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password_needs_rehash

(PHP 5 >= 5.5.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

password_needs_rehashVerifica se o hash informado corresponde às opções especificadas

Descrição

password_needs_rehash(string $hash, string|int|null $algo, array $options = []): bool

Esta função verifica se o hash fornecido implementa o algoritmo e as opções indicadas. Se não, ela assume que o hash precisa ser recalculado.

Parâmetros

hash

Um hash criado por password_hash().

algo

Uma constante de algoritmo de senha denotando o algoritmo a ser usado ao fazer o hash da senha.

options

Um array associativo contendo opções. Consulte as constantes de algoritmo de senha para obter a documentação sobre as opções suportadas por cada algoritmo.

Valor Retornado

Retorna true se o hash deve ser recalculado para corresponder ao algortimo informado em algo e às opções em options, ou false caso contrário.

Registro de Alterações

Versão Descrição
7.4.0 O parâmetro algo agora espera uma string, mas ainda aceita ints para compatibilidade com versões anteriores.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 Utilização de password_needs_rehash()

<?php

$password
= 'rasmuslerdorf';
$hash = '$2y$10$YCFsG6elYca568hBi2pZ0.3LDL5wjgxct1N8w/oLR/jfHsiQwCqTS';

$algorithm = PASSWORD_BCRYPT;
// o parâmetro de custo de bcrypt pode mudar com o tempo com a evloução dos equipamentos
$options = ['cost' => 12];

// Verifica o hash armazenado comparando com uma senha em texto puro
if (password_verify($password, $hash)) {
// Verifica se o algoritmo ou o custo mudaram
if (password_needs_rehash($hash, $algorithm, $options)) {
// Caso positivo, cria um hash novo, e substitui o antigo
$newHash = password_hash($password, $algorithm, $options);

// Atualiza o registro do usuário com $newHash
}

// Faz login
}
?>

add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
28
php dot net at muer dot nl
10 years ago
This function cannot check if a string is a MD5 or SHA1 hash. It can only tell you if a password, hashed using the password_hash function, needs to be put through the hashing function again to keep up to date with the new defaults.

The only time you can use this function is when your user logs in and you have already checked by means of password_verify that the password entered is actually correct. At that point, if password_needs_rehash returns true, you can put the plain text password through the password_hash function.
up
10
geekasylum at google mail
6 years ago
This function can indeed be used to assist in transparently updating legacy passwords (those not using the password_hash() function - eg: perhaps something using MD5 or SHA1)

In legacy sites, when authenticating a user (during login) first check the password using password_verify(). If that fails it may simply be because the user's password hash was created long ago by a legacy or home-brew password algorithm.

You can then re-check the password against the site's legacy password algorithm. If that fails too, then the login fails, since the supplied password did not authenticate against either the new, or the old password tests.

If any one of those two test was successfull, you know that the password is good so you would then call password_needs_rehash() on the stored hash, and it will properly indicate if the password hash needs to be re-computed, either because it's an unrecognised (legacy) hash or it's a modern hash created by password_hash(), which may just need its cost index updated.

Simply store the recomputed hash in the database and you now have a password_verify() compatible password for that user and the second test can be skipped in future logins (but still check if it needs rehashing).
up
12
admin at torntech dot com
9 years ago
Some other use-cases for the password_needs_rehash function is when you have specified using the PASSWORD_DEFAULT algorithm for password_hash.
As mentioned on the Password Hashing Predefined Constants and password_hash pages, the algorithm used by PASSWORD_DEFAULT is subject to change as different versions of PHP are released.
Additionally password_needs_rehash would be used if you have changed the optional cost or static salt (DO NOT USE A STATIC SALT) requirements of your password_hash options.

Full example:

<?php

$new
= [
'options' => ['cost' => 11],
'algo' => PASSWORD_DEFAULT,
'hash' => null
];

$password = 'rasmuslerdorf';

//stored hash of password
$oldHash = '$2y$07$BCryptRequires22Chrcte/VlQH0piJtjXl.0t1XkA8pw9dMXTpOq';

//verify stored hash against plain-text password
if (true === password_verify($password, $oldHash)) {
//verify legacy password to new password_hash options
if (true === password_needs_rehash($oldHash, $new['algo'], $new['options'])) {
//rehash/store plain-text password using new hash
$newHash = password_hash($password, $new['algo'], $new['options']);
echo
$newHash;
}
}
?>

The above example will output something similar to:
$2y$11$Wu5rN3u38.g/XWdUeA6Wj.PD.F0fLXXmZrMNFyzzg2UxkVmxlk41W
up
-10
Daniel Hejduk
2 years ago
Password need rehash also when its too strong. For example
<?php
$a
= '123';
$hash = password_hash($a, PASSWORD_BCRYPT, ['cost'=>16]);
var_export(password_needs_rehash($hash, PASSWORD_BCRYPT, ['cost'=>15])); //True
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