PHP 8.1.24 Released!

Den HTML-Bereich verlassen

Alles außerhalb eines Paares von öffnenden und schließenden Tags wird vom PHP-Parser ignoriert, was es ermöglicht, dass PHP-Dateien gemischten Inhalt haben können. Dadurch kann PHP in HTML-Dokumente eingebettet werden, zum Beispiel um Templates zu erstellen.

<p>Das hier wird von PHP ignoriert, und vom Browser angezeigt.</p>
<?php echo 'Wohingegen das hier geparst wird.'; ?>
<p>Dies wird ebenfalls von PHP ignoriert, und vom Browser angezeigt.</p>
Dies funktioniert wie erwartet, da der PHP-Interpreter, wenn er auf einen schließenden ?>-Tag trifft, einfach beginnt, alles mit Ausnahme des direkt folgenden Zeilenumbruchs (siehe auch den Abschnitt Abgrenzung von Anweisungen) auszugeben, bis er wieder auf einen öffnenden Tag stößt. Das gilt nicht in der Mitte einer bedingten Anweisung. In diesem Fall ermittelt der Interpreter das Resultat der Bedingung, bevor er entscheidet, was übersprungen wird. Siehe das folgende Beispiel.

Verwendung von Strukturen mit Bedingungen

Beispiel #1 Fortgeschrittene Ausgabe unter Verwendung von Bedingungen

<?php if ($expression == true): ?>
Dies wird angezeigt, wenn der Ausdruck wahr ist.
<?php else: ?>
Andernfalls wird dies angezeigt.
<?php endif; ?>
In diesem Beispiel überspringt PHP die Blöcke, in denen die Bedingung nicht erfüllt ist, obwohl diese außerhalb der öffnenden/schließenden PHP-Tags liegen; PHP überspringt sie entsprechend der Bedingung, da der PHP-Interpreter Blöcke innerhalb einer nicht erfüllten Bedingung überspringt.

Für die Ausgabe von großen Textblöcken ist der Ausstieg aus dem Parse-Modus generell effizienter, als den gesamten Text durch echo oder print zu jagen.


Wenn PHP in XML oder XHTML eingebettet wird, müssen die normalen <?php ?>-PHP-Tags verwenden werden, um die Standards einzuhalten.

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User Contributed Notes 12 notes

quickfur at quickfur dot ath dot cx
13 years ago
When the documentation says that the PHP parser ignores everything outside the <?php ... ?> tags, it means literally EVERYTHING. Including things you normally wouldn't consider "valid", such as the following:

<p<?php if ($highlight): ?> class="highlight"<?php endif;?>>This is a paragraph.</p>

Notice how the PHP code is embedded in the middle of an HTML opening tag. The PHP parser doesn't care that it's in the middle of an opening tag, and doesn't require that it be closed. It also doesn't care that after the closing ?> tag is the end of the HTML opening tag. So, if $highlight is true, then the output will be:

<p class="highlight">This is a paragraph.</p>

Otherwise, it will be:

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

Using this method, you can have HTML tags with optional attributes, depending on some PHP condition. Extremely flexible and useful!
ravenswd at gmail dot com
14 years ago
One aspect of PHP that you need to be careful of, is that ?> will drop you out of PHP code and into HTML even if it appears inside a // comment. (This does not apply to /* */ comments.) This can lead to unexpected results. For example, take this line:

= '<?php die(); ?>' . "\n";

If you try to remove it by turning it into a comment, you get this:

// $file_contents = '<?php die(); ?>' . "\n";

Which results in ' . "\n"; (and whatever is in the lines following it) to be output to your HTML page.

The cure is to either comment it out using /* */ tags, or re-write the line as:

= '<' . '?php die(); ?' . '>' . "\n";
gazianis005 at gmail dot com
6 months ago
There are two types of escaping from HTML.
1.Normal escaping of using outside of a pair of opening and closing tag
2.Advance escaping of using conditions.

Example of normal escaping

<p>This is going to be ignored by the php parser and displayed by the browser</p>
<?php echo 'This is going to be parsed';?>
<>This will also ignored by the php parser and displayed by the browser</>

Example of advanced escaping

<?php if($expression == true): ?>
This will show if expression is true
<?php else : ?>
Otherwise this will show
<?php endif ;?>
snor_007 at hotmail dot com
13 years ago
Playing around with different open and close tags I discovered you can actually mix different style open/close tags

some examples

//your php code here


<script language="php">
//php code here
sgurukrupa at gmail dot com
9 years ago
Although not specifically pointed out in the main text, escaping from HTML also applies to other control statements:

<?php for ($i = 0; $i < 5; ++$i): ?>
Hello, there!
<?php endfor; ?>

When the above code snippet is executed we get the following output:

Hello, there!
Hello, there!
Hello, there!
Hello, there!
anisgazig at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Version of 7.0.0,3 tags are available in php.
1.long form tag (<?php ?>)
2.short echo tag(<?= ?>)
3.short_open_tag(? ?)
You can use short_open_tag when you start xml with php.
1 year ago
Example for a basic implementation of ternary operator to validate and print a class in the layout.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title><?= $page_title ?></title>
<body <?= strtolower($page_slug) === 'homepage' ? 'class="page-homepage"' : ''; ?>>
<h1><?= $page_title ?></h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
mike at clove dot com
12 years ago
It's possible to write code to create php escapes which can be processed later by substituting \x3f for '?' - as in echo "<\x3fphp echo 'foo'; \x3f>";

This is useful for creating a template parser which later is rendered by PHP.
3 years ago
When the PHP interpreter hits the ?> closing tags, it WON'T output right away if it's inside of a conditional statement:
(no matter if it's an Alternative Syntax or not)

= 1;
$b = 2;
if (
$a === 1) {
if (
$b == 2) {
} else {

This would output `<html><head></head></html>`.
Aside from conditional statements, the PHP interpreter also skip over functions! What a surprise!

function show($a) {
<a href="https://www.<?php echo $a ?>.com">
<?php show("google") ?>

This gives `<html><body><a href="">Link</a></body></html>`.
These really confused me, because at first I thought it would output any HTML code right away, except for Alternative Syntaxes ( There are more strange cases than I thought.
2 years ago
Since it's not documented (AFAICT) and it might cause confusion: a single line break immediately after ?> is ignored. Since whitespace is hard to see, whitespace is replaced with _ and the following code

<?php echo '1'; ?>
echo '2'; ?>_
<?php echo '3'; ?>
_<?php echo '4'; ?>_<?php echo '5'; ?>

will produce

3 years ago
<p>This is ignore by the php parser and displayed by the browser </p>

<?php echo "While this is going to be parsed"; ?>


when php interpreter hits the closing tag it start to outputing everything whatever it finds until it hit another opening tag
.If php interpreter find a conditional statement in the middle of a block then php interpreter decided which block skip

Advanced escaping using conditions

<?php $a = 10; if($a<100): ?>
This conditional block is executed
<?php else: ?>
otherwise this will be executed
<?php endif; ?>

In php 5 version,there are 5 opening and closing tags.
1.<?php echo "standard long form php tag and if you use xml with php this tag will be use";?>

2.<?= "short echo tag and alwayes available from 5.4.0";?>

3.<? echo "short open tag which is available if short_open_tag is enable in php ini configuration file directive or php was configured with --enable-short-tags.This tag has discoursed from php 7.If you want to use xml with php,then short_open_tag in php ini will be disabled";?>

4.<script language="php">
echo "Some editor do not like processing the code within this tag and this tag is removed from php 7.0.0 version";


5.<% echo "asp style tag and asp_tags should be enabled but now php 7.0.0 version,this tag is removed";%>
Emil Cataranciuc
5 years ago
"<script language="php"> </script>, are always available." since PHP 7.0.0 is no longer true. These are removed along the ASP "<%, %>, <%=" tags.
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