Функции SQLite (PDO_SQLITE)


PDO_SQLITE — это драйвер, который реализует интерфейс Data Objects (PDO) для обеспечения доступа к базам данных SQLite 3.


PDO_SQLITE позволяет использовать строки помимо потоков вместе с PDO::PARAM_LOB.


Драйвер PDO_SQLITE PDO доступен по умолчанию. Для отключения используйте --without-pdo-sqlite[=DIR], где [=DIR] - директория, куда установлен sqlite. Начиная с PHP 7.4.0 требуется библиотека » libsqlite версии 3.5.0 или новее. Ранее встроенный из коробки libsqlite мог использовался вместо этого, и был значением по умолчанию, если опция [=DIR] не задана.

Замечание: Дополнительная настройка на Windows с PHP 7.4.0

Для работы этого модуля системной переменной Windows PATHдолжны быть доступны DLL-файлы. Чтобы узнать как этого достичь, обратитесь к разделу FAQ "Как добавить мою директорию с PHP в переменную Windows PATH". Хотя копирование DLL-файлов из директории PHP в системную папку Windows также решает проблему (потому что системная директория по умолчанию находится в переменной PATH), это не рекомендуется. Этому модулю требуются следующие файлы в переменной PATH: libsqlite3.dll.


  • PDO_SQLITE DSN — Соединение с базой данных SQLite
  • PDO::sqliteCreateAggregate — Регистрация агрегирующей пользовательской функции для использования в SQL-запросах
  • PDO::sqliteCreateCollation — Регистрация пользовательской функции сортировки для использования в SQL-запросах
  • PDO::sqliteCreateFunction — Регистрация пользовательской функции для использования в SQL-запросах
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User Contributed Notes 8 notes

ohcc at 163 dot com
3 years ago
With PDO SQLite driver, calculation within an SQL with multiple ? may not get results as you expect.

// ....
$stmt = $PDO->prepare('SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?');
$stmt->execute([3600, time()]);
$data = $stmt->fetchAll();

To get the right results, you have more than 3 solutions.

1. Change 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?' to 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`>?' and do the math using Php (ie: $stmt->execute([time()-3600]); ).

2. Use PdoStatement::bindParam or PdoStatement::bindValue, and set the parameter type to PDO::PARAM_INT.

3. Change 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?' to 'SELECT * FROM `X` WHERE `TimeUpdated`+?>?+0', here '?+0' may be replaced by another math function or another calculation, such as 'abs(?)', you can even wrap both ? with a math calculation.
aidan at php dot net
18 years ago
If you receive an error while trying to write to a sqlite database (update, delete, drop):

Warning: PDO::query() [function.query]: SQLSTATE[HY000]: General error: 1 unable to open database

The folder that houses the database file must be writeable.
nospam8715 at dririan dot com
11 years ago
Instead of compiling an old version of SQLite to create a database using an older database format that the version of SQLite bundled with PDO can handle, you can (much more easily) just run the query "PRAGMA legacy_file_format = TRUE;" BEFORE creating the database (if you have an existing database, run ".dump" from the sqlite shell on your database, run the sqlite shell on a new database, run the PRAGMA, then paste the contents of the .dump). That will ensure SQLite creates a database readable by SQLite 3.0 and later.
17 years ago
Note that as of the date of this post, PDO_SQLITE will not interact with database files created with the current version of the SQLite console application, sqlite-3.3.6.

It is currently necessary to obtain version 3.2.8, available from http://www.sqlite.org/ but only by entering the URI manually, as there is no link. Go to http://www.sqlite.org/download.html and find the URI of the version you're looking for, then make the appropriate version number substitution.
chrislangton84 at gmail dot com
7 years ago
This page has been out of date for some time - Installation specifically.

As of PHP 5.4 sqlite is no longer part of PHP and in only available through PECL
gopal at gopalarathnam dot com
16 years ago
If you get an error reporting "invalid resource" when trying to query the database table and looping through it, the version of the SQLite extension compiled in to PHP might be incompatible with the version that had created the database (like SQLite 2.x vs 3.x).

The database open itself might be successful, failing only when querying.

$dbh = new PDO('sqlite:/tmp/foo.db'); // success
foreach ($dbh->query('SELECT * FROM bar') as $row) // prints invalid resource
// ...
tris dot php at tfconsulting dot com dot au
9 years ago
After wrestling with "General error: 5 database is locked" errors for a highly concurrent project I finally wrapped the PDO transaction code with a semaphore. No errors since...

Obviously only works if all processes use the subclass and wrap database modifying statements in beginTransaction() .. commit(). The same could be achieved with flock() if semaphore is not available on your system but will be slower.

class SQLitePDO extends PDO {
__construct($filename) {
$filename = realpath($filename);
parent::__construct('sqlite:' . $filename);

$key = ftok($filename, 'a');
$this->sem = sem_get($key);

beginTransaction() {

commit() {
$success = parent::commit();

rollBack() {
$success = parent::rollBack();
gmac63 at charter dot net
17 years ago
Error: SQLSTATE[HY000]: General error: 1 unsupported file format

To solve this (and/or many issues) involving this type of error, I assumed the error to be generated from php. Well, it was to an extent. The sqlite pdo code offered the solution:

I researched the error by grep'ing the php source code and found the error string to come from php-5.1.4/ext/pdo_sqlite/sqlite/src/prepare.c, lines 265:278 :

** file_format==1 Version 3.0.0.
** file_format==2 Version 3.1.3.
** file_format==3 Version 3.1.4.
** Version 3.0 can only use files with file_format==1. Version 3.1.3
** can read and write files with file_format==1 or file_format==2.
** Version 3.1.4 can read and write file formats 1, 2 and 3.
if( meta[1]>3 ){
sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, "unsupported file format", (char*)0);

This is interesting as I am running SQLite version 3.3.5 which the databases were created in. I see that the SQLite PDO source in the php source is :
# cat ext/pdo_sqlite/sqlite/VERSION

My solution was then to find a version of sqlite that was =< 3.1.4. I found source for 3.1.3, compiled, recreated my database using that version (NOTE: the databases are unsupported between 3.1.x and 3.2.x versions of SQLite). Once I did this it worked.

Also as a side note, to get SQLite compiled as a PDO, I had to:

1) configure with
--enable-pdo=shared \
--with-sqlite=shared \
... \
'make && make install' if configure is successful.

2) Make sure the pdo libs were copied/installed to the correct directory. On my installation it was /usr/local/include/php/ext/pdo/

3) Make these changes in my php.ini:
- change ' extension_dir = "./" ' to ' extension_dir="/usr/local/include/php/ext/pdo/" '
- add/edit in this order:

4) test php with : 'php -m' at the command line and solve any issues from there. Mostly php.ini config issues. Also restart the http service!
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