(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

$_ENVVariáveis de ambiente


Um array associativo de variáveis passadas para o script atual via o método do ambiente.

Estas variáveis são importadas para o PHP do ambiente sob o qual o parser do PHP é executado. Muitas são providas pelo shell sob o qual o PHP é executado e diferentes sistemas são prováveis executar diferentes tipos de shells, uma lista definitiva é impossível. Veja a documentação de shellp para saber a lista de variáveis de ambiente definidas.

Outras variáveis de ambiente incluem variáveis CGI, elas aparecem desconsiderando se o PHP é executado como um módulo do servidor ou processador CGI.


Exemplo #1 Exemplo da $_ENV

echo 'Meu nome de usuário é ' .$_ENV["USER"] . '!';

Assumindo que "bjori" executou este script

O exemplo acima irá imprimir algo similar à:

Meu nome de usuário é bjori!



Esta é uma 'superglobal', ou variável global automática. Isto significa que ela está disponível em todos escopos pelo script. Não há necessidade de fazer global $variable; para acessá-la dentro de uma função ou método.

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User Contributed Notes 10 notes

gabe-php at mudbugmedia dot com
11 years ago
If your $_ENV array is mysteriously empty, but you still see the variables when calling getenv() or in your phpinfo(), check your http://us.php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.variables-order ini setting to ensure it includes "E" in the string.
david at davidfavor dot com
9 years ago
Comments for this page seem to indicate getenv() returns environment variables in all cases.

For getenv() to work, php.ini variables_order must contain 'E'.
aasasdasdf at yandex dot ru
7 years ago
Please note that writing to $_ENV does not actually set an environment variable, i.e. the variable will not propagate to any child processes you launch (except forked script processes, in which case it's just a variable in the script's memory). To set real environment variables, you must use putenv().

Basically, setting a variable in $_ENV does not have any meaning besides setting or overriding a script-wide global variable. Thus, one should never modify $_ENV except for testing purposes (and then be careful to use putenv() too, if appropriate).

PHP  will not trigger any kind of error or notice when writing to $_ENV.
11 years ago
If $_ENV is empty because variables_order does not include it, it will be filled with values fetched by getenv().

For example, when calling getenv("REMOTE_ADDR"), $_ENV['REMOTE_ADDR'] will be defined as well (if such an environment variable exists).
php at isnoop dot net
11 years ago
If you wish to define an environment variable in your Apache vhost file, use the directive SetEnv.

SetEnv varname "variable value"

It is important to note that this new variable will appear in $_SERVER, not $_ENV.
Andrew @ Island Architectural Woodwork
1 month ago
When placing the environment variables in the httpd.conf file of my Apache server, I can access those variables by using getenv(). When I use $_ENV[] or $_SERVER[], they are not accessible. Inside my php.ini file, the variables-order property is configured with 'E' included; noted by other users.

When placing the environment variables in the httpd-vhosts.conf file of my Apache server, I can access those variables by using getenv(), as well as $_SERVER[]. Using $_ENV[] still does not work for me. Calling getenv() before $_ENV[] didn't seem to work either.

$_SERVER[] will remain as my solution.
Tit Petric
4 years ago
If you're using php-fpm you might want to set `clean_env = no`. This setting cleans the environment variables by default, meaning that PHP would be started with a clean environment.
kobenews at cox dot net
3 years ago
If running php-fpm with the default production variables_order = GPCS, $_ENV will always be an empty array. Instead of reading the superglobal $_ENV use the built-in function getenv() or read from $_SERVER['ENV-KEY-HERE'].
3 years ago
@Tit Petric - I believe you meant: clear_env=no

not clean_env

Set the above in your PHP-FPM config to prevent clearing ENV vars
ewilde aht bsmdevelopment dawt com
12 years ago
When running a PHP program under the command line, the $_SERVER["SERVER_NAME"] variable does not contain the hostname. However, the following works for me under Unix/Linux and Windows:

if (isset($_ENV["HOSTNAME"]))
$MachineName = $_ENV["HOSTNAME"];
else if  (isset(
$MachineName = $_ENV["COMPUTERNAME"];
$MachineName = "";
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