PHP 7.4.0 alpha 1 Released

XMLReader::next

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7)

XMLReader::nextMove cursor to next node skipping all subtrees

说明

public XMLReader::next ([ string $localname ] ) : bool

Positions cursor on the next node skipping all subtrees.

参数

localname

The name of the next node to move to.

返回值

成功时返回 TRUE, 或者在失败时返回 FALSE

参见

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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2
ppp dot BOTSNEEDNOTAPPLY at salesfloor dot net
3 years ago
This method appears to follow these rules:

- if $localName names a sibling node, the cursor is moved to that node;
- if $localName names an ancestor node, the cursor is moved to the end of that node;
- if $localName names a node that is a sibling of any of the current node's ancestors, the cursor is moved to that node;
- otherwise the cursor is moved outside the document.

Note especially that this method never moves the cursor to child nodes.

For example, given this XML document

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<root id="root" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
  <aaa id="1">
    <bbb id="1.1"></bbb>
    <bbb id="1.2"></bbb>
  </aaa>
  <ccc id="2" />
  <aaa id="3">
    <ddd id="3.1">
      <aaa id="3.1.1"></aaa>
    </ddd>
    <aaa id="3.2"></aaa>
  </aaa>
  <aaa id="4">
    <eee id="4.1"></eee>
  </aaa>
</root>

going from <root id="root"> to "bbb" places the cursor outside the document;
going from <aaa id="1"> to "bbb" places the cursor outside the document;
going from <aaa id="1"> to "aaa" places the cursor on <aaa id="3">;
going from <bbb id="1.1"> to "bbb" places the cursor on <bbb id="1.2">;
going from <bbb id="1.2"> to "bbb" places the cursor outside the document;
going from <bbb id="1.1"> to "ddd" places the cursor outside the document;
going from <bbb id="1.1"> to "aaa" places the cursor on </aaa>;
going from <bbb id="1.1"> to "ccc" places the cursor on <ccc id="2">;
going from <bbb id="1.1"> to "nonsuch" places the cursor outside the document;
going from <bbb id="1.1"> to "root" places the cursor on </root>;
going from <ddd id="3.1"> to "aaa" places the cursor on <aaa id="3.2">;
going from <ddd id="3.1"> to "eee" places the cursor outside the document;

Try it yourself:

<?php

$document
= <<<XML
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<root id="root" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
  <aaa id="1">
    <bbb id="1.1"></bbb>
    <bbb id="1.2"></bbb>
  </aaa>
  <ccc id="2" />
  <aaa id="3">
    <ddd id="3.1">
      <aaa id="3.1.1"></aaa>
    </ddd>
    <aaa id="3.2"></aaa>
  </aaa>
  <aaa id="4">
    <eee id="4.1"></eee>
  </aaa>
</root>
XML;

$filename = "/tmp/xmlreader.php.xml";
file_put_contents($filename, $document);

echo
"given this XML document\n\n$document\n\n";

showNext("root", "bbb");
showNext("1", "bbb");
showNext("1", "aaa");
showNext("1.1", "bbb");
showNext("1.2", "bbb");
showNext("1.1", "ddd");
showNext("1.1", "aaa");
showNext("1.1", "ccc");
showNext("1.1", "nonsuch");
showNext("1.1", "root");
showNext("3.1", "aaa");
showNext("3.1", "eee");

function
showNext($from, $to) {
  global
$filename;

 
$xml = new \XmlReader();
 
$xml->open("file://$filename");
  while (
$xml->read()) {
    if (
$xml->nodeType === \XmlReader::ELEMENT) {
      if (
$xml->getAttribute("id") == $from) {
        echo
"going from <$xml->name id=\"$from\">";
        break;
      }
    }
  }

 
$xml->next($to);
 
$destination = "";
  if(
$xml->nodeType === \XmlReader::NONE) {
    if(!
$xml->read()) {
     
$destination = "outside the document";
    }
  }

  if(!
$destination) {
    if (
$xml->nodeType === \XmlReader::END_ELEMENT) {
     
$destination = "on </$xml->name>";
    } else if (
$xml->nodeType === \XmlReader::ELEMENT) {
     
$destination = "on <$xml->name id=\"" . $xml->getAttribute("id") . "\">";
    }
  }

  echo
" to \"$to\" places the cursor $destination;\n";

 
$xml->close();
}
?>
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0
Quiet Noise
2 months ago
next() without parameters will bring you to the next sibling node on the same depth as the depth where the current cursor is.
Examples:
1. If you are on an opening ELEMENT node next() will bring you to the new line node next to the closing tag of that element (i.e. if you have each tag in separate line) or it will bring you to the opening tag of next node on the same depth.
2. If you are on a TEXT node next() will bring you to the opening tag if there is one next to it.

If there are no more nodes on the given depth next() will bring you to the closing tag (END_ELEMENT) of the wrapping parent.
up
0
gholson19 at gmail dot com
4 years ago
To skip over deletion nodes in the xml extracted from a word document, do something like this:

if ($paragraph->nodeType == XMLREADER::ELEMENT && $paragraph->name === 'w:del'){$paragraph->next();}
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