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json_decode

(PHP 5 >= 5.2.0, PHP 7, PHP 8, PECL json >= 1.2.0)

json_decodeDecodifica uma string JSON

Descrição

json_decode(string $json, bool $assoc = ?): mixed

Analisa a string codificada JSON e converte-a em uma variável do PHP.

Parâmetros

json

A string json a ser decodificada.

assoc

Quando true, o object retornado será convertido em array associativo.

Valor Retornado

Retorna um object ou um array associativo se o parâmetro opcional assoc é true.

Exemplos

Exemplo #1 json_decode() exemplos

<?php
$json 
'{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"d":4,"e":5}';

var_dump(json_decode($json));
var_dump(json_decode($jsontrue));

?>

O exemplo acima irá imprimir:

object(stdClass)#1 (5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

array(5) {
    ["a"] => int(1)
    ["b"] => int(2)
    ["c"] => int(3)
    ["d"] => int(4)
    ["e"] => int(5)
}

Exemplo #2 Um outro exemplo

<?php

$json 
'{"foo-bar": 12345}';

$obj json_decode($json);
print 
$obj->{'foo-bar'}; // 12345

?>

Notas

Cuidado

Esta função irá retorna false se o dado codificado JSON possui mais que 127 elementos.

Changelog

Versão Descrição
5.2.3 O limite de aninhamento foi aumentado de 20 para 128

Veja Também

add a note

User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
9
Lennart Hengstmengel
8 months ago
JSON can be decoded to PHP arrays by using the $associative = true option. Be wary that associative arrays in PHP can be a "list" or "object" when converted to/from JSON, depending on the keys (of absence of them).

You would expect that recoding and re-encoding will always yield the same JSON string, but take this example:

    $json = '{"0": "No", "1": "Yes"}';
    $array = json_decode($json, true);  // decode as associative hash
    print json_encode($array) . PHP_EOL;

This will output a different JSON string than the original:

    ["No","Yes"]

The object has turned into an array!

Similarly, a array that doesn't have consecutive zero based numerical indexes, will be encoded to a JSON object instead of a list.

    $array = [
        'first',
        'second',
        'third',
    ];
    print json_encode($array) . PHP_EOL;
    // remove the second element
    unset($array[1]);
    print json_encode($array) . PHP_EOL;

The output will be:

    ["first","second","third"]
    {"0":"first","2":"third"}

The array has turned into an object!

In other words, decoding/encoding to/from PHP arrays is not always symmetrical, or might not always return what you expect!

On the other hand, decoding/encoding from/to stdClass objects (the default) is always symmetrical.

Arrays may be somewhat easier to work with/transform than objects. But especially if you need to decode, and re-encode json, it might be prudent to decode to objects and not arrays.

If you want to enforce an array to encode to a JSON list (all array keys will be discarded), use:

    json_encode(array_values($array));

If you want to enforce an array to encode to a JSON object, use:

    json_encode((object)$array);

See also: https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.array-is-list.php
up
6
Alien426
1 year ago
Browsers don't choke on integers _starting_ with BigInt (64 bits), but before that (53 bits). The introduction of BigInt to modern browsers doesn't help much, when JSON handling functions do not support it. So I am trying to remedy that. My approach is to handle the decoded array before re-encoding it to a string:
<?php
function fix_large_int(&$value)
{
  if (
is_int($value) && $value > 9007199254740991)
   
$value = strval($value);
}
$json_str = '{"id":[1234567890123456789,12345678901234567890]}';
$json_arr = json_decode($json_str, flags: JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING | JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY);
echo(
json_encode($json_arr)); // {"id":[1234567890123456789,"12345678901234567890"]} (BigInt is already converted to a string here)
array_walk_recursive($json_arr, 'fix_large_int');
echo(
json_encode($json_arr)); // {"id":["1234567890123456789","12345678901234567890"]}
?>
up
1
cubefox at web dot NOSPAMPLEASE dot de
1 year ago
Warning: As the section "return values" mentions, the return value NULL is ambiguos. To repeat, it can mean three things:

* The input string had the value "null"
* There was an error while parsing the input data
* The encoded data was deeper than the recursion limit

To distinguish these cases, json_last_error() can be used.
up
-6
greaties at ghvernuft dot nl
1 year ago
To load an object with data in json format:

function loadJSON($Obj, $json)
{
    $dcod = json_decode($json);
    $prop = get_object_vars ( $dcod );
    foreach($prop as $key => $lock)
    {
        if(property_exists ( $Obj ,  $key ))
        {
            if(is_object($dcod->$key))
            {
                loadJSON($Obj->$key, json_encode($dcod->$key));
            }
            else
            {
                $Obj->$key = $dcod->$key;
            }
        }
    }
}
up
-5
as-works at narod dot ru
10 months ago
On some PHP7+ systems php_json functions can be undefined (i faced it on Oracle Linux Enterprice with php 7.4 installed from REMI repository). If you have the same problem, try to install separated php-json module:

# yum install php-json

Hope this helps.
up
-9
Anonymous
1 year ago
<?php

$array
= [0 => "foo", 1 => "bar", 2 => ["baz"]];

$associative = false;

var_dump(
   
json_decode(
       
json_encode($array),
       
$associative
   
)
);

?>

The above will output
<?php
/*
array (size=3)
  0 => string 'foo' (length=3)
  1 => string 'bar' (length=3)
  2 =>
    array (size=1)
      0 => string 'baz' (length=3)
*/
?>

Considering <?php $associative = false; ?> one might expect
<?php
/*
object(stdClass)
  public '0' => string 'foo' (length=3)
  public '1' => string 'bar' (length=3)
  public '2' =>
    object(stdClass)
      public '0' => string 'baz' (length=3)
*/
?>

an stdClass object instead of an array, but this is incorrect.
json_decode will always return an array for a sequentially encoded array, regardless of the ?bool $associative 2nd argument

Which is inline with the above mentioned docs/spec
    > Returns the value encoded in json in appropriate PHP type

Considering that the 1st arg was a sequentially encoded array as a json string
    '["foo","bar",["baz"]]'
up
-22
mattia
1 year ago
if you're using ajax to post, and your JavaScript code looks like this:

<code>
    var xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xhttp.open("POST", "something.php", true);
    xhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json");
    xhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
             // do something
        }
    };
    var data = {some: "thing"};
    xhttp.send(JSON.stringify(data));
</code>

then in <code>something.php</code> you can retrieve your json by doing

<?php
$data
= json_decode(file_get_contents("php://input"), true);
?>
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