json_decode

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7, PECL json >= 1.2.0)

json_decode对 JSON 格式的字符串进行解码

说明

json_decode ( string $json [, bool $assoc = FALSE [, int $depth = 512 [, int $options = 0 ]]] ) : mixed

接受一个 JSON 编码的字符串并且把它转换为 PHP 变量

参数

json

待解码的 json string 格式的字符串。

这个函数仅能处理 UTF-8 编码的数据。

Note:

PHP 实现了 JSON 的一个超集,参考 » RFC 7159.

assoc

当该参数为 TRUE 时,将返回 array 而非 object

depth

指定递归深度。

options

JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING, JSON_INVALID_UTF8_IGNORE, JSON_INVALID_UTF8_SUBSTITUTE, JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY, JSON_THROW_ON_ERROR 组成的掩码。 这些常量的行为在JSON constants页面有进一步描述。

返回值

通过恰当的 PHP 类型返回在 json 中编码的数据。值true, falsenull 会相应地返回 TRUE, FALSENULL。 如果 json 无法被解码, 或者编码数据深度超过了递归限制的话,将会返回NULL

更新日志

版本 说明
7.3.0 JSON_THROW_ON_ERROR options was added.
7.2.0 JSON_INVALID_UTF8_IGNORE, and JSON_INVALID_UTF8_SUBSTITUTE options were added.
7.1.0 An empty JSON key ("") can be encoded to the empty object property instead of using a key with value _empty_.
7.0.0 Rejected RFC 7159 incompatible number formats - top level (07, 0xff, .1, -.1) and all levels ([1.], [1.e1])
7.0.0 An empty PHP string or value that after casting to string is an empty string (NULL, FALSE) results in JSON syntax error.
5.6.0 Invalid non-lowercased variants of the true, false and null literals are no longer accepted as valid input, and will generate warnings.
5.4.0 JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING, and JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY options were added.
5.4.0 The options parameter was added.
5.3.0 Added the optional depth. The default recursion depth was increased from 128 to 512
5.2.3 The nesting limit was increased from 20 to 128
5.2.1 Added support for JSON decoding of basic types.

范例

Example #1 json_decode() 的例子

<?php
$json 
'{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue));

?>

以上例程会输出:

object(stdClass)#1 (5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

array(5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

Example #2 Accessing invalid object properties

Accessing elements within an object that contain characters not permitted under PHP's naming convention (e.g. the hyphen) can be accomplished by encapsulating the element name within braces and the apostrophe.

<?php

$json 
'{"foo-bar": 12345}';

$obj json_decode($json);
print 
$obj->{'foo-bar'}; // 12345

?>

Example #3 common mistakes using json_decode()

<?php

// the following strings are valid JavaScript but not valid JSON

// the name and value must be enclosed in double quotes
// single quotes are not valid 
$bad_json "{ 'bar': 'baz' }";
json_decode($bad_json); // null

// the name must be enclosed in double quotes
$bad_json '{ bar: "baz" }';
json_decode($bad_json); // null

// trailing commas are not allowed
$bad_json '{ bar: "baz", }';
json_decode($bad_json); // null

?>

Example #4 depth errors

<?php
// Encode the data.
$json json_encode(
    array(
        
=> array(
            
'English' => array(
                
'One',
                
'January'
            
),
            
'French' => array(
                
'Une',
                
'Janvier'
            
)
        )
    )
);

// Define the errors.
$constants get_defined_constants(true);
$json_errors = array();
foreach (
$constants["json"] as $name => $value) {
    if (!
strncmp($name"JSON_ERROR_"11)) {
        
$json_errors[$value] = $name;
    }
}

// Show the errors for different depths.
foreach (range(43, -1) as $depth) {
    
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue$depth));
    echo 
'Last error: '$json_errors[json_last_error()], PHP_EOLPHP_EOL;
}
?>

以上例程会输出:

array(1) {
  [1]=>
  array(2) {
    ["English"]=>
    array(2) {
      [0]=>
      string(3) "One"
      [1]=>
      string(7) "January"
    }
    ["French"]=>
    array(2) {
      [0]=>
      string(3) "Une"
      [1]=>
      string(7) "Janvier"
    }
  }
}
Last error: JSON_ERROR_NONE

NULL
Last error: JSON_ERROR_DEPTH

Example #5 json_decode() of large integers

<?php
$json 
'{"number": 12345678901234567890}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsonfalse512JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING));

?>

以上例程会输出:

object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  ["number"]=>
  float(1.2345678901235E+19)
}
object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  ["number"]=>
  string(20) "12345678901234567890"
}

注释

Note:

The JSON spec is not JavaScript, but a subset of JavaScript.

Note:

In the event of a failure to decode, json_last_error() can be used to determine the exact nature of the error.

参见

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