PHP 8.4.0 Alpha 2 available for testing


(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

session_nameLit et/ou modifie le nom de la session


session_name(?string $name = null): string|false

session_name() retourne le nom de la session courante. Si le paramètre name est fourni, session_name() modifiera le nom de la session et retournera l'ancien nom de la session.

Si un nouveau nom de session name est fourni, session_name() modifie le cookie HTTP (et le contenue de sortie quand session.transid est activé). Une fois que le cookie HTTP est envoyé, session_name() émet une erreur. session_name() doit être appelé avant session_start() pour que la session fonctionne correctement.

Le nom de la session est réinitialisé à la valeur par défaut, stockée dans lors du démarrage. Ainsi, vous devez appeler session_name() pour chaque demande (et avant que session_start() soit appelé).

Liste de paramètres


Le nom de session est utilisé comme nom pour les cookies et les URLs (i.e. PHPSESSID). Il ne doit contenir que des caractères alphanumériques ; il doit être court et descriptif (surtout pour les utilisateurs ayant activé l'alerte cookie). Si name est fourni et non null, le nom de la session courante sera remplacé par cette valeur.


Les noms de session ne peuvent pas contenir uniquement des chiffres, au moins une lettre doit être présente. Sinon, un identifiant de session sera généré à chaque fois.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne le nom de la session courante. Si le paramètre name est fourni et que la fonction met à jour le nom de la session, alors l'ancien nom de session sera retourné, ou false si une erreur survient.


Version Description
8.0.0 name est désormais nullable.
7.2.0 session_name() vérifie l'état de la session, auparavant elle vérifiait uniquement l'état du cookie. Par conséquent, les versions plus anciennes de session_name() autorise l'appel de session_name() après session_start() ce qui peut causer le plantage de PHP et peut donner lieu à des comportements étranges.


Exemple #1 Exemple avec session_name()


/* choisi le nom de session : WebsiteID */

$previous_name = session_name("WebsiteID");

"L'ancien nom de la session était $previous_name<br />";

Voir aussi

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User Contributed Notes 10 notes

Hongliang Qiang
20 years ago
This may sound no-brainer: the session_name() function will have no essential effect if you set session.auto_start to "true" in php.ini . And the obvious explanation is the session already started thus cannot be altered before the session_name() function--wherever it is in the script--is executed, same reason session_name needs to be called before session_start() as documented.

I know it is really not a big deal. But I had a quite hard time before figuring this out, and hope it might be helpful to someone like me.
php at wiz dot cx
15 years ago
if you try to name a php session "" it gets converted to "example_com" and everything breaks.

don't use a period in your session name.
relsqui at chiliahedron dot com
15 years ago
Remember, kids--you MUST use session_name() first if you want to use session_set_cookie_params() to, say, change the session timeout. Otherwise it won't work, won't give any error, and nothing in the documentation (that I've seen, anyway) will explain why.

Thanks to brandan of who left a note under session_set_cookie_params() explaining this or I'd probably still be throwing my hands up about it.
Joseph Dalrymple
13 years ago
For those wondering, this function is expensive!

On a script that was executing in a consistent 0.0025 seconds, just the use of session_name("foo") shot my execution time up to ~0.09s. By simply sacrificing session_name("foo"), I sped my script up by roughly 0.09 seconds.
Victor H
8 years ago
As Joseph Dalrymple said, adding session_name do slow down a little bit the execution time.
But, what i've observed is that it decreased the fluctuation between requests.
Requests on my script fluctuated between 0,045 and 0,022 seconds. With session_name("myapp"), it goes to 0,050 and 0,045. Not a big deal, but that's a point to note.

For those with problems setting the name, when session.auto_start is set to 1, you need to set the on php.ini!
mmulej at gmail dot com
3 years ago
Hope this is not out of noting scope.

session_name('name') must be set before session_start() because the former changes ini settings and the latter reads them. For the same reason session_set_cookie_params($options) must be set before session_start() as well.

I find it best to do the following.

function is_session_started()
if (php_sapi_name() === 'cli')
return false;

if (version_compare(phpversion(), '5.4.0', '>='))
return session_status() === PHP_SESSION_ACTIVE;

return session_id() !== '';
if (!is_session_started()) {
tony at marston-home dot demon dot co dot uk
6 years ago
The description that session_name() gets and/or sets the name of the current session is technically wrong. It does nothing but deal with the value originally supplied by the value within the php.ini file.

$name = session_name();
is functionally equivalent to
$name = ini_get('');
is functionally equivalent to

This also means that:
$old_name = session_name('newname');
is functionally equivalent to
$old_name = ini_set('','newname');

The current value of is not attached to a session until session_start() is called. Once session_start() has used to lookup the session_id() in the cookie data the name becomes irrelevant as all further operations on the session data are keyed by the session_id().

Note that changing while a session is currently active will not update the name in any session cookie. The new name does not take effect until the next call to session_start(), and this requires that the current session, which was created with the previous value for, be closed.
tony at marston-home dot demon dot co dot uk
6 years ago
The description has recently been modified to contain the statement "When new session name is supplied, session_name() modifies HTTP cookie". This is not correct as session_name() has never modified any cookie data. A change in does not become effective until session_start() is called, and it is session_start() that creates the cookie if it does not already exist.

See the following bug report for details:
descartavel1+php at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Always try to set the prefix for your session name attribute to either `__Host-` or `__Secure-` to benefit from Browsers improved security. See

Also, if you have auto_session enabled, you must set this name in in your config (php.ini, htaccess, etc)
slave at codegrunt dot com
19 years ago
One gotcha I have noticed with session_name is that it will trigger a WARNING level error if the cookie or GET/POST variable value has something other than alphanumeric characters in it. If your site displays warnings and uses PHP sessions this may be a way to enumerate at least some of your scripts:

Warning: session_start(): The session id contains invalid characters, valid characters are only a-z, A-Z and 0-9 in /some/path/foo.php on line 666

I did not see anything in the docs suggesting that one had to sanitize the PHP session ID values before opening the session but that appears to be the case.

Unfortunately session_name() always returns true so you have to actually get to the point of assigning variables values before you know whether you have been passed bad session data (as far as I can see). After the error has been generated in other words.

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