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DateTimeImmutable::__construct

date_create_immutable

(PHP 5 >= 5.5.0, PHP 7, PHP 8)

DateTimeImmutable::__construct -- date_create_immutableReturns new DateTimeImmutable object

说明

面向对象风格

public DateTimeImmutable::__construct(string $datetime = "now", ?DateTimeZone $timezone = null)

过程化风格

Returns new a DateTimeImmutable object.

参数

datetime

日期/时间字符串。正确格式的说明详见 日期与时间格式

Enter "now" here to obtain the current time when using the $timezone parameter.

timezone

A DateTimeZone object representing the timezone of $datetime.

If $timezone is omitted or null, the current timezone will be used.

注意:

The $timezone parameter and the current timezone are ignored when the $datetime parameter either is a UNIX timestamp (e.g. @946684800) or specifies a timezone (e.g. 2010-01-28T15:00:00+02:00, or 2010-07-05T06:00:00Z).

返回值

Returns a new DateTimeImmutable instance.

错误/异常

If an invalid Date/Time string is passed, DateMalformedStringException is thrown. Previous to PHP 8.3, this was Exception.

更新日志

版本 说明
8.3.0 Now throws DateMalformedStringException if an invalid string is passed, instead of Exception.
7.1.0 From now on microseconds are filled with actual value. Not with '00000'.

示例

示例 #1 DateTimeImmutable::__construct() example

面向对象风格

<?php
try {
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('2000-01-01');
} catch (
Exception $e) {
echo
$e->getMessage();
exit(
1);
}

echo
$date->format('Y-m-d');
?>

过程化风格

<?php
$date
= date_create('2000-01-01');
if (!
$date) {
$e = date_get_last_errors();
foreach (
$e['errors'] as $error) {
echo
"$error\n";
}
exit(
1);
}

echo
date_format($date, 'Y-m-d');
?>

以上示例会输出:

2000-01-01

示例 #2 Intricacies of DateTimeImmutable::__construct()

<?php
// Specified date/time in your computer's time zone.
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('2000-01-01');
echo
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:sP') . "\n";

// Specified date/time in the specified time zone.
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('2000-01-01', new DateTimeZone('Pacific/Nauru'));
echo
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:sP') . "\n";

// Current date/time in your computer's time zone.
$date = new DateTimeImmutable();
echo
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:sP') . "\n";

// Current date/time in the specified time zone.
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('now', new DateTimeZone('Pacific/Nauru'));
echo
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:sP') . "\n";

// Using a UNIX timestamp. Notice the result is in the UTC time zone.
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('@946684800');
echo
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:sP') . "\n";

// Non-existent values roll over.
$date = new DateTimeImmutable('2000-02-30');
echo
$date->format('Y-m-d H:i:sP') . "\n";
?>

以上示例的输出类似于:

2000-01-01 00:00:00-05:00
2000-01-01 00:00:00+12:00
2010-04-24 10:24:16-04:00
2010-04-25 02:24:16+12:00
2000-01-01 00:00:00+00:00
2000-03-01 00:00:00-05:00

示例 #3 Changing the associated timezone

<?php
$timeZone
= new \DateTimeZone('Asia/Tokyo');

$time = new \DateTimeImmutable();
$time = $time->setTimezone($timeZone);

echo
$time->format('Y/m/d H:i:s'), "\n";
?>

以上示例的输出类似于:

2022/08/12 23:49:23

示例 #4 Using a relative date/time string

<?php
$time
= new \DateTimeImmutable("-1 year");

echo
$time->format('Y/m/d H:i:s'), "\n";
?>

以上示例的输出类似于:

2021/08/12 15:43:51
add a note

User Contributed Notes 1 note

up
1
Dmitrii
1 year ago
"If $timezone is omitted or null, the current timezone will be used." - note, that timezone IS NOT equal offset, if its important for your application.

If default timezone = Europe/Moscow, then:
echo (new \DateTimeImmutable('2014-10'))->format(DATE_ATOM); // gives "2014-10-01T00:00:00+04:00"
echo (new \DateTimeImmutable('2014-11'))->format(DATE_ATOM); // gives "2014-11-01T00:00:00+03:00"
because of law changes (abolition of "summer time").
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