PHP 8.1.2 Released!

json_decode

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7, PHP 8, PECL json >= 1.2.0)

json_decode对 JSON 格式的字符串进行解码

说明

json_decode(
    string $json,
    bool $assoc = false,
    int $depth = 512,
    int $options = 0
): mixed

接受一个 JSON 编码的字符串并且把它转换为 PHP 变量

参数

json

待解码的 json string 格式的字符串。

这个函数仅能处理 UTF-8 编码的数据。

注意:

PHP 实现了 JSON 的一个超集,参考 » RFC 7159.

assoc

当该参数为 true 时,将返回 array 而非 object

depth

指定递归深度。

options

JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING, JSON_INVALID_UTF8_IGNORE, JSON_INVALID_UTF8_SUBSTITUTE, JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY, JSON_THROW_ON_ERROR 组成的掩码。 这些常量的行为在JSON constants页面有进一步描述。

返回值

通过恰当的 PHP 类型返回在 json 中编码的数据。值true, falsenull 会相应地返回 true, falsenull。 如果 json 无法被解码, 或者编码数据深度超过了递归限制的话,将会返回null

更新日志

版本 说明
7.3.0 JSON_THROW_ON_ERROR options was added.
7.2.0 JSON_INVALID_UTF8_IGNORE, and JSON_INVALID_UTF8_SUBSTITUTE options were added.
7.1.0 An empty JSON key ("") can be encoded to the empty object property instead of using a key with value _empty_.
7.0.0 Rejected RFC 7159 incompatible number formats - top level (07, 0xff, .1, -.1) and all levels ([1.], [1.e1])
7.0.0 An empty PHP string or value that after casting to string is an empty string (NULL, FALSE) results in JSON syntax error.
5.6.0 Invalid non-lowercased variants of the true, false and null literals are no longer accepted as valid input, and will generate warnings.
5.4.0 JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING, and JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY options were added.
5.4.0 The options parameter was added.
5.3.0 Added the optional depth. The default recursion depth was increased from 128 to 512
5.2.3 The nesting limit was increased from 20 to 128
5.2.1 Added support for JSON decoding of basic types.

范例

示例 #1 json_decode() 的例子

<?php
$json 
'{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue));

?>

以上例程会输出:

object(stdClass)#1 (5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

array(5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

示例 #2 Accessing invalid object properties

Accessing elements within an object that contain characters not permitted under PHP's naming convention (e.g. the hyphen) can be accomplished by encapsulating the element name within braces and the apostrophe.

<?php

$json 
'{"foo-bar": 12345}';

$obj json_decode($json);
print 
$obj->{'foo-bar'}; // 12345

?>

示例 #3 common mistakes using json_decode()

<?php

// the following strings are valid JavaScript but not valid JSON

// the name and value must be enclosed in double quotes
// single quotes are not valid 
$bad_json "{ 'bar': 'baz' }";
json_decode($bad_json); // null

// the name must be enclosed in double quotes
$bad_json '{ bar: "baz" }';
json_decode($bad_json); // null

// trailing commas are not allowed
$bad_json '{ bar: "baz", }';
json_decode($bad_json); // null

?>

示例 #4 depth errors

<?php
// Encode the data.
$json json_encode(
    array(
        
=> array(
            
'English' => array(
                
'One',
                
'January'
            
),
            
'French' => array(
                
'Une',
                
'Janvier'
            
)
        )
    )
);

// Define the errors.
$constants get_defined_constants(true);
$json_errors = array();
foreach (
$constants["json"] as $name => $value) {
    if (!
strncmp($name"JSON_ERROR_"11)) {
        
$json_errors[$value] = $name;
    }
}

// Show the errors for different depths.
foreach (range(43, -1) as $depth) {
    
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue$depth));
    echo 
'Last error: '$json_errors[json_last_error()], PHP_EOLPHP_EOL;
}
?>

以上例程会输出:

array(1) {
  [1]=>
  array(2) {
    ["English"]=>
    array(2) {
      [0]=>
      string(3) "One"
      [1]=>
      string(7) "January"
    }
    ["French"]=>
    array(2) {
      [0]=>
      string(3) "Une"
      [1]=>
      string(7) "Janvier"
    }
  }
}
Last error: JSON_ERROR_NONE

NULL
Last error: JSON_ERROR_DEPTH

示例 #5 json_decode() of large integers

<?php
$json 
'{"number": 12345678901234567890}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsonfalse512JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING));

?>

以上例程会输出:

object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  ["number"]=>
  float(1.2345678901235E+19)
}
object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  ["number"]=>
  string(20) "12345678901234567890"
}

注释

注意:

The JSON spec is not JavaScript, but a subset of JavaScript.

注意:

In the event of a failure to decode, json_last_error() can be used to determine the exact nature of the error.

参见

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
7
Alien426
9 months ago
Browsers don't choke on integers _starting_ with BigInt (64 bits), but before that (53 bits). The introduction of BigInt to modern browsers doesn't help much, when JSON handling functions do not support it. So I am trying to remedy that. My approach is to handle the decoded array before re-encoding it to a string:
<?php
function fix_large_int(&$value)
{
  if (
is_int($value) && $value > 9007199254740991)
   
$value = strval($value);
}
$json_str = '{"id":[1234567890123456789,12345678901234567890]}';
$json_arr = json_decode($json_str, flags: JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING | JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY);
echo(
json_encode($json_arr)); // {"id":[1234567890123456789,"12345678901234567890"]} (BigInt is already converted to a string here)
array_walk_recursive($json_arr, 'fix_large_int');
echo(
json_encode($json_arr)); // {"id":["1234567890123456789","12345678901234567890"]}
?>
up
1
as-works at narod dot ru
2 months ago
On some PHP7+ systems php_json functions can be undefined (i faced it on Oracle Linux Enterprice with php 7.4 installed from REMI repository). If you have the same problem, try to install separated php-json module:

# yum install php-json

Hope this helps.
up
0
Lennart Hengstmengel
2 days ago
JSON can be decoded to PHP arrays by using the $associative = true option. Be wary that associative arrays in PHP can be a "list" or "object" when converted to/from JSON, depending on the keys (of absence of them).

You would expect that recoding and re-encoding will always yield the same JSON string, but take this example:

    $json = '{"0": "No", "1": "Yes"}';
    $array = json_decode($json, true);  // decode as associative hash
    print json_encode($array) . PHP_EOL;

This will output a different JSON string than the original:

    ["No","Yes"]

The object has turned into an array!

Similarly, a array that doesn't have consecutive zero based numerical indexes, will be encoded to a JSON object instead of a list.

    $array = [
        'first',
        'second',
        'third',
    ];
    print json_encode($array) . PHP_EOL;
    // remove the second element
    unset($array[1]);
    print json_encode($array) . PHP_EOL;

The output will be:

    ["first","second","third"]
    {"0":"first","2":"third"}

The array has turned into an object!

In other words, decoding/encoding to/from PHP arrays is not always symmetrical, or might not always return what you expect!

On the other hand, decoding/encoding from/to stdClass objects (the default) is always symmetrical.

Arrays may be somewhat easier to work with/transform than objects. But especially if you need to decode, and re-encode json, it might be prudent to decode to objects and not arrays.

If you want to enforce an array to encode to a JSON list (all array keys will be discarded), use:

    json_encode(array_values($array));

If you want to enforce an array to encode to a JSON object, use:

    json_encode((object)$array);

See also: https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.array-is-list.php
up
1
cubefox at web dot NOSPAMPLEASE dot de
1 year ago
Warning: As the section "return values" mentions, the return value NULL is ambiguos. To repeat, it can mean three things:

* The input string had the value "null"
* There was an error while parsing the input data
* The encoded data was deeper than the recursion limit

To distinguish these cases, json_last_error() can be used.
up
-2
greaties at ghvernuft dot nl
8 months ago
To load an object with data in json format:

function loadJSON($Obj, $json)
{
    $dcod = json_decode($json);
    $prop = get_object_vars ( $dcod );
    foreach($prop as $key => $lock)
    {
        if(property_exists ( $Obj ,  $key ))
        {
            if(is_object($dcod->$key))
            {
                loadJSON($Obj->$key, json_encode($dcod->$key));
            }
            else
            {
                $Obj->$key = $dcod->$key;
            }
        }
    }
}
up
-6
Anonymous
3 months ago
<?php

$array
= [0 => "foo", 1 => "bar", 2 => ["baz"]];

$associative = false;

var_dump(
   
json_decode(
       
json_encode($array),
       
$associative
   
)
);

?>

The above will output
<?php
/*
array (size=3)
  0 => string 'foo' (length=3)
  1 => string 'bar' (length=3)
  2 =>
    array (size=1)
      0 => string 'baz' (length=3)
*/
?>

Considering <?php $associative = false; ?> one might expect
<?php
/*
object(stdClass)
  public '0' => string 'foo' (length=3)
  public '1' => string 'bar' (length=3)
  public '2' =>
    object(stdClass)
      public '0' => string 'baz' (length=3)
*/
?>

an stdClass object instead of an array, but this is incorrect.
json_decode will always return an array for a sequentially encoded array, regardless of the ?bool $associative 2nd argument

Which is inline with the above mentioned docs/spec
    > Returns the value encoded in json in appropriate PHP type

Considering that the 1st arg was a sequentially encoded array as a json string
    '["foo","bar",["baz"]]'
up
-19
mattia
11 months ago
if you're using ajax to post, and your JavaScript code looks like this:

<code>
    var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xhttp.open("POST", "something.php", true);
    xhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json");
    xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
             // do something
        }
    };
    var data = {some: "thing"};
    xhttp.send(JSON.stringify(data));
</code>

then in <code>something.php</code> you can retrieve your json by doing

<?php
$data
= json_decode(file_get_contents("php://input"), true);
?>
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