Declaring sub-namespaces

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0, PHP 7)

Much like directories and files, PHP namespaces also contain the ability to specify a hierarchy of namespace names. Thus, a namespace name can be defined with sub-levels:

Example #1 Declaring a single namespace with hierarchy

<?php
namespace MyProject\Sub\Level;

const 
CONNECT_OK 1;
class 
Connection /* ... */ }
function 
connect() { /* ... */  }

?>
The above example creates constant MyProject\Sub\Level\CONNECT_OK, class MyProject\Sub\Level\Connection and function MyProject\Sub\Level\connect.

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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-10
saifullahkhan1722001 at gmail dot com
2 months ago
I have read much about namespaces i found it very useful. But there was a time when i try to learn php namespaces i became irritate because i was unable to understand the. I know there are still many peoples out there who can't understand it. For those i have found a simple way to understand namespaces in php
Example:
You have a dog name "abcd" and after some day you bought new dog but  unfortunately the new dog have same name as your first dog. Now whenever you will call "abcd" both of the dogs will come but you don't want both of them. To solve this problem we use namespaces in
Coding Example:
If you want to create two functions, Constants, Classes on the same file you will face an error because you cannot create two same name functions, classes, constants in same file in any programming language.
Example in Code:

Problem
----------
<?php

function abc(){
    return
"Hello World";
}
function
abc(){
    return
"Hello World";
}
abcd(); // Error because we cannot use same name for functions
?>

Solution
----------
<?php
namespace first_function;
function
abc(){
    return
"Hello World";
}
namespace
second_function;
function
abc(){
    return
"Hello World";
}
/*Now to call any of these functions first you will have to specify the namespace of target function like. Note this example is to call functions only*/

function second_example\abc();

?>
now one problem here is how would we difference between functions, classes and constants
for that whenever we will call function we will have to tell the interpreter that we are calling functions from given namespace as i already have called

Step 1.
Tell the interpreter the type of target.
Step 2.
Type the namespace you have use.
Step 3.
Call your target functions, class or constant.
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