin2hex($utf16_string), "\n";

$new_utf8_string UConverter::transcode($utf16_string'UTF-8''UTF-16BE');
echo 
bin2hex($new_utf8_string), "\n";
?>

以上例程会输出:

005a006f00eb
5a6fc3ab

示例 #2 Invalid characters in input

If the input string contains a sequence of bytes which is not valid in the encoding specified by fromEncoding, they are replaced by Unicode code point U+FFFD (Replacement Character) before converting to toEncoding.

<?php
$invalid_utf8_string 
"\xC3"// incomplete multi-byte UTF-8 sequence
$utf16_string UConverter::transcode($invalid_utf8_string'UTF-16BE''UTF-8');
echo 
bin2hex($utf16_string), "\n";
?>

以上例程会输出:

fffd

示例 #3 Characters which cannot be encoded

If the input string contains characters which cannot be represented in toEncoding, they are replaced with a single character. The default character to use depends on the encoding, and can be controlled using the 'to_subst' option.

<?php
$utf8_string 
"\xE2\x82\xAC"// € (Euro Sign) does not exist in ISO 8859-1

// Default replacement in ISO 8859-1 is "\x1A" (Substitute)
$iso8859_1_string UConverter::transcode($utf8_string'ISO-8859-1''UTF-8');
echo 
bin2hex($iso8859_1_string), "\n";

// Specify a replacement of '?' ("\x3F") instead
$iso8859_1_string UConverter::transcode(
    
$utf8_string'ISO-8859-1''UTF-8', ['to_subst' => '?']
);
echo 
bin2hex($iso8859_1_string), "\n";

// Since ISO 8859-1 cannot map U+FFFD, invalid input is also replaced by to_subst
$invalid_utf8_string "\xC3"// incomplete multi-byte UTF-8 sequence
$iso8859_1_string UConverter::transcode(
    
$invalid_utf8_string'ISO-8859-1''UTF-8', ['to_subst' => '?']
);
echo 
bin2hex($iso8859_1_string), "\n";
?>

以上例程会输出:

1a
3f
3f

参见

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