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mb_str_split

(PHP 7 >= 7.4.0, PHP 8)

mb_str_splitGiven a multibyte string, return an array of its characters

Description

mb_str_split(string $string, int $length = 1, ?string $encoding = null): array

This function will return an array of strings, it is a version of str_split() with support for encodings of variable character size as well as fixed-size encodings of 1,2 or 4 byte characters. If the length parameter is specified, the string is broken down into chunks of the specified length in characters (not bytes). The encoding parameter can be optionally specified and it is good practice to do so.

Liste de paramètres

string

The chaîne de caractères to split into characters or chunks.

length

If specified, each element of the returned array will be composed of multiple characters instead of a single character.

encoding

Le paramètre encoding est l'encodage des caractères. S'il est omis ou null, l'encodage de caractères interne sera utilisé.

A string specifying one of the supported encodings.

Valeurs de retour

mb_str_split() returns an array of strings.

Historique

Version Description
8.0.0 encoding est désormais nullable.
8.0.0 This function no longer returns false on failure.

Voir aussi

  • str_split() - Convertit une chaîne de caractères en tableau

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
4
info at ensostudio dot ru
11 months ago
Note: function return NULL if can't convert argument type.

Polyfill PHP < 7.4 based on package "symfony/polyfill-mbstring":
<?php
function mb_str_split($string, $split_length = 1, $encoding = null)
{
    if (
null !== $string && !\is_scalar($string) && !(\is_object($string) && \method_exists($string, '__toString'))) {
       
trigger_error('mb_str_split(): expects parameter 1 to be string, '.\gettype($string).' given', E_USER_WARNING);
        return
null;
    }
    if (
null !== $split_length && !\is_bool($split_length) && !\is_numeric($split_length)) {
       
trigger_error('mb_str_split(): expects parameter 2 to be int, '.\gettype($split_length).' given', E_USER_WARNING);
        return
null;
    }
   
$split_length = (int) $split_length;
    if (
1 > $split_length) {
       
trigger_error('mb_str_split(): The length of each segment must be greater than zero', E_USER_WARNING);
        return
false;
    }
    if (
null === $encoding) {
       
$encoding = mb_internal_encoding();
    } else {
       
$encoding = (string) $encoding;
    }
   
    if (!
in_array($encoding, mb_list_encodings(), true)) {
        static
$aliases;
        if (
$aliases === null) {
           
$aliases = [];
            foreach (
mb_list_encodings() as $encoding) {
               
$encoding_aliases = mb_encoding_aliases($encoding);
                if (
$encoding_aliases) {
                    foreach (
$encoding_aliases as $alias) {
                       
$aliases[] = $alias;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        if (!
in_array($encoding, $aliases, true)) {
           
trigger_error('mb_str_split(): Unknown encoding "'.$encoding.'"', E_USER_WARNING);
            return
null;
        }
    }
   
   
$result = [];
   
$length = mb_strlen($string, $encoding);
    for (
$i = 0; $i < $length; $i += $split_length) {
       
$result[] = mb_substr($string, $i, $split_length, $encoding);
    }
    return
$result;
}
?>
up
-1
vovan-ve at yandex dot ru
11 months ago
Lazy polyfill for UTF-8 only:

function utf8_str_split(string $input, int $splitLength = 1)
{
    $re = \sprintf('/\\G.{1,%d}+/us', $splitLength);
    \preg_match_all($re, $input, $m);
    return $m[0];
}
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