CascadiaPHP 2024

$_SESSION

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

$_SESSIONVariables de session

Description

Un tableau associatif des valeurs stockées dans les sessions, et accessible au script courant. Voyez l'extension Sessions pour plus de détails sur comment est utilisée cette variable.

Notes

Note:

Ceci est une 'superglobale', ou variable globale automatique. Cela signifie simplement que cette variable est disponible dans tous les contextes du script. Il n'est pas nécessaire de faire global $variable; pour y accéder dans les fonctions ou les méthodes.

Voir aussi

  • session_start() - Démarre une nouvelle session ou reprend une session existante

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

up
101
Tugrul
9 years ago
Creating New Session
==========================
<?php
session_start
();
/*session is started if you don't write this line can't use $_Session global variable*/
$_SESSION["newsession"]=$value;
?>
Getting Session
==========================
<?php
session_start
();
/*session is started if you don't write this line can't use $_Session global variable*/
$_SESSION["newsession"]=$value;
/*session created*/
echo $_SESSION["newsession"];
/*session was getting*/
?>
Updating Session
==========================
<?php
session_start
();
/*session is started if you don't write this line can't use $_Session global variable*/
$_SESSION["newsession"]=$value;
/*it is my new session*/
$_SESSION["newsession"]=$updatedvalue;
/*session updated*/
?>
Deleting Session
==========================
<?php
session_start
();
/*session is started if you don't write this line can't use $_Session global variable*/
$_SESSION["newsession"]=$value;
unset(
$_SESSION["newsession"]);
/*session deleted. if you try using this you've got an error*/
?>
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9
bohwaz
15 years ago
Please note that if you have register_globals to On, global variables associated to $_SESSION variables are references, so this may lead to some weird situations.

<?php

session_start
();

$_SESSION['test'] = 42;
$test = 43;
echo
$_SESSION['test'];

?>

Load the page, OK it displays 42, reload the page... it displays 43.

The solution is to do this after each time you do a session_start() :

<?php

if (ini_get('register_globals'))
{
foreach (
$_SESSION as $key=>$value)
{
if (isset(
$GLOBALS[$key]))
unset(
$GLOBALS[$key]);
}
}

?>
up
0
opajaap at opajaap dot nl
10 years ago
Be carefull with $_SESSION array elements when you have the same name as a normal global.

The following example leads to unpredictable behaviour of the $wppa array elements, some are updated by normal code, some not, it is totally unpredictable what happens.

<?php
global $wppa;
$wppa = array( 'elm1' => 'value1', 'elm2' => 'value2', ....etc...);

if ( !
session_id() ) @ session_start();
if ( ! isset(
$_SESSION['wppa']) $_SESSION['wppa'] = array();

if ( ! isset(
$_SESSION['wppa']['album']) ) $_SESSION['wppa']['album'] = array();
$_SESSION['wppa']['album'][1234] = 1;

$wppa['elm1'] = 'newvalue1';

print_r($_SESSION);
?>
This will most likely display Array ( [wppa] => Array ( [album] => Array ( [1234] => 1 ) [elm1] => 'newvalue1' [elm2] => 'value2' ... etc ...
But setting $wppa['elm1'] to another value or referring to it gives unpredictable results, maybe 'value1', or 'newvalue1'.

The most strange behaviour is that not all elements of $wppa[xx] show up as $_SESSION['wppa'][xx].
up
-40
jherry at netcourrier dot com
15 years ago
You may have trouble if you use '|' in the key:

$_SESSION["foo|bar"] = "fuzzy";

This does not work for me. I think it's because the serialisation of session object is using this char so the server reset your session when it cannot read it.

To make it work I replaced '|' by '_'.
up
-67
charlese at cvs dot com dot au
15 years ago
I was having troubles with session variables working in some environments and being seriously flaky in others. I was using $_SESSION as an array. It works properly when I used $_SESSION as pointers to arrays. As an example the following code works in some environments and not others.

<?php
//Trouble if I treate $form_convert and $_SESSION['form_convert'] as unrelated items
$form_convert=array();
if (isset(
$_SESSION['form_convert'])){
$form_convert=$_SESSION['form_convert'];
}
}
?>
The following works well.
<?php
if (isset($_SESSION['form_convert'])){
$form_convert = $_SESSION['form_convert'];
}else{
$form_convert = array();
$_SESSION['form_convert']=$form_convert;
}
?>
up
-46
ms at meilenstein dot ms
5 years ago
I would be wary to use PHP Sessions for application-critical tasks. So far, I have had very troubling experiences with random loss of session data, as described in these bug reports:

https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=19022
https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=19029
https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=70584
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