Expiration Times

Some storage commands involve sending an expiration value (relative to an item or to an operation requested by the client) to the server. In all such cases, the actual value sent may either be Unix time (number of seconds since January 1, 1970, as an integer), or a number of seconds starting from current time. In the latter case, this number of seconds may not exceed 60*60*24*30 (number of seconds in 30 days); if the expiration value is larger than that, the server will consider it to be real Unix time value rather than an offset from current time.

If the expiration value is 0 (the default), the item never expires (although it may be deleted from the server to make place for other items).

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

valugi at gmail dot com
7 years ago
The fact that one sets an expiration time does not mean that the keys will expire at that particular time. I'm not sure what is happening in the background, if there is a process like a garbage collector that expire keys, but some function do not activate the expiration check and return the key as valid, for example `getAllKeys` is not atomic and returns even expired keys.

$memcached = new Memcached();
//waiting more than 10 sec
$data = $memcached->getAllKeys();
var_dump($data); // key will still be listed
$key = $memcached->get('key'); // will trigger the expiration
i dot caught dot air at gmail dot com
6 years ago
A TTL of n seconds will expire between n and n-1 seconds as memcache doesn't use a high-resolution clock internally.

This is important to consider if you're working with very short TTLs.

See https://github.com/memcached/memcached/issues/307
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