stream_socket_server

(PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

stream_socket_server创建 Internet 或 Unix 域服务器套接字

说明

stream_socket_server(
    string $address,
    int &$error_code = null,
    string &$error_message = null,
    int $flags = STREAM_SERVER_BIND | STREAM_SERVER_LISTEN,
    ?resource $context = null
): resource|false

在指定 address 上创建 stream 或者数据包套接字(datagram socket)。

此函数仅创建套接字,并使用 stream_socket_accept() 开始接受连接。

参数

address

传输器决定创建的套接字类型,其传输器由标准 URL 格式(transport://target)指定。

对于 Internet 域套接字(AF_INET),比如 TCP 和 UDP, remote_socket 参数的 target 部分应由主机名或者 IP 地址,随后跟着冒号和端口号组成。 对于 Unix 域套接字, target 部分指向文件系统中的套接字文件。

环境的不同,可能会导致 Unix 域套接字无法使用。可以使用 stream_get_transports() 检索可以使用的传输器列表。查看所支持的套接字传输器列表获取内置传输器列表。

error_code

如果指定了可选的 error_codeerror_message 参数,它们将被设置为指出在系统级别进行 socket()bind()listen() 调用时发生的真实系统级别错误。如果 error_code 返回的值为 0 且函数返回 false,则表明错误发生在 bind() 调用之前。请注意 error_codeerror_message 始终通过引用传递。

error_message

参阅 error_code 描述。

flags

位掩码字段,可以设置为套接字创建 flag 的任意组合。

注意:

对于 UDP 套接字,你必须使用 STREAM_SERVER_BIND 作为 flags 参数。

context

返回值

返回已创建的 stream,错误时返回 false

更新日志

版本 说明
8.0.0 context 现在可为 null。

范例

示例 #1 使用 TCP 服务器套接字

<?php
$socket 
stream_socket_server("tcp://0.0.0.0:8000"$errno$errstr);
if (!
$socket) {
  echo 
"$errstr ($errno)<br />\n";
} else {
  while (
$conn stream_socket_accept($socket)) {
    
fwrite($conn'The local time is ' date('n/j/Y g:i a') . "\n");
    
fclose($conn);
  }
  
fclose($socket);
}
?>

下面的示例展示了如何充当时间服务器,可以响应时间查询,正如 stream_socket_client() 上的示例。

注意: 大多数系统在低于 1024 的端口号上创建服务器套接字时需要 root 访问权限。

示例 #2 使用 UDP 服务器套接字

<?php
$socket 
stream_socket_server("udp://127.0.0.1:1113"$errno$errstrSTREAM_SERVER_BIND);
if (!
$socket) {
    die(
"$errstr ($errno)");
}

do {
    
$pkt stream_socket_recvfrom($socket10$peer);
    echo 
"$peer\n";
    
stream_socket_sendto($socketdate("D M j H:i:s Y\r\n"), 0$peer);
} while (
$pkt !== false);

?>

注释

注意: 当指定数值型的 IPv6 地址(例如 fe80::1)时必须用方括号将 IP 围起来——例如, tcp://[fe80::1]:80

参见

add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

up
29
blackmac01 at gmail dot com
6 years ago
I'm writing an HTTP server and I need SSL support, but getting this to work correctly with PHP streams took a bit of trial and error. For anyone who is trying to get an HTTP SSL server working with stream_socket_server:

1) Your SSL context will need to contain 'local_cert'. If  you did not include your private key with your local_cert, you'll also need to specify 'local_pk' which is your RSA key.  Your keys and certs should be PEM encoded, which means base-64. If your certificate has intermediary certs, you will need to specify those in the correct order: Your signed cert, intermediary cert 1, intermediary cert 2, etc. Each cert in the list needs to validate the one above it, but you do not need to include the CA Root that your SSL signer provided; that should already be included with the client's software (i.e. trust root certs).

You can append your private key in the file with your certs, however I keep mine in its own file. If you see the word "encrypted" when you view your key with a text viewer, you need to enter the correct passphrase and specify the context "passphrase", otherwise you can leave that one out.

As a server, verify_peer is irrelevant and should be set to false (should always be true if you are acting as an SSL client). Both cafile and capath contexts are not needed for functioning as a SSL/TLS server, but they are needed if you are making SSL connections with PHP as the client.

Lastly, the 'ciphers' context should be set to a list of secure ciphers. Search for "mozilla recommended ciphers" and choose the string of ciphers that works for you, because not all openssl supported ciphers are secure. I went with the "intermediate" list, which provides high security and compatibility.

2) When you create the binding for stream_socket_server(), make sure that you choose the tcp:// wrapper. DO NOT USE ssl:// or tls://. Anything other than tcp:// will not work correctly AS A SERVER, those transports are what you use when making connections with PHP as a client.

Remember that the encryption does not start until after an SSL handshake completes, so the server has to listen in non-encrypted mode for new connections, and encryption doesn't start until certs are exchanged and a cipher is selected. When a new connection arrives you accept it with stream_socket_accept() and then use stream_socket_enable_crypto() to start the SSL session.

3) Keep in mind that the SSL handshake takes time, and that the stream_socket wrappers are high level and not as responsive as the socket extension due to the additional overhead they incur. For this reason you will need to enable blocking for accepting new connections.

<enable blocking on ServerListenStream>
newConnStream = stream_socket_accept(ServerListenStream);
<disable blocking on ServerListenStream>

<enable blocking on newConnStream >
stream_socket_enable_crypto(newConnStream, true, STREAM_CRYPTO_METHOD_SSLv23_SERVER);
<disable blocking on newConnStream >

Note that this is mainly for HTTP. If you are trying to do something like SMTP then your script will have to react to the "starttls" command, but it would be similar to the above except that you would wait for the "starttls" command before invoking the  stream_socket_enable_crypto() function on the client's stream.

TLS 1.0 is generally the way to go, SSLv3 is insecure and SSLv2 is buggy. If you use the mozilla recommend cipher list in your context, you'll be fine. Hope this helps someone out!
up
20
davidm at marketo dot com
12 years ago
In some specialized scenarios, you may want to create an AF_INET socket (UDP or TCP) but let the system select an unused port for you.  This is a standard feature of internet sockets but it doesn't seem to be documented how to do this for the stream_socket_server function.  It appears you can get this behavior by selecting zero for the port number, for example, my test below printed "127.0.0.1:4960".

<?php
  $sock
= stream_socket_server("udp://127.0.0.1:0");
 
$name = stream_socket_get_name($sock);
  echo
$name;
?>
up
20
Heretic86 at roadrunner dot com
1 year ago
This is an example of how to set up stream_socket_server to connect with multiple Secure Websockets on WSS (wss://) that uses SSL / TLS as a Transport. 

This runs on a Windows Apache Server with a registered domain and SSL Cert from LetsEncrypt via Certbot.

Run this script from a console "php server.php", and javascript html as a client with:
socket = new WebSocket('wss://php.net:1234');

<?php
$host
= '192.168.1.2';
$port = 1234;
$path = 'C:/Certbot/live/php.net/';
$transport = 'tlsv1.3';
$ssl = ['ssl' => [
         
'local_cert'  => $path . 'cert.pem',       // SSL Certificate
         
'local_pk'    => $path . 'privkey.pem',    // SSL Keyfile
         
'disable_compression' => true,             // TLS compression attack vulnerability
         
'verify_peer'         => false,            // Set this to true if acting as an SSL client
         
'ssltransport' => $transport,              // Transport Methods such as 'tlsv1.1', tlsv1.2'
       
] ];
$ssl_context = stream_context_create($ssl);
$server = stream_socket_server($transport . '://' . $host . ':' . $port, $errno, $errstr, STREAM_SERVER_BIND|STREAM_SERVER_LISTEN, $ssl_context);
if (!
$server) {  die("$errstr ($errno)"); }
$clients = array($server);
$write  = NULL;
$except = NULL;
while (
true) {
 
$changed = $clients;
 
stream_select($changed, $write, $except, 10);
  if (
in_array($server, $changed)) {
   
$client = @stream_socket_accept($server);
    if (!
$client){ continue; }
   
$clients[] = $client;
   
$ip = stream_socket_get_name( $client, true );
    echo
"New Client connected from $ip\n";
   
   
stream_set_blocking($client, true);
   
$headers = fread($client, 1500);
   
handshake($client, $headers, $host, $port);
   
stream_set_blocking($client, false);

   
send_message($clients, mask($ip . ' connected'));
   
$found_socket = array_search($server, $changed);
    unset(
$changed[$found_socket]);    
  }
  foreach (
$changed as $changed_socket) {
   
$ip = stream_socket_get_name( $changed_socket, true );
   
$buffer = stream_get_contents($changed_socket);
        if (
$buffer == false) {
      echo
"Client Disconnected from $ip\n";
      @
fclose($changed_socket);
           
$found_socket = array_search($changed_socket, $clients);
            unset(
$clients[$found_socket]);
        }
   
$unmasked = unmask($buffer);
    if (
$unmasked != "") { echo "\nReceived a Message from $ip:\n\"$unmasked\" \n"; }
   
$response = mask($unmasked);
   
send_message($clients, $response);
  }
}
fclose($server);

function
unmask($text) {
   
$length = @ord($text[1]) & 127;
    if(
$length == 126) {    $masks = substr($text, 4, 4);    $data = substr($text, 8); }
    elseif(
$length == 127) {    $masks = substr($text, 10, 4); $data = substr($text, 14); }
    else {
$masks = substr($text, 2, 4); $data = substr($text, 6); }
   
$text = "";
    for (
$i = 0; $i < strlen($data); ++$i) { $text .= $data[$i] ^ $masks[$i % 4];    }
    return
$text;
}
function
mask($text) {
   
$b1 = 0x80 | (0x1 & 0x0f);
   
$length = strlen($text);
    if(
$length <= 125)
       
$header = pack('CC', $b1, $length);
    elseif(
$length > 125 && $length < 65536)
       
$header = pack('CCn', $b1, 126, $length);
    elseif(
$length >= 65536)
       
$header = pack('CCNN', $b1, 127, $length);
    return
$header.$text;
}
function
handshake($client, $rcvd, $host, $port){
   
$headers = array();
   
$lines = preg_split("/\r\n/", $rcvd);
    foreach(
$lines as $line)
    {
       
$line = rtrim($line);
        if(
preg_match('/\A(\S+): (.*)\z/', $line, $matches)){
           
$headers[$matches[1]] = $matches[2];
        }
    }
   
$secKey = $headers['Sec-WebSocket-Key'];
   
$secAccept = base64_encode(pack('H*', sha1($secKey . '258EAFA5-E914-47DA-95CA-C5AB0DC85B11')));
   
//hand shaking header
   
$upgrade  = "HTTP/1.1 101 Web Socket Protocol Handshake\r\n" .
   
"Upgrade: websocket\r\n" .
   
"Connection: Upgrade\r\n" .
   
"WebSocket-Origin: $host\r\n" .
   
"WebSocket-Location: wss://$host:$port\r\n".
   
"Sec-WebSocket-Version: 13\r\n" .
   
"Sec-WebSocket-Accept:$secAccept\r\n\r\n";
 
fwrite($client, $upgrade);
}
function
send_message($clients, $msg){
    foreach(
$clients as $changed_socket){
    @
fwrite($changed_socket, $msg);
    }
}
?>
up
10
frxstrem
12 years ago
Using the OpenSSL extension, PHP can automatically generate self-signed SSL certificates, which can be used for basic authentication and encryption (although I would recommend to use a signed certificate instead) for SSL servers.

I have extended the script by 'e at osterman dot com' to automatically create self-signed certificates:

<?php
// Hello World! SSL HTTP Server.
// Tested on PHP 5.1.2-1+b1 (cli) (built: Mar 20 2006 04:17:24)

// Certificate data:
$dn = array(
   
"countryName" => "UK",
   
"stateOrProvinceName" => "Somerset",
   
"localityName" => "Glastonbury",
   
"organizationName" => "The Brain Room Limited",
   
"organizationalUnitName" => "PHP Documentation Team",
   
"commonName" => "Wez Furlong",
   
"emailAddress" => "wez@example.com"
);

// Generate certificate
$privkey = openssl_pkey_new();
$cert    = openssl_csr_new($dn, $privkey);
$cert    = openssl_csr_sign($cert, null, $privkey, 365);

// Generate PEM file
# Optionally change the passphrase from 'comet' to whatever you want, or leave it empty for no passphrase
$pem_passphrase = 'comet';
$pem = array();
openssl_x509_export($cert, $pem[0]);
openssl_pkey_export($privkey, $pem[1], $pem_passphrase);
$pem = implode($pem);

// Save PEM file
$pemfile = './server.pem';
file_put_contents($pemfile, $pem);

$context = stream_context_create();

// local_cert must be in PEM format
stream_context_set_option($context, 'ssl', 'local_cert', $pemfile);
// Pass Phrase (password) of private key
stream_context_set_option($context, 'ssl', 'passphrase', $pem_passphrase);

stream_context_set_option($context, 'ssl', 'allow_self_signed', true);
stream_context_set_option($context, 'ssl', 'verify_peer', false);

// Create the server socket
$server = stream_socket_server('ssl://0.0.0.0:9001', $errno, $errstr, STREAM_SERVER_BIND|STREAM_SERVER_LISTEN, $context);

while(
true)
{
   
$buffer = '';
    print
"waiting...";
   
$client = stream_socket_accept($server);
    print
"accepted " . stream_socket_get_name( $client, true) . "\n";
    if(
$client )
    {
       
// Read until double CRLF
       
while( !preg_match('/\r?\n\r?\n/', $buffer) )
           
$buffer .= fread($client, 2046);
       
// Respond to client
       
fwrite($client"200 OK HTTP/1.1\r\n"
                        
. "Connection: close\r\n"
                        
. "Content-Type: text/html\r\n"
                        
. "\r\n"
                        
. "Hello World! " . microtime(true)
                         .
"<pre>{$buffer}</pre>");
       
fclose($client);
    } else {
        print
"error.\n";
    }
}

?>
up
8
andrey at php dot net
18 years ago
Just a small example how to use this function and also stream_select() to make a server that accepts more than one connections (can have many clients connected):
In master we hold all opened connections. Just before calling stream select we copy the array to $read and then pass it ot stream_select(). In case that we may read from at least one socket, $read will contain socket descriptors. $master is needed not to lose references to the opened connections we have.
stream_server.php :
<?php

$master
= array();
$socket = stream_socket_server("tcp://0.0.0.0:8000", $errno, $errstr);
if (!
$socket) {
    echo
"$errstr ($errno)<br />\n";
} else {
   
$master[] = $socket;
   
$read = $master;
    while (
1) {
       
$read = $master;
       
$mod_fd = stream_select($read, $_w = NULL, $_e = NULL, 5);
        if (
$mod_fd === FALSE) {
            break;
        }
        for (
$i = 0; $i < $mod_fd; ++$i) {
            if (
$read[$i] === $socket) {
               
$conn = stream_socket_accept($socket);
               
fwrite($conn, "Hello! The time is ".date("n/j/Y g:i a")."\n");
               
$master[] = $conn;
            } else {
               
$sock_data = fread($read[$i], 1024);
               
var_dump($sock_data);
                if (
strlen($sock_data) === 0) { // connection closed
                   
$key_to_del = array_search($read[$i], $master, TRUE);
                   
fclose($read[$i]);
                    unset(
$master[$key_to_del]);
                } else if (
$sock_data === FALSE) {
                    echo
"Something bad happened";
                   
$key_to_del = array_search($read[$i], $master, TRUE);
                    unset(
$master[$key_to_del]);
                } else {
                    echo
"The client has sent :"; var_dump($sock_data);
                   
fwrite($read[$i], "You have sent :[".$sock_data."]\n");
                   
fclose($read[$i]);
                     unset(
$master[array_search($read[$i], $master)]);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
?>
stream_client.php:
<?php
$fp
= stream_socket_client("tcp://127.0.0.1:8000", $errno, $errstr, 30);
if (!
$fp) {
    echo
"$errstr ($errno)<br />\n";
} else {
   
fwrite($fp, "Aloha");
    while (!
feof($fp)) {
       
var_dump(fgets($fp, 1024));
    }
   
fclose($fp);
}
?>

Thanks
up
2
peterjb at me dot com
12 years ago
I had a horrible time trying to shove a TLS socket into an existing TCP program.  It appears to me that functions like stream_socket_recvfrom and stream_socket_sendto don't work with TLS/SSL (which may be obvious to PHP gurus...sorry if it is, I'm in a bit over my head here).

In the end I ended up doing all my IO with fread() and fwrite(), which solved all my problems.
up
1
Aurelien Marchand
11 years ago
In the case of AF_UNIX sockets, note the named sockets that will be created respects your umask(). So if you wanted your named socket to be writeable to all, do umask(0) prior to calling stream_socket_server().

AM
up
0
Anonymous
3 years ago
Some examples of socket server uses address 127.0.0.1 as below:

stream_socket_server("tcp://127.0.0.1:5353", $errno, $errorMessage);

While it works for localhost testing, when connecting to the socket server via external element, the IP should be "0.0.0.0" as below:

stream_socket_server("tcp://0.0.0.0:5353", $errno, $errorMessage);

root@server:~# netstat -anp | grep 5353
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:5353           0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      26353/php
up
-1
Julien Picalausa
13 years ago
You may have noticed that, unlike socket_listen, stream_socket_server doesn't have a backlog parameter. From the source code of php 5.2.9, it looks like the backlog parameter to the actual listen call is hardcoded to be 5. If this value doesn't suit your needs, you'll have to use the lower-level socket functions.
up
-4
Neil Munro
16 years ago
If you want a high speed socket server, use the low-level sockets instead (socket_create/bind/listen). The stream_socket_server version appears to have internal fixed 8k buffers that will overflow if you don't keep up by reading.

This is a serious problem if you an application that reads the socket for messages and then, say, saves the result in a database. The delay while it is busy processing means you can't read the data in time unless you get involved in muti-threading.

With the the low-level functions, the OS quietly buffers TCP/IP packets so there is no problem (tested on Windows XP Professional).
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